British National Party
|British National Party|
|Newspaper||Voice of Freedom|
|Youth wing||Resistance (YBNP)|
Estimated as low as 500 in 2015[note 1]4,220 Self-reported in 2013[note 2]
|European affiliation||Alliance of European National Movements|
Red, white and blue
|House of Commons||
0 / 650
0 / 73
|Local government ||
2 / 21,871
0 / 25
|Police & Crime Commissioners||
0 / 41
|Politics of the United Kingdom
The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right British nationalist political party in the United Kingdom. The party was formed by John Tyndall in 1982 from the merging of several political parties, and from 1999 to 2014 was led by Nick Griffin. It advocates "voluntary resettlement whereby immigrants and their descendants are afforded the opportunity to return to their lands of ethnic origin." In July 2014, Griffin stepped down as chairman and was replaced with an acting chairman, Adam Walker, a BNP activist from Spennymoor, England, and a former teacher who was banned from the profession for life.
As well as anti-immigration policies, the party advocates the reintroduction of capital punishment and opposes same-sex marriage, multiculturalism and what it perceives as the Islamification of the UK.
The party's ideology has been described as fascist or neo-fascist by political scientists and commentators, though the party denies this. High-profile groups and people including The Royal British Legion and David Cameron have criticised the BNP, and members of certain occupations are prohibited from joining it. The BNP restricted membership to "indigenous British" people until a 2010 legal challenge to its constitution.
An electoral breakthrough in 2008-2009 led to the BNP holding over fifty local council seats, forming the official opposition on Barking and Dagenham Council, winning a seat in the London Assembly and having leader Nick Griffin and Andrew Brons elected as Members of the European Parliament (MEP) in the North West and Yorkshire and Humber regions respectively.
After failing to secure a seat at the 2010 general election, the BNP has declined in membership and a number of breakaway groups have been formed. In 2014, Griffin lost his MEP seat and the party all but two of its councillors. The party stood eight candidates in the 2015 general election, a reduction of 330 from 2010, and received less than two thousand votes.
- 1 History
- 2 Policies
- 3 Controversies
- 4 Structure
- 5 Electoral performance
- 6 Legal issues
- 7 Opposition
- 8 Online presence
- 9 Affiliated organisations
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Early years: 1982–1992
After a poor showing at the 1979 general election, internal factional division heightened within the NF, culminating in chairman John Tyndall leaving the party in 1980, and founding the New National Front, which became the BNP two years later. The formation of the BNP absorbed the membership of the British Democratic Party, Constitutional Movement and several members of the disintegrating British Movement were allowed to join.
In 1983, Tyndall sought to make an electoral impact by fielding 53 candidates in the 1983 general election, which guaranteed a free party broadcast, but all of the BNP's candidates combined—including Tyndall and his wife Valerie—achieved only 14,621 votes and as a result they lost all of their deposits. Tyndall claimed that the party attracted 3,000 enquiries for membership after the 1983 general election. However, despite an increase in media exposure, the BNP continued to poll very low in council elections. In 1986, Tyndall and John Morse were imprisoned for inciting racial hatred. The party almost ceased its electoral activity in the late 1980s.
Millwall and setback: 1993–1998
After the 1997 general election, the BNP once again suffered a setback. At local elections in May 1998, the BNP fielded five more candidates than in 1994 but its average vote fell from just over 13% to 3.28%. In Tower Hamlets, where it once had considerable support boosted by Beackon's Millwall victory, its average share of the poll slumped by almost half.
Griffin modernisation: 1999–2007
In October 1999, Nick Griffin stood against Tyndall for leadership of the party. After Griffin won he began modernising the BNP's image by removing what he perceived as "careless extremist" elements and undertaking an "ideological revamp" for the next general election, spurred on in part, by the electoral gains achieved by Jean-Marie Le Pen's Front National of France, and Jörg Haider's Freedom Party of Austria.
Griffin founded a new monthly newspaper, The Voice of Freedom, and a journal, Identity.
During the 2001 local elections, the BNP secured three seats on Burnley Council. At local level, the BNP continued to improve on its electoral results in 2002–03, gaining council seats in Blackburn, Calderdale and five more councillors in Burnley despite an extensive opposition campaign. This success led to a large number of the National Democrats party members, including Simon Darby and Martin Wingfield, defecting to the British National Party from 1999 to 2003.
