British Motor Syndicate
The British Motor Syndicate (BMS) was an automobile company formed in November 1895 by entrepreneur and fraudster Harry Lawson. His aim was to establish a monopoly on petrol-driven cars by acquiring as many patents related to such vehicles as he could, from the original German Daimler company and other sources. The company did not intend to produce motor cars, but rather to exploit its patents by charging substantial royalties to automobile manufacturers for the right to manufacture them.
Lawson's plan had a dampening effect on the fledgling British automobile industry. Herbert Austin, for instance, abandoned the development of his first Wolseley because of its too close similarity to a vehicle the patent for which was owned by the BMS. But the company ultimately failed, most obviously because of a 1901 court decision that gutted its business model, by which time rapid improvements in technology had made the company's patents obsolete in any case.
Directors on flotation November 1896:
- Harry J. Lawson, President Motor Car Club, Founder Safety Bicycle Industry, Chairman of directors Beeston Pneumatic Tyre Company Limited
- Prince Ranjitsinhji, Owner Indian Patents
- Herbert H Mulliner, Director of: Coupé and Dunlop Brougham Company Limited, London Electrical Cab Company Limited
- Thomas Humber, Founder Humber Cycle Company
- Thomas Robinson, Director Great Horseless Carriage Company Limited
- Lord Norreys President of the Road and Path Cycling Association
- Beasley, David (1997), Who Really Invented the Automobile, David Beasley, ISBN 978-0-915317-08-0
- Peck, James Foreman (2002), "The Balance of Technological Transfers 1870–1914", in Dintenfass, Michael; Dormois, Jean-Pierre, The British Industrial Decline, Routledge, pp. 114–138, ISBN 978-0-203-44905-9
- Lewchuk, Wayne (1987), American technology and the British vehicle industry, CUP Archive, ISBN 978-0-521-30269-2
- Richardson, Kenneth; O'Gallagher, C. N. (1978), The British Motor Industry, 1896–1939, Archon Books, ISBN 978-0-208-01697-3
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