Bristol West (UK Parliament constituency)

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Bristol West
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bristol West in Avon.
Outline map
Location of Avon within England.
County City of Bristol
Electorate 91,236 (December 2015)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Thangam Debbonaire (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Bristol West is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It covers the central and western parts of Bristol.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Bristol wards of Clifton, St Augustine's, St Michael's, and Westbury, and the local government district of Horfield.

1918-1950: The County Borough of Bristol wards of Clifton North, Clifton South, Horfield, Redland, St Michael, and Westbury-on-Trym.

1950-1955: The County Borough of Bristol wards of Bishopston, Clifton, Redland, St Augustine, St James, and St Michael.

1955-1974: The County Borough of Bristol wards of Bishopston, Cabot, Clifton, Durdham, and Redland.

1974-1983: The County Borough of Bristol wards of Bishopston, Cabot, Clifton, District, Durdham, and Redland.

1983-1997: The City of Bristol wards of Ashley, Bishopston, Cabot, Clifton, Cotham, Henleaze, Redland, and Stoke Bishop.

1997-2010: The City of Bristol wards of Ashley, Bishopston, Cabot, Clifton, Cotham, Henleaze, Redland, Stoke Bishop, and Westbury-on-Trym.

2010-present: The City of Bristol wards of Ashley, Bishopston, Cabot, Clifton, Clifton East, Cotham, Easton, Lawrence Hill, and Redland.

Following the review into parliamentary representation in Bristol by the Boundary Commission for England, Bristol West was subject to significant boundary changes at the 2010 general election.[2] Easton and Lawrence Hill wards were transferred from Bristol East, while Henleaze, Stoke Bishop and Westbury-on-Trym wards were lost to Bristol North West. During the review, a proposal to rename the constituency as "Bristol Central" was rejected.[2]

History[edit]

Traditionally this was the safest Conservative seat in Bristol, covering its most middle-class areas. It was held by the party continuously for a century and was represented by a series of Conservative cabinet ministers including Michael Hicks-Beach, Oliver Stanley, Walter Monckton and William Waldegrave. The seat was held by the Conservatives for 112 years before Labour's Valerie Davey won it at the 1997 general election; Labour had been third in 1992.

At the 2005 election the seat was Liberal Democrat target number 18, and Conservative target number 50; it had been frequently described in the media as a "three-way marginal", and all parties fought hard for the constituency. The seat was taken by Liberal Democrat Stephen Williams with a large majority, thought to have been aided by the large student electorate, hostile to Labour's top-up fees policy. This Liberal Democrat success was similar to those in other seats with a large student population, such as Cambridge, Manchester Withington, Leeds North West and Cardiff Central. In the 2010 election, Stephen Williams held the seat with an increased majority.[3] In the 2015 general election, however, the Liberal Democrat vote fell by 29.2% and Williams came third, over 10,000 votes behind the winning Labour candidate Thangam Debbonaire and more than 5,000 behind the Green Party candidate, who achieved the greatest increase in the Green vote (+23%) in any seat that election, albeit not enough to gain the seat. [4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5][6] Party
1885 Michael Hicks-Beach Conservative
1906 George Abraham Gibbs Conservative
1928 Cyril Thomas Culverwell Conservative
1945 Oliver Stanley Conservative
1951 Sir Walter T. Monckton Conservative
1957 Robert Cooke Conservative
1979 William Waldegrave Conservative
1997 Valerie Davey Labour
2005 Stephen Williams Liberal Democrats
2015 Thangam Debbonaire Labour

Elections[edit]

Next United Kingdom general election: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Green Molly Scott Cato[7]
Liberal Democrat Stephen Roy Williams[8]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Bristol West[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thangam Rachel Debbonaire 22,900 35.7 +8.1
Green Darren Hall 17,227 26.8 +23.0
Liberal Democrat Stephen Roy Williams 12,103 18.8 −29.2
Conservative Claire Hiscott 9,752 15.2 −3.2
UKIP Paul Turner 1,940 3.0 +1.8
Independent Dawn Parry 204 0.3 N/A
Left Unity Stewart Weston 92 0.1 N/A
Majority 5,673 8.8 -11.7
Turnout 64,218 72.0 +5.1
Labour gain from Liberal Democrat Swing -7.5

(Note that the vote-share changes for 2010 are from the notional results on the new boundaries, not the actual 2005 results))

General Election 2010: Bristol West[3][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Stephen Roy Williams 26,593 48.0 +8.9
Labour Paul Smith 15,227 27.5 −9.0
Conservative Nick Yarker 10,169 18.4 +2.0
Green Ricky Knight 2,090 3.8 -1.9
UKIP Christopher Lees 655 1.2 −0.1
Independent Danny Kushlick 343 0.6
English Democrat Jon Baker 270 0.5
Majority 11,366 20.5 +11.6
Turnout 55,347 66.9 +3.3
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +8.95%

