British Columbia Highway 19

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Highway 19 shield

Highway 19
Island Highway
Inland Island Highway
Route information
Length: 406 km (252 mi)
Existed: 1953 – present
Major junctions
South end: Duke Point Ferry Terminal
  BC 1 in Nanaimo
BC 19A south in Nanaimo
BC 19A north at Craig's Crossing
BC 4A near Parksville
BC 4 near Qualicum Beach
BC 19A / BC 28 in Campbell River
BC 30 between and Port McNeill and Port Hardy
North end: Bear Cove Ferry Terminal
Highway system

British Columbia provincial highways

BC 18 BC 19A

Highway 19, known locally as the Island Highway, is the main north-south thoroughfare on Vancouver Island north of Nanaimo. A highway has existed on the Island since about 1912. Originally, gravel and rough, the highway was an essential link together with the E and N Railway. The paved highway first opened in 1953, replacing a stretch of Highway 1 between Nanaimo and Campbell River, finally being extended to the northern tip of the island in the late 1970s. The total length of the highway is 406 km (252 mi).

History[edit]

Completed in 1953, the highway was built over most of the original highway 19A. By 1979,[1] the highway was extended north to Port Hardy, where it terminated at the Beaver Cove ferry terminal. Before 1979, the highway terminated in the north at Kelsey Bay, where BC Ferries originally began its northern route to Prince Rupert until moving its southern terminus north to Port Hardy after the highway was extended. Between 1996 and 2001, an express route was built further inland between Craig's Crossing and Campbell River, while another express route was built in the western part of Nanaimo, extending the highway further south to the new Duke Point ferry terminal. This makes Highway 19 the only numbered highway in B.C. to have ferry terminals at both ends.

A new (as of summer 2014) 120 km/h speed limit, on the freeway stretch north of Parksville; this is the highest signed speed limit in Canada.

Route details[edit]

Highway 19, Exit 60 interchange with Highway 4 at Qualicum Beach looking WSW

Highway 19's northern end is located at the Bear Cove ferry terminal, across the bay from Port Hardy. The highway proceeds southwest from the ferry dock for 5 km (3 mi) to a junction with the main road to the centre of Port Hardy, then turns southeast, travelling for 16 km (10 mi) to Highway 30, and then further east for 20 km (12 mi) to the main road to Port McNeill. The highway then follows the eastern shore of Nimpkish Lake and the Nimpkish River through a long stretch of dense forest terrain for 64 km (40 mi) southeast, until reaching a junction with the community of Woss, then travelling another 65 km east (40 mi), through the boundary between the Regional Districts of Mount Waddington and Strathcona, to a junction with Sayward, and finally entering the city of Campbell River another 64 km (40 mi) southeast, at a junction with Highways 28 and 19A, just past the river that the city is named for.

The entire stretch of Highway 19 north of Campbell River is an undivided two-lane configuration. Once at the junction with Highways 28 and 19A, Highway 19 separates into an expressway configuration, built between 1996 and 2001. In Campbell River, the expressway shares its northbound lanes with Tamarac Street, and its southbound lanes with Willow Street. The entire stretch of Highway 19 between Campbell River and the city of Parksville alternates between a divided four-lane expressway and freeway, with a nominal speed limit of 120 km/h (75 mph), and is referred to as the "Inland Island Highway".

South from Campbell River, Highway 19 is divided primarily by a concrete wall, and goes through a series of six at-grade intersections, five of them possessing exit numbers. 52 km (32 mi) south of Campbell River, Highway 19 reaches its first interchange, with a four-lane arterial highway that goes west to the village of Cumberland and east to the communities of Courtenay and Comox. Past the Courtenay Interchange, Highway 19 is divided by a grass median. 16 km (10 mi) later, Highway 19 reaches another interchange, this time with a two-lane road that goes a short distance east to the B.C. Ferry terminal at Buckley Bay. There are two more at-grade intersections on Highway 19 in the 41 km (25 mi) between the Buckley Bay Interchange and the interchange with Highway 4, which goes north into Qualicum Beach. 9 km (6 mi) later, Highway 19 goes through another interchange, this time with Highway 4A, which goes east into Parksville. The next interchange, at Craig's Crossing, is another 5 km south (3 mi).

Past the Craig's Crossing Interchange, Highway 19 resumes its 1953 alignment, which today is a 4-lane, divided arterial highway with a concrete median barrier mostly constructed during the 1970s. The highway passes southeast through the communities of Nanoose Bay and Lantzville before finally entering the north part of Nanaimo. Highway 19 then veers south onto a new 20 km (12 mi) long four-lane expressway known as the "Nanaimo Parkway", which has five at-grade intersections along its length. Highway 19's Nanaimo Parkway portion ends at an interchange with the Trans Canada and Cedar Road. At the interchange with Cedar Road, Highway 19 proceeds to share an alignment with the Trans-Canada Highway south for 2 km (1¼ mi) before turning eastward at another interchange (Duke Point Highway). Highway 19 then crosses over the Nanaimo River 2 km (1¼ mi) later, passes through an interchange at Maughan Rd and then goes northward for 5 km (3 mi), finally terminating at the B.C. Ferry terminal at Duke Point.

