British Aircraft Eagle
|A preserved airworthy B.A. Eagle 2, 2015|
|Manufacturer||British Klemm / British Aircraft Manufacturing|
|Primary user||private owners|
The B.A. Eagle was a light aircraft manufactured in the United Kingdom during the 1930s. It was a three-seat low-wing monoplane built by the "British Klemm Aeroplane Company" (which later became known as the British Aircraft Manufacturing Co.) Production was limited, with 43 aircraft built.
Design and development
The British Klemm Aeroplane Company developed the B.K.1 Eagle, a three-seat light aircraft as a follow-up to the British Klemm Swallow, its licensed copy of the Klemm L.25. While similar to the Klemm Kl 32, it was an entirely independent design by G. Handasyde, the chief designer of British Klemm, first flying in early 1934. The Eagle was a low-wing wooden monoplane with a retractable undercarriage. It had an enclosed cabin for the pilot and two passengers. Six of this initial version of the Eagle were built.
As was the case with the Swallow, a revised version was introduced in 1935 when British Klemm was renamed the British Aircraft Manufacturing Co. This version, the B.A. Eagle II had a revised rudder and a deepened rear fuselage. A total of 37 Eagle IIs were built, including a single example fitted with a fixed undercarriage.
Eagles were mainly sold to private owners, with a few also being used by flying clubs or as executive transports. Eagles were also used for air racing, with several being entered into the King's Cup Races between 1935 and 1937. Single examples were also entered into the MacRobertson Air Race of 1934 between Britain and Australia and the 1936 Schlesinger Race between England and South Africa. Neither aircraft completed the races.
At the outbreak of the Second World War, seven Eagles were pressed into RAF service in the UK, with two in Australia and one in Kenya, but the undercarriages proved vulnerable in RAF service, with most airframes being written off due to undercarriage failure. Two aircraft survived the war to be flown by civil owners in Australia.
- B.K. Eagle
- Initial production version, six built.
- B.A. Eagle 2
- Revised production version with modified structure, 37 built.
- Royal Air Force operated seven aircraft.
Two Eagles currently survive.
- Exhibited at the Fundaćion Infante de Orleans air museum at Madrid, Spain. Still active 2009.
- Exhibited in Australia and still active in 2012.
Specifications (B.K. Eagle)
Data from British Civil Aircraft since 1919.
- Crew: Two
- Length: 26 ft 0 in (7.93 m)
- Wingspan: 39 ft 3 in (11.97 m)
- Height: 6 ft 9 in (2.06 m)
- Wing area: 200 ft2 (18.6 m2)
- Empty weight: 1,450 lb (659 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 2,400 lb (1,091 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × de Havilland Gipsy Major 4-cylinder air-cooled inline engine, 130 hp (97 kW)
- Maximum speed: 129 knots (148 mph, 238 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 113 knots (130 mph, 209 km/h)
- Range: 565 nm (650 mi, 1,047 km)
- Service ceiling: 16,000 ft (4,900 m)
- Rate of climb: 700 ft/min (3.6 m/s)
- Wing loading: 12.0 lb/ft2 (58.7 kg/m2)
- Power/mass: 0.054 hp/lb (0.089 kW/kg)
- Jackson, A.J. (1974). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 1. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10006-9.
- "British Aircraft of World War II - British Aircraft Eagle". Retrieved 2007-07-09.
- Ogden, Bob (2009). Aviation Museums and Collections of Mainland Europe. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd. p. 527. ISBN 978-0-85130-418-2.
- Air Britain News May 2012, p.594
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