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Stephen Roy Williams 21,987 38.3 +9.4
Labour Valerie Davey 16,859 29.4 −7.4
Conservative David John Pattison Martin 15,429 26.9 −1.9
Green Justin M. Quinnell 2,163 3.8 +0.3
UKIP Simon D. Muir 439 0.8 −0.1
Socialist Labour Bernard J. Kennedy 329 0.6 −0.5
Save Bristol North Baths Party Douglas J. Reid 190 0.3 +0.3
Majority 5,128 8.9
Turnout 57,396 70.5 +4.9
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing +8.4

[1] [2]

General Election 2001: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Valerie Davey 20,505 36.8 +1.6
Liberal Democrat Stephen Roy Williams 16,079 28.9 +0.9
Conservative Pamela Joy Chesters 16,040 28.8 −4.0
Green John F.L. Devaney 1,961 3.5 +2.2
Socialist Labour Bernard J. Kennedy 590 1.1 +0.7
UKIP Simon D. Muir 490 0.9 N/A
Majority 4,426 7.9
Turnout 55,665 65.6 −7.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Bristol West[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Valerie Davey 22,068 35.2 +10.5
Conservative William Arthur Waldegrave 20,575 32.8 −9.4
Liberal Democrat Charles R. Boney 17,551 28.0 −2.7
Referendum Lady R.E. Margot Beauchamp 1,304 2.1 N/A
Green Justin M. Quinnell 852 1.4 +0.4
Socialist Labour Roy C.M.T. Nurse 244 0.4 N/A
Natural Law Jai J. Brierley 47 0.1 −0.1
Majority 1,493 2.4
Turnout 62,641 73.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 9.95%
General Election 1992: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Arthur Waldegrave 22,169 42.2 −3.3
Liberal Democrat Charles Robert Boney 16,098 30.7 −0.6
Labour Hedley Bashforth 12,992 24.7 +3.8
Green George Alistair Ronald Sawday 906 1.7 −0.3
Natural Law David James Cross 104 0.2 N/A
Revolutionary Communist Ben Brent 92 0.2 N/A
Struck off Doctors Alliance Philip James Hammond 87 0.2 N/A
Anti-Federalist League Timothy Peter Edward Hedges 42 0.1 N/A
Majority 6,071 11.5 −2.7
Turnout 52,490 74.0 −1.0
Conservative hold Swing −1.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Arthur Waldegrave 24,695 45.5 −3.6
Liberal George Robin Paget Ferguson 16,992 31.3 +1.9
Labour Mrs. Mary Caroline Georghiou 11,337 20.9 +1.4
Green Mrs. Gundula Audrey Dorey 1,096 2.0 N/A
Communist Miss Veronica Ralph 134 0.3 N/A
Majority 7,703 14.2 −5.5
Turnout 54,254 75.0 +4.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Arthur Waldegrave 25,400 49.1
Liberal George Robin Paget Ferguson 15,222 29.4
Labour Mrs. Pamela Rose Tatlow 10,094 19.5
Ecology James Frederick Keeling Scott 872 1.7
Independent Sebastian Boyle 142 0.3
Majority 10,178 19.7
Turnout 51,730 70.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Arthur Waldegrave 22,257 52.6
Labour Miss Vivien Bath 9,691 22.9
Liberal Bernard Silver 8,881 21.0
Ecology John K. Ingham 1,154 2.7
National Front M. Jones 246 0.6
United Democratic Party Raymond R. Redmore 93 0.2
Majority 12,566 29.7
Turnout 71.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gordon Cooke 18,555 46.9
Liberal Robert G.R. Stacey 11,598 29.3
Labour John Malos 9,372 23.7
Majority 6,957 17.6
Turnout 65.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gordon Cooke 21,141 48.3
Liberal Robert G.R. Stacey 13,076 29.9
Labour John Malos 9,526 21.8
Majority 8,065 18.4
Turnout 72.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gordon Cooke 20,110 60.2
Labour David J. Blackman 8,175 24.5
Liberal Robert G.R. Stacey 5,108 15.3
Majority 11,935 35.7
Turnout 66.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gordon Cooke 19,783 56.7
Labour Leslie Walter Bosisto 8,265 23.7
Liberal Robert G.R. Stacey 6,850 19.6
Majority 11,518 33.0
Turnout 72.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gordon Cooke 21,230 58.0
Liberal Keith Basil Wedmore 7,366 20.1
Labour Donald McLaren 7,306 20.0
Taxpayers' Coalition Party P. Michael Kingston 709 1.9
Majority 13,864 37.9
Turnout 73.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gordon Cooke 27,768 67.3
Labour Michael Francis Lovell Cocks 7,651 18.6
Liberal Colin Allen Hart-Leverton 5,835 14.1
Majority 20,117 48.7
Turnout 73.6
Conservative hold Swing
Bristol West by-election 7 March 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gordon Cooke 24,585 70.2 -5.1
Labour William Thomas Rodgers 10,423 29.8 +5.1
Majority 14,162 40.4
Turnout 61.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Walter Turner Monckton 32,767 75.3
Labour Walter Hamlet Johnson 10,766 24.7
Majority 22,001 50.6
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Walter Turner Monckton 25,858 63.6
Labour Harold Lawrance 11,716 28.8
Liberal David Goldblatt 3,115 7.7
Majority 14,142 34.8
Turnout 80.6
Conservative hold Swing
Bristol West by-election 15 February 1951
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Walter Turner Monckton 22,216 81.4 +22.5
Labour Harold Lawrance 5,072 18.6 -11.4
Majority 17,144 62.8 +33.9
Turnout 53.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Oliver Frederick George Stanley 24,920 58.9
Labour Edward S.D. Bishop 12,677 30.0
Liberal Miss Hilda Nuttall 4,688 11.1
Majority 12,243 28.9
Turnout 82.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Oliver Frederick George Stanley 32,149 48.6
Labour William Edward Balmer 25,163 38.0
Liberal Desmond Allhusen 8,849 13.4
Majority 6,986 10.6
Turnout 74.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Thomas Culverwell 36,820 71.0
Labour Percy Williams 15,058 29.0
Majority 21,762 42.0
Turnout 70.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Thomas Culverwell 43,264 83.0
Labour F.E. White 8,875 17.0
Majority 34,389 66.0
Turnout 79.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Cyril Thomas Culverwell 25,416 53.7
Labour Lady Clare Annesley 11,961 25.3
Liberal William Nichols Marcy 9,909 21.0
Majority 13,455 28.4
Turnout 77.7
Unionist hold Swing
Bristol West by-election, 1928
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Cyril Thomas Culverwell 16,970 57.2
Labour Lady Clare Annesley 7,702 26.0
Liberal William Nichols Marcy 4,996 16.8
Majority 9,268 31.2
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Abraham Gibbs 23,574 79.0
Labour Matt Giles 6,276 21.0
Majority 17,298 58.0
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Abraham Gibbs Unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1922: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Abraham Gibbs 18,124 62.0
Liberal Frank Walter Raffety 11,100 38.0
Majority 7,024 24.0
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Bristol West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Abraham Gibbs Unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Hicks Beach
General Election 1885: Bristol West [12][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Michael Hicks Beach 3,876 61.1 n/a
Liberal Brinsley de Courcy Nixon 2,463 38.9 n/a
Majority 1,413 22.2 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Bristol West [12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Michael Hicks Beach 3,819 68.0 +6.9
Liberal James Judd 1,801 32.0 -6.9
Majority 2,018 36.0 +13.8
Turnout 73.4
Conservative hold Swing +6.9