After the 2004 elections, the BBC and Searchlight created a documentary called The Secret Agent, featuring Jason Gwynne infiltrating the BNP. In it, Griffin and Mark Collett made comments critical of Islam. Following the documentary, Barclays Bank froze the party's accounts. Collett and Griffin were acquitted on charges of incitement to racial hatred in 2006. The BNP branded the BBC "cockroaches." Following the 7 July 2005 London bombings, the BNP released fliers with the slogan, "Maybe now it's time to start listening to the BNP." Griffin claimed that this was the "cost of voting Labour", attacking the government for bringing the United Kingdom into an "illegal" Iraq War and for its immigration policies. Large gains were made in the 2006 local elections, where the BNP more than doubled its number of councillors and became the second party on the Barking and Dagenham council. The BNP was investigated by the Electoral Commission in 2007, after The Guardian revealed that it had set up a front organisation to raise money from sympathisers in the United States.
Electoral breakthrough: 2008–2009
In 2008, Richard Barnbrook secured a seat for the BNP on the London Assembly after getting 5.3% (130,714 votes). In the following 2009 European elections the British National Party won two seats in the European Parliament. Griffin stated that it was "a great victory, we go on from here." Meanwhile, the Labour and Conservative parties both referred to it as a "sad moment". In local elections held the same day, the BNP also won its first three county council seats in Lancashire, Leicestershire and Hertfordshire. The party's electoral breakthrough was widely reported in the British media.
Matthew Goodwin in his article "The BNP's breakthrough" notes that the British National Party was able to capitalise on widespread public anxiety over immigration. Also in light of the expenses scandal, there was media speculation that the BNP could do well in the polls (having also campaigned on a Punish the Pigs anti-expense platform) as voters sought an alternative party to register their protest.
In October 2009, Nick Griffin appeared on the BBC's Question Time, amid significant public controversy. The BBC received 243 complaints of bias against Griffin, and 116 for allowing him to appear at all.
Electoral peak and subsequent decline: 2010–2015
The British National Party in the 2010 general election fielded a record 338 candidates, polling 563,743 votes, but won no seats. Nick Griffin came third in the Barking constituency, where the party the same year in the local elections lost all of the 12 councillors it held on the borough. In aftermath of the elections, the party suffered from infighting over concerns regarding finances and Griffin's leadership. This led to a breakaway group called the British Freedom Party. However the BFP later de-registered as a political party. A leadership election took place in 2011. Griffin secured a narrow victory, beating Brons by nine votes of a total of 2,316 votes cast.
In October 2012, Brons left the party, leaving Griffin as its sole MEP. In the 2012 and 2013 local elections, the BNP won no council seats and witnessed a large drop in terms of their average vote.
In June 2013, Griffin visited Syria on a "peace mission" along with members of Jobbik to meet with the Speaker of the Syrian People's Assembly, Mohammad Jihad al-Laham, the Prime Minister Wael Nader al-Halqi, among other government officials. Griffin claims he was influential in the speaker of Syria's Parliament writing an open letter to British MPs urging them to "turn Great Britain from the warpath" by not intervening in the Syrian conflict.
Nick Griffin lost his European Parliament seat in the May 2014 European election. Two months later, in July, Griffin lost a leadership contest and was succeeded by Adam Walker as acting chairman. In October, Griffin was expelled for the party owing to disparaging remarks he made to a fellow member.
|Part of a series on|
Party literature published by the BNP commonly cites the fact that Britain is the second most densely populated country in Europe, and that White British as an ethnic group are a minority demographically in London, Leicester and Luton. The BNP argue that these areas in England have been "ethnically cleansed" and that "to ensure that we do not become a minority in our own homeland... we call for an immediate halt to all further immigration".
The party allows for what it calls "exceptional [controlled] immigration", but only on an extremely limited basis. For example Nick Griffin has argued that: "If you are talking about Polish plumbers or Afghan refugees, the doors are going to be shut, because Britain is full" but that if Britain needed a physicist, say from Japan, "to help with the UK's nuclear programme" the party would make an exception on an individual level.
The BNP's policy on illegal immigrants is to deport them, while closing the doors to asylum seekers which they regard as "bogus" since: "international law provides that such persons must be given – and must seek – refuge in the nearest safe country. So, unless a flood of refugees from a civil war in France or Denmark shows up on our shores, these refugees are simply not Britain’s responsibility and have no right to refuge here".
