Atlantic Fleet (United Kingdom)

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Atlantic Fleet
Renown-7.jpg
Capital Ships of the Atlantic Fleet
Active 1909-1914;1919-1932
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Type Fleet

The Atlantic Fleet was a major fleet formation of the Royal Navy. There have been two main formations in the Royal Navy officially called the Atlantic Fleet. The first was created in 1904 and lasted until 1914. The second lasted from 1919 until 1932.

History[edit]

On 14 December 1904 the Channel Fleet was re-styled the 'Atlantic Fleet'.[1] The Atlantic Fleet lasted until 1912 when rising tensions with Germany forced the Royal Navy to relook at fleet formations and the Atlantic Fleet became the 3rd Battle Squadron.[2]

The Atlantic Fleet was again formed after the end of World War I, when British naval forces were reorganised to reflect the changed economic and political situation in Europe. The fleet was created upon the disbandment of the Grand Fleet in April 1919, absorbing many, but not all of its elements. It was placed under a Commander-in-Chief, who for part of that year held the title of Commander-in-Chief Atlantic and Home Fleets, before the Home Fleet became the Reserve Fleet and a totally separate command. HMS Queen Elizabeth became the Fleet's flagship and served in that capacity until 1924.[3]

The fleet never fought in a naval battle in its short history. The fleet's only point of note in history was in 1931, during the Invergordon Mutiny. Sailors of the fleet openly refused to obey orders over a dispute on pay sparked by the government at the time.[4] The fleet's short history ended in 1932, when the Admiralty having been shaken by the events of the Invergordon Mutiny, renamed the fleet, as the Home Fleet.[5]

Commander-in-Chiefs First Formation[edit]

Included:[6]
Rank Flag Name Term
Commander-in-Chief Atlantic Fleet [7]
1 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Lord Charles Beresford 31 December 1904-1 March 1905
2 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir William H. May 1 March 1905–23 February 1907
3 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Assheton Curzon-Howe 23 February 1907–19 November 1908
4 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Prince Louis of Battenberg 19 November 1908–20 December 1910
5 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir John Jellicoe 20 December 1910–19 December 1911
6 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Cecil Burney 19 December 1911–1914
Notes:The Fleet was commanded by the designated tile of "Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet" between 1910-1912 the post was sometimes styled as "Vice-Admiral Commanding, Atlantic Fleet".

Commander-in-Chiefs Second Formation[edit]

Included:[8]
Rank Flag Name Term
Commander-in-Chief Atlantic Fleet [9]
1 Admiral Flag of Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Charles Madden 8 April 1919–15 August 1922
2 Admiral Flag of Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir John de Robeck 15 August 1922–15 August 1924
3 Admiral Flag of Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Henry Oliver 15 August 1924–15 August 1927
4 Admiral Flag of Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Hubert Brand] 15 August 1927–17 April 1929
5 Admiral Flag of Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Ernle Chatfield 17 April 1929–27 may 1930
6 Vice-Admiral Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Michael Hodges 27 May 1930–6 October 1931
7 Admiral Flag of Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir John Kelly 6 October 1931–1932

Second-in-Command, Atlantic Fleet[edit]

Included:[10]
Rank Flag Name Term
Second-in-Command, Atlantic Fleet
1 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Francis Bridgeman 25 June 1904-25 August 1905
2 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Archibald. Milne 25 August 1905-25 August 1906
3 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg George L.C. Egerton 25 August 1906-28 August 1907
4 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir John R. Jellicoe 25 August 1907-25 August 1908
5 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg William B. Fisher 25 August 1908-26 August 1909
6 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Colin R. Keppel 26 August 1909-12 September 1910
7 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sackville H. Carden 26 August 1909-29 August 1911 (co-assigned)
8 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Sir Christopher G. F. M. Cradock 29 August 1911-29 August 1912

Chiefs of Staff[edit]

Included [11]
Rank Flag Name Term
Chief of Staff, Atlantic Fleet
1 Commodore 1st Class UK-Navy-OF6-Flag.svg Cyril T. M. Fuller 1 May 1920 1922-14 August 1922
2 Rear-Admiral Flag of Rear-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg Arthur J. Davies 14 August 1922-15 August 1927 (initially-Cdre, 1.Cls)

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Archives records
  2. ^ "Navy Estimates 1912-13". Hansard. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "HMS Queen Elizabeth". Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "The Invergordon Mutiny". Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  5. ^ "Home Fleet listing for 1933". Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Senior Royal Navy Appointments Archived 15 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Government, H.M. (October 1913). "Flag Officers - Vice Admirals". The Navy List. H.M. Stationary Office. p. 87. 
  8. ^ Whitaker's Almanacks 1919–1932
  9. ^ Government, H.M. (October 1913). "Flag Officers - Vice Admirals". The Navy List. H.M. Stationary Office. p. 87. 
  10. ^ Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Atlantic Fleet (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell, 18 July 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 
  11. ^ Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Atlantic Fleet (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell, 18 July 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 

External links[edit]