British Airways Flight 268
G-BNLG taxiing at San Francisco International Airport, 31 May 2008
|Date||20 February 2005|
|Summary||Engine fire (No.2) and shutdown on climbout|
|Site||Los Angeles, US|
|Aircraft type||Boeing 747–436|
|Destination||London Heathrow, UK|
British Airways Flight 268 was a regularly scheduled flight from Los Angeles LAX airport to London Heathrow LHR. The flight took off at about 9:24 p.m. on 20 February 2005. When the plane, a four engine Boeing 747–436, was around 300 feet into the air, flames burst out of its number 2 engine, a result of engine surge. The pilots shut the engine down. Air traffic control expected the plane to return to the airport and deleted the flight plan. However, after consulting with the airline dispatcher, the pilots decided to set off on their flight plan "and get as far as we can" rather than dump 70 tonnes of fuel and land. The 747 is certified to fly on three engines. Having reached the East Coast, the assessment was that the plane could continue safely. The cross-Atlantic journey encountered less favourable conditions than predicted. Upon reaching the UK, believing there to be insufficient usable fuel to reach their destination, the captain declared an emergency and landed at Manchester Airport.
A safety controversy ensued; the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) accused the carrier of flying an "unairworthy" plane across the Atlantic Ocean. The FAA proposed fining the carrier, British Airways (BA) $25,000. BA lodged an appeal on the grounds that they were flying according to United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) rules (which are derived from International Civil Aviation Organisation standards). In the end, the FAA told BA it was dropping the case based on assurances that airline changes will "preclude the type of extended operation that was the subject of this enforcement action." BA said they had not changed their procedures and according to Flight International the FAA said that they "will recognise the CAA's determination that the aircraft was not unairworthy"
The investigation report recommended that BA revise its training of crews in three engine operation fuel management procedures.
During the investigation, the British Air Accidents Investigation Branch discovered that one of the eight tracks on the Flight Data Recording tape had been erased during flight as a result of a short circuit in the unit, resulting in the loss of over three hours of data. It recommended that the FAA should require Honeywell, the manufacturer of the flight data recorder, to include a visual inspection of the printed circuit board during routine maintenance of the FDR.
- Learmount, David (11 April 2006) "British Airways appeals FAA fine over 2005 Boeing 747 engine shutdown 'safety breach'". Flightglobal.com
- McCartney, Scott (23 September 2006). "After Engine Blew, Deciding to Fly On 'As Far as We Can'". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
- Learmount, David (23 January 2007) "USA/UK fail to agree new engine-out rules". Flightglobal.com
- Boeing 747-436, G-BNLG (Report). AAIB. June 2006. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Section 1 – Aeroplanes 5,700kg MTWA and above" (PDF). Progress Report 2007. AAIB. December 2007.[permanent dead link]