In regards to legal immigrants settled in UK, the BNP "recognises the right of legally settled and law-abiding minorities to remain in the UK and enjoy the full protection of the law, on the understanding that the indigenous population of Britain has the right to remain the majority population of our nation". It offers however voluntary repatriation with "generous financial incentives" to "immigrants and their descendants...to return to their lands of ethnic origin".
The BNP maintains a policy of protectionism and economic nationalism, although in comparison with other far-right nationalist parties, the BNP focuses less on corporatism. The party wish to move towards a greater national self-sufficiency and demands an immediate withdrawal from the European Union. It has advocated ending overseas aid to provide economic support within the UK and to finance the voluntary repatriation of legal immigrants.
It has called for British ownership of its own industries and resources and the "subordination of the power of the City to the power of the government". It has promoted the regeneration of farming in the United Kingdom, with the object of achieving maximum self-sufficiency in food production. In 2002, the party criticised corporatism as a "mixture of big capitalism and state control", saying it favoured a "distributionist tradition established by home-grown thinkers" favouring small business.
In its 2005 and 2010 manifesto, the BNP opposed "globalism, international socialism, laissez-faire capitalism and economic liberalism". The BNP rejects the notion of Thatcherism and "submitting to the dictates of the international marketplace" which "has no loyalty to this country". The BNP has claimed that it is possible for a national economy to thrive outside of the laissez-faire model, pointing to 21st century examples such as Japan, South Korea and Singapore.
The BNP claims that, while immigration increases the aggregate GNP by providing cheap labour, it decreases the per-capita GNP, which the BNP claims is most representative of the economic well-being of British people.
Other key BNP declarations on crime include: "abolishing political correctness from the police service in favour of real crime fighting" and to "establish a penal station for hardened and repeat criminals on the British island of South Georgia".
The party is opposed to new mosques being built in UK, as well as halal and kosher ritual slaughter. Nick Griffin has worked with extremists from Sikh and Hindu communities in Britain on anti-Muslim campaigns.
The BNP is opposed to same sex marriage and proposes that homosexuality should be returned "to the closet". It claims to support traditional family values and encourage the teaching of British folk traditions.
BNP policy pledges to protect freedom of speech, while repealing the 1998 Human Rights Act and withdraw from the European Convention on Human Rights.
The party website calls to ban "ID cards, intrusive surveillance and the retention of DNA samples of the innocent".
The BNP says it is "committed to a free, fully funded National Health Service for all British citizens".
The British National Party claimed in its 2005 manifesto to be the "only true 'Green Party'" in Britain since:
"Only the BNP intends to end mass immigration into Britain and thereby remove at a stroke the need for an extra 4 million homes in the green belts of the South East and elsewhere, which are required to house the influx of 5 million immigrants expected to enter the country under present trends over the next twenty years."
The British National Party since its foundation has been described as fascist by political scholars, tabloid newspapers, the BBC and leading politicians including David Cameron. Nick Griffin however claims that his modernisation of the party removed "extremist" elements. Further, Griffin argues that while Tyndall's BNP had it ideological roots "in the sub-Mosleyite wackiness of Arnold Leese's Imperial Fascist League" there is "a huge gulf between this totalitarian approach and the modernist approach of the new BNP" which rejects fascism. According to political scholars who have analysed the BNP's 2005 and 2010 general election manifesto, the party signifies a "fascism recalibration" rather than a break with it, despite Griffin introducing right wing populism. It is argued that the BNP attempts to hide its fascist politics to attract popular support. The BNP continues to deny that it is fascist and claims that such accusations are "a smear that comes from the far left" to discourage people from voting BNP.
Under the leadership of John Tyndall, the party was openly racist. Griffin in 2001 denounced the party's former views on race arguing that "The BNP is no longer a genuine white racial nationalist party", calling the party's new ideology ethno-nationalism based on "concern for the well-being of the English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish ethnic nations that compose the United Kingdom" and that "unlike racial nationalist purists, we would be opposed to the arrival at Dover of several million German or Swedish immigrants".
