212th Brigade (United Kingdom)
|212th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home)
212th Independent Infantry Brigade
Insignia of the 212th Independent Infantry Brigade (November 1941-November 1942), same as the previously worn Lincolnshire County Division badge.
|Active||1916–8 April 1918
7 October 1940-16 October 1942
|Role||Training and Home Defence|
World War I
The 212th Brigade was part of the 71st Division, a Home Service division raised in late 1916. It had the dual role of training men for overseas drafts and providing forces for home defence. The brigade was previously known as the 6th Provisional Brigade.
Order of Battle
The following infantry battalions served in 212th Brigade during World War I:
- 61st Provisional Battalion, became 11th Battalion, Norfolk Regiment
- 100th Provisional Battalion, became 29th Battalion, London Regiment
- 101st Provisional Battalion, became 30th Battalion, London Regiment
- 249th Graduated Battalion, became 51st (Graduated) Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment
- 250th Graduated Battalion, became 52nd (Graduated) Battalion, Middlesex Regiment
On 10 January 1918 orders were issued to break up 71st Division. Disbandment began in January 1918 and its last elements disappeared on 8 April 1918.
World War II
Formation and Service
A new brigade was formed under the title of the 212th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home) for service in the United Kingdom on 7 October 1940 by No 12 Infantry Training Group in South Wales Area. It was commanded by Brigadier H.A.R. Aubrey (Brigadier R.B.L. Persse from 13 May 1941) and composed of newly raised infantry battalions.
The brigade moved to North Midland Area (9 February–26 March 1941) and then became an integral part of the new Lincolnshire County Division (27 March–20 November 1941). When the county division ceased to function, the brigade was re-designated the 212th Independent Infantry Brigade, coming under the administrative control of 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division (21 November 1941 – 24 May 1942) and then II Corps District.
Order of Battle
The composition of 212th Brigade was as follows:
- 9th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment (7 October 1940 — 14 July 1942, converted the next day to the 160 RAC.)
- 6th Battalion, South Wales Borderers (7 October 1940 — 14 July 1942, converted the next day to the 158 RAC.)
- 18th Battalion, Welch Regiment (7 October 1940 — 28 May 1941)
- 10th Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment (7 October 1940 — 14 July 1942, converted the next day to the 159 RAC.)
The regiments converted to armour were sent to India, where they were reconverted to infantry and made up the newly reformed 72nd Infantry Brigade. On 16 August 1942, the Brigade HQ became an administrative HQ under GHQ Home Forces and eased to function as a command HQ.
- Cole pps. 59, 131
- Joslen, p. 375.
- Joslen, p. 108.
- Joslen p. 497
- Cole, Howard (1973). Formation Badges of World War 2 Britain, Commonwealth and Empire. London: Arms and Armour Press.
- George Forty, "British Army Handbook 1939-1945", Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 1998, ISBN 0-7509-1403-3.
- Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1843424746.
- Royal Regiment of Wales website