British Coal

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British Coal Corporation
PredecessorNational Coal Board
SuccessorCoal Authority
Formation5 March 1987; 35 years ago (1987-03-05)
Dissolved27 March 2004; 18 years ago (2004-03-27)
Legal statusStatutory corporation
HeadquartersHobart House, Grosvenor Place, London SW1X 7AE
OwnerUK Government
Sir Robert Haslam (1987–1990)
Neil Clarke (1991–June 1997)
Philip Hutchinson (June 1997–December 1997)
Mike Atkinson (1998–2000)
Peter Mason (2000–2004)

The British Coal Corporation was a nationalised corporation responsible for the mining of coal in the United Kingdom from 1987 until it was effectively dissolved in 1997. The corporation was created by renaming its predecessor, the National Coal Board (NCB).


The Coal Industry Act 1987 changed the NCB into the British Coal Corporation. With the passing of the Coal Industry Act 1994, the 16th and last Coal Industry Act, the industry-wide administrative functions of British Coal were transferred to the new Coal Authority from 31 October 1994.[1][2]

All economic assets were privatised. The English mining operations were merged with RJB Mining to form UK Coal, a monopoly. British Coal continued as a separate organisation until 31 December 1997, after which it was run as a residual legal entity by staff within the Coal Directorate of the Department of Trade and Industry,[3][4] eventually being dissolved on 27 March 2004.[5][6]

List of collieries[edit]

British Coal Corporation collieries operating in 1994[7]
Colliery Location
Longannet Fife
Point of Ayr Flintshire
Kellingley Yorkshire
Maltby Yorkshire
Prince of Wales Yorkshire
North Selby Yorkshire
Riccall Yorkshire
Stillingfleet Yorkshire
Wistow Yorkshire
Whitemoor Yorkshire
Bilsthorpe Nottinghamshire
Harworth Nottinghamshire
Thoresby Nottinghamshire
Welbeck Nottinghamshire
Daw Mill Warwickshire
Asfordby Leicestershire

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Coal Industry Act 1994",, The National Archives, 5 July 1994, 1994 c. 21, retrieved 5 May 2016
  2. ^ "The Coal Industry (Restructuring Date) Order 1994",, The National Archives, 29 September 1994, SI 1994/2553
  3. ^[bare URL]
  4. ^ "Public Bodies (Chairmen)". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 10 April 2002.
  5. ^ "The Coal Industry Act 1994 (Commencement No.7) and Dissolution of the British Coal Corporation Order 2004: Section 3",, The National Archives, 22 January 2004, SI 2004/144 (s. 3)
  6. ^ "British Coal sell-off nearing completion". The Independent. 23 July 1996.
  7. ^ Royce Logan Turner (1995). The British Economy in Transition. Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 9780415111140.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]