According to Matthew Goodwin: "Ideologically, Grifﬁn's BNP has modiﬁed its exoteric appeals, moderating its discourse on race and immigration, and adopting more voter-friendly themes such as 'Democracy', 'Identity', 'Freedom' and 'Security'. Under Grifﬁn, the party downplayed the anti-black racism and conspiratorial antisemitism that characterised its predecessors in favour of so-called 'differentialist racism', based on the "ethnopluralist" doctrine, stating for example: "The BNP does not claim that any one race is superior to any other, simply that they are different." Another study points out that under Griffin's modernisation of the party: "Although race still figures, it does so less prominently and it no longer forms the premise of their nationalist agenda which gradually and increasingly comprises [sic] of civic values such as liberal sovereignty and the rule of law." Speaking on the BBC's Andrew Marr Show in 2009, Nick Griffin declared that, unlike Tyndall, he "does not want all-white UK" because "nobody out there wants it or would pay for it".
The party is still accused of racism since it only regards people of White British ethnicity to be British:
BNP activists and writers should never refer to ‘black Britons’ or ‘Asian Britons’ etc, for the simple reason that such persons do not exist. These people are ‘black residents’ of the UK etc, and are no more British than an Englishman living in Hong Kong is Chinese.
The British National Party recognises pro-British members of assimilated minorities as British in a civic sense but we absolutely reject the poisonous, politically correct, anti-indigenous fiction that they are English, or Scottish, or Welsh, or Irish. They may well be very decent people, but if any of us went to Nigeria or Afghanistan, no-one would dream of pretending that we were Nigerians or Afghans.
In 2010, following legal action by the Equality and Human Rights Commission, the party changed its constitution which had restricted membership to "indigenous British" people. When the party changed its constitution on membership which allowed ethnic minorities to join, a 78-year-old Sikh, Rajinder Singh, became the first Asian member.
The party accepts mixed-race relationships, but argues they are not normal. The BNP supported the controversial University of Leeds lecturer Dr Frank Ellis, who was suspended after stating that the Bell Curve theory "has demonstrated to me beyond any reasonable doubt there is a persistent gap in average black and white average intelligence".
On 17 May 2009, The Daily Telegraph wrote that the BNP's leader, Nick Griffin, had branded Lance Corporal Johnson Beharry, a black recipient of the Victoria Cross, an "immigrant" whose bravery was simply "routine". The Telegraph quoted the BNP website as calling Beharry's award of the Victoria Cross "positive discrimination by the PC-mad government". Beharry was awarded the Victoria Cross in 2005 for action in Iraq, when he returned to his burning armoured personnel carrier three times, under sustained enemy fire, to lift his wounded comrades from the vehicle. The BNP claimed: "All he did was drive away very fast from a combat zone."
Anti-Muslim prejudice and anti-Semitism
The party states that it "has moved on in recent years, casting off the leg-irons of conspiracy theories and the thinly veiled anti-semitism which has held this party back for two decades. The real enemies of the British people are home grown Anglo-Saxon Celtic liberal-leftists ... and the Crescent Horde—the endless wave of Islamics who are flocking to our shores to bring our island nations into the embrace of their barbaric desert religion".
Consequently, the party has shifted allegiance in conflicts involving Israel. In 2009, Griffin stated: "I have brought the British National party from the frankly an anti-semitic and racist organisation, into the only party which in the clashes between Israel and Gaza supported Israel's right to deal with Hamas terrorists." Griffin has said that this shift in emphasis is designed to increase the party's appeal: "We should be positioning ourselves to take advantage for our own political ends of the growing wave of public hostility to Islam currently being whipped up by the mass media".
The party summarised its position on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by stating that "the BNP supports the right of Israel to be Jewish. This ethno-nationalist concept is at the heart of the party's desire to keep Britain British. The BNP also supports the rights of the Palestinians to their own state, and argues that a two-state solution is the only obvious, fair and reasonable solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict." The BNP has more recently expressed views that could be construed as critical of Israel, which some have interpreted as an abandonment of the party's move towards moderation. In April 2013, the BNP declared that it believes Israel to be "an aggressive military power that treats the Palestinians as less than human" and expressed the view that Palestinians are "prisoners in their own country" and "strangers in their own land".
The BNP is opposed to same-sex marriage and wishes to ban what it perceives as the promotion of homosexuality in schools and the media. It proposes that homosexuality should be returned "to the closet". BNP spokesman Phil Edwards stated that homosexuality "is unnatural" and "does not lead to procreation but does lead to moral turpitude and disease".