The 5 km-long stretch of Highway 19 between Capilano Road and Arlington Road in Nanoose Bay is a single point of failure in Vancouver Island's highway system. If a major incident resulted in the total closure of any part of that stretch of road, traffic travelling between the north Island and the south Island would have to take a very long detour involving no less than four separate ferry routes.

Major intersections[edit]

From south to north:

Regional district Location km[2] mi Exit Destinations Notes
Nanaimo Duke Point
(Nanaimo)
0.00 0.00 Duke Point ferry terminal – BC Ferries to Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal (BC 17 east)
0.27 0.17 (0) private road – Harmac Sawmill At grade, traffic signals; no westbound exit
1.92 1.19 (2) Maughan Road – Biggs Park, Jack Point At grade; no westbound entrance
Cedar 4.26 2.65 (4) Maughan Road – Duke Point Industrial Park Interchange; eastbound exit, westbound entrance
Nanaimo 8.03 4.99 7 BC 1 south – Airport (YCD), Victoria Duke Point Interchange
BC 19 branches north; south end of BC 1 concurrency
9.97 6.20 9 BC 1 north / Cedar Road – Departure Bay, City Centre, Vancouver Grade separated; left-side exit; north end of BC 1 concurrency
South end of Nanaimo Parkway segment
16.49 10.25 16 College Drive, Fifth Street – Vancouver Island University At-grade intersection, signalized
18.45 11.46 18 Jingle Pot Road At-grade intersection, signalized
21.34 13.26 21 Northfield Road At-grade intersection, signalized
24.55 15.25 24 Jingle Pot Road, Mostar Road At-grade intersection, signalized
28.17 17.50 28 Aulds Road At-grade intersection, signalized
28.60 17.77 (28B) Mary Ellen Drive Northbound right-in/right-out; northbound access to BC 19A
29.11 18.09 29 BC 19A south (Business Route) to BC 1 – Departure Bay, Vancouver Southbound only; jughandle intersection; signalized
North end of Nanaimo Parkway segment
Lantzville 30.56 18.99 (30) Ware Road At-grade intersection, signalized
32.38 20.12 (32) Superior Road At-grade intersection, signalized
33.96 21.10 (34) Lantzville Road
Nanoose Bay 40.00 24.85 (39) Northwest Bay Road At-grade intersection, signalized
40.33 25.06 (40) Morello Road At-grade intersection, signalized
44.39 27.58 (44) Northwest Bay Logging Road At-grade intersection, signalized
Parksville 46.19 28.70 46 BC 19A north (Oceanside Route) Craig's Crossing Interchange
South end of Inland Island Highway
51.75 32.16 51 BC 4A west / Alberni Highway – Coombs Allsbrook Interchange
Qualicum Beach 60.71 37.72 60 BC 4 west / Memorial Avenue – Port Alberni Hilliers Interchange
75.15 46.70 75 Horne Lake Road – Qualicum Bay, Bowser At-grade intersection, signalized
Comox Valley 87.25 54.21 87 Cook Creek Road – Deep Bay, Fanny Bay At-grade intersection, signalized
101.08 62.81 101 Buckley Bay Road – Buckley Bay, Union Bay, Royston Interchange; access to Denman Island/Hornby Island ferry
Cumberland 117.80 73.20 117  Comox Valley Parkway – Courtenay, Comox, CFB Comox, Ferries Interchange; access to Powell River via ferry
127.27 79.08 127 Piercy Road – Courtenay, Comox At-grade intersection, signalized
130.88 81.33 130 Dove Creek Road, Strathcona Parkway – Mount Washington At-grade intersection, signalized
144.10 89.54 144 Hamm Road – Black Creek At-grade intersection, signalized
Strathcona 153.76 95.54 (154) Cranberry Lane At-grade intersection, signalized
Campbell River 161.36 100.26 161 Jubilee Parkway – Airport (YBL) At-grade intersection, signalized
167.96 104.37 167 Willis Road At-grade intersection, signalized
169.75 105.48 South end of one-way pair; northbound lanes become Tamarac Street, southbound lanes become Willow Street
169.98 105.62 14th Avenue At-grade intersections, signalized
170.43 105.90 BC 28 west / BC 19A south (Oceanside Route) – Gold River, City Centre, Quadra Island At-grade intersections, signalized
North end of Inland Island Highway
170.98 106.24 Crosses the Campbell River
171.06 106.29 North end of one-way pair
171.13 106.34 Woodburn Road At-grade intersection, signalized
171.81 106.76 Coulter Road At-grade intersection, signalized
234.24 145.55 Sayward Road – Sayward
Mount Waddington 299.71 186.23 Englewood Drive – Woss
234.24 145.55 Beaver Cove Road – Telegraph Cove
Port McNeill 241.49 150.05 Campbell Way – Alert Bay, Sointula
355.89 221.14 BC 30 west – Port Alice
Port Hardy 372.18 231.26 Campbell Way – Port Hardy (townsite) BC 19 branches right; Douglas Street is unofficially considered an alternate route of BC 19
376.83 234.15 Bear Cove Ferry Terminal – BC Ferries to Central Coast and Prince Rupert
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
() - Exit not officially numbered

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hansard extract". July 26, 1979. 
  2. ^ Landmark Kilometre Inventory (PDF). British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure (Report). Cypher Consulting. July 2016. pp. 285–305. 

External links[edit]