British Coal

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British Coal Corporation
British Coal.png
PredecessorNational Coal Board
SuccessorCoal Authority
Formation12 July 1946; 75 years ago (1946-07-12)
Dissolved26 January 1997; 24 years ago (1997-01-26)
Legal statusStatutory Corporation
OwnerUK Government

The British Coal Corporation was a nationalised corporation responsible for the mining of coal in the United Kingdom. It existed from the 1946 Labour Government 1945–1951's Coal Industry Nationalisation Act establishing the National Coal Board (NCB) (1946−1987), until the 1997 disestablishment of the British Coal Corporation (1987−1997).

According to the Climate Accountability Institute, British Coal Cooperation was responsible for 1.13% of global industrial greenhouse gas emissions up to 2017.[1]


National Coal Board[edit]

British Coal was formed on 12 July 1946 as the National Coal Board (NCB), which was responsible for the organisation and running of coal extraction. It was under the responsibility of the Minister of Fuel & Power, who presented the board's reports to Parliament.

The vesting date for nationalised coal was 1 January 1947, when the assets of approximately eight hundred private colliery companies, the Coal Commission, the service contracts held by the colliery companies, and all staff from the district selling schemes that operated in the United Kingdom were transferred to the NCB.

The NCB formed two holding companies in 1973, to handle non core (deep and opencast mining) activities: NCB (Coal Products) Limited and NCB (Ancillaries) Limited.

British Coal Corporation[edit]

The Coal Industry Act 1987 changed the NCB into the British Coal Corporation. With the passing of the Coal Industry Act 1994, the 16th and last Coal Industry Act, the industry-wide administrative functions of British Coal were transferred to a new authority, the Coal Authority.[2]

All economic assets were privatised. The English mining operations were merged with RJB Mining to form UK Coal plc, a monopoly. The British Coal Corporation officially ceased on 26 January 1997.[3]

List of Collieries[edit]

British Coal Corporation collieries operating in 1994[4]
Colliery Location
Longannet Fife
Point of Ayr Flintshire
Kellingley Yorkshire
Maltby Yorkshire
Prince of Wales Yorkshire
North Selby Yorkshire
Riccall Yorkshire
Stillingfleet Yorkshire
Wistow Yorkshire
Whitemoor Yorkshire
Bilsthorpe Nottinghamshire
Harworth Nottinghamshire
Thoresby Nottinghamshire
Welbeck Nottinghamshire
Daw Mill Warwickshire
Asfordby Leicestershire

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Climate Accountability Institute: "Summary of CO2 & methane emissions from identified fossil fuel & cement production"" (PDF). Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  2. ^ Coal Industry Act 1994 Archived May 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Companies House
  4. ^ Royce Logan Turner (1995). The British Economy in Transition. Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 9780415111140.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]