In 2009 Nick Griffin said that: "a lot of people find the sight of two grown men kissing in public really creepy. I understand that homosexuals don't understand that but that's how a lot of us feel." In 2014, he said of the campaign for same-sex marriage and Russia's ban on the institution:
Same-sex marriage isn't about rights of gay people. It's fundamentally an attack by a Trotskyite Leftist and capitalist elite which wants the pink pound and the pink dollar. It's an attack on marriage. It's an attack on tradition. It's an attack on the fabric of our society. ... Teach them about homosexuality? That's not in any way for the rights of homosexuals. That's some dirty pervert trying to mess with the minds of my kids and I think it's great that a major European power has stood up and said: Leave our kids alone!
It has been claimed that the BNP is opposed to allowing British Army Gurkhas the right of settlement in the United Kingdom. In 2009, Nick Griffin said: "We don't think the most overcrowded country in Europe, can realistically say, 'Look, you can all come and all your relatives'... When the Gurkhas signed up—frankly as mercenaries—they expected a pension which would allow them to live well in their own country". Later, he said that if he could swap "100,000 members of the Muslim community, who say that they support al Qaeda" for the Gurkhas it "would be a good exchange". Nick Griffin has described the commentary about his party's policies on the Gurkhas as "lies", stating the party has "never before even debated this issue". He added, "... A BNP government would look far more sympathetically on the plight of the Gurkhas than the current Labour government."
The chairman of the BNP has final say in all policy matters. Fifteen further members of the party leadership have responsibility for various areas of its operations. These executive positions work alongside an Advisory Council, the party's senior policy body, which meets at least three times a year. Its role is to "inspect the party's accounts, ensuring proper conduct of the party's finances, and to act as a forum for the party's leadership to discuss vital issues and carve out the party's agenda".
The party is organised into 12 regions, based upon the UK European Parliament constituencies, each with an organiser. The party organises four groups that deal with specific areas of activity—Land and People (rural affairs), Pensioners' Awareness Group, the Friends of European Nationalism (a New Zealand-based organisation) and the Ethnic Liaison Committee, which co-ordinates work with non-whites.
The BNP has contested seats in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Research from Robert Ford and Matthew Goodwin shows that BNP support is concentrated among older and less educated working-class men living in the declining industrial towns of the North and Midlands regions, in contrast to previous significant far-right parties like the National Front, which drew support from a younger demographic.
The British National Party has contested general elections since 1983.
|Year||Number of Candidates||Number of MPs||Percentage of vote||Total votes||Change (percentage points)||Average votes per candidate|
The BNP in the 2001 general election saved 5 deposits (out of 33 contested seats) and secured its best general election result in Oldham West and Royton (which had recently been the scene of racially motivated rioting between white and Asian youths) where party leader Nick Griffin secured 16% of the vote.
The 2005 general election was considered a major breakthrough by the BNP, as they picked up 192,746 votes in the 119 constituencies it contested, took a 0.7% share of the overall vote, and retained a deposit in 40 of the seats.
The BNP put forward candidates for 338 out of 650 seats for the 2010 general election gaining 563,743 votes (1.9%), finishing in fifth place and failing to win any seats. However, a record of 73 deposits were saved. Party chairman Griffin came third in the Barking constituency, behind Margaret Hodge of Labour and Simon Marcus of the Conservatives, who were first and second respectively. At 14.6%, this was the BNP's best result in any of the seats it contested that year.
The BNP's first electoral success came in 1993, when Derek Beackon was returned as a councillor in Millwall, London. He lost his seat in elections the following year. The next BNP success in local elections was not until the 2002 local elections, when three BNP candidates gained seats on Burnley council.
London Assembly and Mayor
BNP lead candidate Richard Barnbrook won a seat in the London Assembly in May 2008, after the party gained 5.3% of the London-wide vote. However, in August 2010, he resigned the party whip and became an independent.
The BNP has taken part in European Parliament elections since 1999, when they received 1.13% of the total vote (102,647 votes).
The BNP won two seats in the European Parliament in the 2009 elections. Andrew Brons was elected in the Yorkshire and the Humber regional constituency with 9.8% of the vote. Party chairman Nick Griffin was elected in the North West region, with 8% of the vote. Nationally, the BNP received 6.26%.
|Election year||# of total votes||% of overall vote||# of seats won||Change|
0 / 87
0 / 78
2 / 72
0 / 73
In the 2007 Welsh Assembly elections, the BNP fielded 20 candidates, four in each of the five regional lists, with Nick Griffin standing in the South Wales West region. It did not win any seats, but was the only minor party to have saved deposits in the electoral regions, one in the North Wales region and the other in the South Wales West region. In total the BNP polled 42,197 votes (4.3%).