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Bristol West [12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Michael Hicks Beach unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1895: Bristol West [12][13][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Michael Hicks Beach 3,815 67.4 n/a
Liberal Henry Hamilton Lawless 1,842 32.6 n/a
Majority 1,973 34.8 n/a
Turnout 69.5 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Bristol West [12][13][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Michael Hicks Beach unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
George Gibbs
General Election 1906: Bristol West [12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Abraham Gibbs 4,267 52.2 n/a
Liberal Thomas J. Lennard 3,902 47.8 n/a
Majority 365 4.4 n/a
Turnout 86.7 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Bristol West [12][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Abraham Gibbs 5,159 57.1 +4.9
Liberal Dr Walter Saise 3,881 42.9 -4.9
Majority 1,278 14.2 +9.8
Turnout 89.3 +2.6
Conservative hold Swing +4.9
General Election December 1910: Bristol West [12][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Abraham Gibbs 4,871
Liberal Joseph Weston Stevens 3,595
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Fifth Periodical Report" (PDF). Boundary Commission for England. 26 February 2007. Retrieved 23 October 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Election 2010: Bristol West". BBC News. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk. 
  5. ^ "Bristol West 1885-". Hansard. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Members 1979-2010" (PDF). House of Commons Library. Retrieved 12 December 2015. 
  7. ^ http://www.itv.com/news/westcountry/2016-11-04/green-mep-to-stand-for-bristol-west-in-general-election/
  8. ^ http://www.libdemvoice.org/six-lib-dem-mps-selected-to-fight-their-constituencies-51372.html
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ McNamara, Stephen (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer, Bristol City Council. Retrieved 20 April 2010. 
  11. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  13. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  16. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  18. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916

Coordinates: 51°27′47″N 2°36′30″W / 51.46301°N 2.60827°W / 51.46301; -2.60827