36th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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36th Brigade
36th Infantry Brigade
36th Independent Infantry Brigade
36th Infantry Brigade
British 12th (Eastern) Division Insignia.png
Formation sign of the 12th Division, First World War
Active 1914–1919
1939–1946
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Infantry
Size Brigade
Part of 12th (Eastern) Division
12th (Eastern) Infantry Division
78th Infantry Division
Insignia
Identification
symbol
78th Battleaxe Division insignia

The 36th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of British Army that fought in World War I, as part of 12th (Eastern) Division, on the Western Front. The brigade also fought in World War II, again with 12th Division and later with 78th Battleaxe Division in France, Tunisia and Italy.

First World War[edit]

The 36th Brigade fought throughout the First World War with the 12th (Eastern) Division on the Western Front. During the First World War the brigade was part of the New Army, also known as Kitchener's New Armies, and disbanded after the war ended.

Order of battle[edit]

Second World War[edit]

Reformed during the Second World War as the 36th Infantry Brigade on 7 October 1939, this time as part of the Territorial Army, and attached to the 12th (Eastern) Infantry Division, duplicate of the 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division. The brigade was formed as a 2nd Line duplicate of the 132nd (Kent) Infantry Brigade. It fought in the Battle of France in May 1940 where it was overrun by the German Army and dispersed and suffered very heavy casualties, due mainly to the division having none of its support units and the infantrymen having had little training. Reformed in the United Kingdom, it was redesignated 36th Independent Infantry Brigade from 22 June 1940, when the 12th Division was disbanded, until 22 June 1942 when it was assigned to the 78th Battleaxe Infantry Division and served in the North African Campaign, in Operation Husky and the Italian Campaign, in particular the Battle of Monte Cassino and later Gothic Line, followed by the Spring 1945 offensive in Italy.

Order of battle[edit]

36th Infantry Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:[2]

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded 36th Infantry Brigade during the war:[3]

  • Brigadier G.R.P. Roupell (until 20 May 1940, MIA)
  • Brigadier A.L. Kent-Lemon (from 1 July 1940 until 17 December 1942)
  • Brigadier B. Howlett (from 17 December 1942 until 30 November 1943)
  • Lieutenant Colonel P.E.O. Bryan (Acting, from 30 November to 3 December 1943)
  • Brigadier J.L. Spencer (from 3 December 1943 until 2 May 1944)
  • Brigadier J.G. James (from 2 May 1944, KIA 16 June 1944)
  • Brigadier C.D. Packard (from 27 June until 20 December 1944)
  • Brigadier G.R.D. Musson (from 20 December 1944 until 7 June 1945)
  • Lieutenant Colonel A.J. Odling-Smee (Acting, from 7 June until 11 July 1945)
  • Brigadier G.R.D. Musson (from 11 July 1945)

Recipients of the Victoria Cross[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.1914-1918.net/12div.htm
  2. ^ Joslen, p. 284.
  3. ^ Joslen, p. 284.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1-84342-474-6.

External links[edit]