In the 2011 Welsh Assembly elections, the BNP fielded 20 candidates, four in each of the five regional lists and for the first time 7 candidates were fielded in FPTP constituencies. On the regional lists, the BNP polled 22,610 votes (2.4%), down 1.9% from 2007. In 2 out of the 7 FPTP constituencies contested the BNP saved desposits: (Swansea East and Islwyn).
In the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, the party fielded 32 candidates, entitling it to public funding and an election broadcast, prompting criticism. The BNP received 24,616 votes (1.2%), no seats were won, nor were any deposits saved.
Northern Ireland Assembly
The BNP fielded 3 candidates for the first time in three constituencies each in the 2011 Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly elections (Belfast East, East Antrim and South Antrim). 1,252 votes were polled (0.2%), winning no seats for the party.
Claims of repression of free speech
The BNP says that National Union of Journalists guidelines on reporting "far right" organisations forbid unionised journalists from reporting uncritically on the party. In April 2007, an election broadcast was cancelled by BBC Radio Wales whose lawyers believed that the broadcast was defamatory of the Chief Constable of North Wales Police, Richard Brunstrom. The BNP claimed that BBC editors were following an agenda.
In ASLEF v. United Kingdom, the European Court of Human Rights overturned an employment appeal tribunal ruling that awarded BNP member and train driver Jay Lee damages for expulsion from a trade union. It found that the union was entitled to decide who could be a member, and that the UK was in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights in the way it had treated ASLEF.
Arthur Redfearn was a bus driver whose BNP membership was unknown to his employer, Serco, until he was elected as a councillor. His employer was concerned that he might endanger its contract with a local council to transport vulnerable people of various ethnicities from a day centre and he was dismissed. The Employment Tribunal held that members of racist organisations could lawfully be dismissed on health and safety grounds if there was a danger of violence occurring in the workplace. In November 2012, the European Court of Human Rights made a majority ruling (4 to 3) that in Redfearn's case against the UK government, his rights under Article 11 (free association) had been infringed, but not those under Article 10 (free expression) or Article 14 (discrimination).
Organisations which ban BNP membership
Several organisations prohibit their staff from being members of the BNP. Membership of the BNP, Combat 18 and the National Front by police officers and staff was prohibited by then Home Secretary David Blunkett, following an undercover TV exposure of racism in a police training centre. The Association of Chief Police Officers banned serving police officers joining the BNP in 2004. Greater Manchester Police (GMP) referred to the Independent Police Complaints Commission allegations that GMP employees participated in a BNP rally. After BNP membership lists were leaked on the Internet, a number of police forces investigated officers whose names appeared on the lists.
A ban on BNP membership for prison workers was imposed by Martin Narey, Director of the Prison Service, in 2002. Narey told the BBC that he received hate mail and a death threat as a result. In February 2009, the General Synod of the Church of England voted to ban its clergy from joining the BNP. In 2010 Education Secretary Michael Gove pledged to allow head teachers to dismiss employees who are members of the BNP, saying that "I don't believe that membership of the BNP is compatible with being a teacher... allow headteachers and governing bodies the powers and confidence to be able to dismiss teachers engaging in extremist activity."
Association with violence
John Hagan claims that the BNP has conducted right-wing extremist violence to gain "institutionalized power". Critics of the BNP, such as Human Rights Watch in a 1997 report, have asserted that the party recruits from skinhead groups and that it promotes racist violence.
In the past, Nick Griffin has defended the threat of violence to further the party's aims. In 1986, when Griffin was Deputy Chairman of the NF, he advised his audience at an anti-IRA rally to use the "traditional British methods of the brick, the boot and the fist." After the BNP won its first council seat in 1993, he wrote that the BNP should not be a "postmodernist rightist party" but "a strong, disciplined organisation with the ability to back up its slogan 'Defend Rights for Whites' with well-directed boots and fists. When the crunch comes, power is the product of force and will, not of rational debate". In 1997 he said: "It is more important to control the streets of a city than its council chambers."
