British Airways ethnic liveries
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In 1997 British Airways (BA) adopted a new livery. One part of this was a newly stylised version of the British Airways "Speedbird" logo, but the major change was the introduction of tail-fin art. Also known as the Utopia or world image tailfins, they used art and designs from international artists and other sources to represent countries on BA's route network. The signature of the artist was carried near the design on the tail.
The new corporate logo was created by the London-based design agency Newell and Sorrell, who also oversaw the implementation of the tailfin designs.
The adoption of this aircraft livery was seen as a move away from the traditional British image of the carrier. BA claimed that the previous Landor Associates scheme carried an air of arrogance and detachment, and insisted that the new tailfins were popular with international travellers. However, they were unpopular with many people in the UK, despite nine of the designs being inspired by either England, Scotland or Wales. Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher showed her displeasure at the designs by covering one of the new tailfins on a model 747 with a handkerchief. She declared, "We fly the British flag, not these awful things." Thatcher also indicated with these fins the airline would lose its identity.
Virgin Atlantic took advantage of the controversy by applying a Union flag scheme to the front end of its aircraft. In their own 1999 relaunch, the flag was also applied to the vertical winglets of Virgin Atlantic's aircraft.
Review of use
While the majority of the designs were applied to a variety of aircraft models, one scheme (the stylised version of the Chatham Dockyard Union Flag) was used on Concorde only. By 1999, BA had repainted around 170 aircraft in its new colours but then Chief Executive, Bob Ayling, announced a review of this process. The aircraft already repainted would keep the new designs, but the remainder of the fleet (still showing the pre-1997 union flag design) would receive a variant of Concorde's Union Flag design. The announcement was timed to divert some attention from Virgin's relaunch.
Finally in May 2001 the new Chief Executive, Rod Eddington, announced the entire fleet would receive the new Union flag livery. Eddington argued that while an attempt to increase the airline's appeal was not a bad thing, the exercise hurt the image of the carrier among its core customers — those that are attracted by the British identity, which the ethnic tailfins diluted somewhat.
Delftblue Daybreak on a Boeing 767
Paithani on a Citiexpress Embraer ERJ 145
Waves of the City on an Embraer ERJ 145
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|Chatham Dockyard Union Flag||Introduced on Concorde for relaunch, now the livery for entire fleet||United Kingdom|
|Animals and trees||Art of a tribe in the Kalahari Desert||Botswana|
|Avignon||Jim Avignon design, contemporary German art||Germany|
|Benyhone||Anglicized Gaelic for "Mountain of the birds", a Scottish tartan design||Scotland|
|Blomsterang/Flower Field||Hearts and flowers||Sweden|
|Blue Poole||Pottery design||England|
|British Blend||Coffee cup design, result of New Britain competition, used on a single A320||United Kingdom|
|Chelsea Rose||Representation of the English rose||England|
|Colour Down the Side||Abstract Cornish art, used on a single Dash 8 of Brymon Airways (BA Citiexpress)||England|
|Colum||Anglicized Irish for "Dove": a Celtic design||Ireland|
|Crossing Borders||Egyptian scroll||Egypt|
|Delftblue Daybreak||Delft pottery design||Netherlands|
|Golden Khokloma||Representation of art on pottery and utensils||Russia|
|Grand Union||By Christine Bass (artist and designer), result of a Sunday Times competition, based on traditional English canal boat art||United Kingdom|
|Koguty Lowickie||Polish artist's print of cockerels, peacocks and flower||Poland|
|L'esprit Liberté||Celebrating human rights movement||International|
|La Pyramide du Louvre||One aircraft painted with image of central courtyard of Louvre museum||France|
|Nalanji Dreaming||Aboriginal art, originally designed for Qantas||Australia|
|Ndebele Martha||Geometric art. By Martha Masanabo||South Africa|
|Ndebele Emmly||Similar to Ndebele Martha, by Emmly Masanabo||South Africa|
|Pause to remember||Poppy design, used around Remembrance Day. Now applied to fuselage||United Kingdom|
|Rendezvous||Chinese calligraphy||Hong Kong|
|Spring/Primăvară||Images of Romania||Romania|
|Sterntaler/Bauhaus||Antje Brüggemann's 3-D 'ceramic objects' art||Germany|
|Teaming up for Britain||Adopted for 2000 Summer Olympics, features British Olympic Association logo||United Kingdom|
|Wunala Dreaming||Like Nalanji Dreaming, this livery was designed for Qantas||Australia|
|Water Dreaming||Art representing northern Australian terrain||Australia|
|Waves and Cranes/Nami Tsuru||Montage of a Japanese artist's depictions of waves and cranes||Japan|
|Waves of the City/Floating||Simple and modern||United States|
|Whale Rider||From wood carving representing the whaling tradition of the artist's community||Canada|
|Wings||Representing seagulls in flight||Denmark|
|Youm al-Suq/Market Day||Arab market||Saudi Arabia|