- John Tyndall had convictions for assault and organising paramilitary neo-Nazi activities. In 1986 he was jailed for conspiracy to publish material likely to incite racial hatred.
- In 1998, Nick Griffin was convicted of violating section 19 of the Public Order Act 1986, relating to incitement to racial hatred. He received a nine-month prison sentence, suspended for two years, and was fined £2,300.
- Joseph Owens served eight months in prison for sending razor blades in the post to Jewish people and another term for carrying CS gas and knuckledusters.
- Colin Smith, who in 2004 was the BNP's South East London organiser, has 17 convictions for burglary, theft, possession of drugs and assaulting a police officer.
- Richard Edmonds, at the time BNP National Organiser, was sentenced to three months in prison in 1994 for his part in a racist attack. Edmonds threw a glass at the victim as he was walking past an East London pub where a group of BNP supporters was drinking. Others then 'glassed' the man in the face and punched and kicked him as he lay on the ground, including BNP supporter Stephen O'Shea, who was jailed for 12 months. Another BNP supporter, Simon Biggs, was jailed for four and a half years for his part in the attack.
Tony Lecomber cases
Tony Lecomber was imprisoned for three years for possessing explosives, after a nail bomb exploded while he was carrying it to the offices of the Workers' Revolutionary Party in 1985. He was imprisoned for three years in 1991 whilst serving as the BNP's Director of Propaganda for assaulting a Jewish teacher.
Robert Cottage case
In 2007, Robert Cottage, a former BNP council candidate, was sentenced to two and a half years for possession of explosives but a conspiracy charge against him was withdrawn after two juries had been unable to reach a verdict. The prosecution claimed that Cottage had plans to assassinate Tony Blair and Liberal Democrat peer Lord Greaves. The chemicals recovered by police are believed to be the largest explosives haul ever found at a house in Britain.
2008 membership list leak
On 18 November 2008, a list of over 10,000 BNP members was published by Wikileaks in breach of a court injunction. This included names, addresses and other personal details. People on the list included prison officers (barred from BNP membership), teachers, soldiers, civil servants and members of the clergy.
Nick Griffin claimed that any party member dismissed from employment would be able to receive substantial compensation. The BNP advised those named on the list to deny their membership and said that they would confirm that in writing if required. The BNP claimed it contained the names of persons who had never been members of the BNP. The BNP's Lee Barnes claimed that the list was false.
People affected by the disclosure included a DJ, Rod Lucas, who was dropped by the Talksport radio station. He said: "I am an investigative radio journalist and am a member of over 20 political parties and pressure groups ... It doesn't necessarily mean I agree with their views." A drama teacher at a prep school whose name was found on the list had been dismissed from a previous position as a result of her BNP membership.
Following an investigation by Welsh police and the Information Commissioner's Office, two people were arrested in December 2008 for breach of the Data Protection Act concerning the leak. Matthew Single was subsequently found guilty and fined £200. The fine was criticised as an "absolute disgrace" by a BNP spokesman and a detective sergeant involved said he was "disappointed" with the outcome.
Equality and Human Rights Commission
The Equality and Human Rights Commission sent the BNP a letter in 2009, ahead of legal action, setting out concerns about the BNP's constitution and membership criteria. It alleged that the BNP's constitution restricting membership to white people was unlawful under the Race Relations Act. The BNP chose to fight this opinion in the High Court. The Commission issued county court proceedings against party leader Nick Griffin and two other officials.
The conclusion of the case in October 2009 saw costs awarded against the BNP. The BNP stated that Griffin was "required in Brussels" on that day. Griffin had written to BNP members preparing to concede the case because it would be too expensive to fight and would "strip the party of the ability to fight the next general election". Griffin subsequently announced that he would ask BNP members to accept the court's decision and allow non-whites to join the party, claiming that this action "outflanked" the EHRC. The BNP anticipated that its members would accept the change on financial grounds.
The BNP agreed to suspend further membership applications until an Extraordinary General Meeting in January 2010 confirming changes to the constitution. The case was adjourned to ensure compliance. As a result of the case, the Secretary of State for Wales, Peter Hain protested against the BBC's inclusion of Griffin on the Question Time programme, claiming the court case meant the BNP was "an unlawful body". Shami Chakrabarti, director of Liberty, said: "A shiny new constitution does not a democratic party make. It would be a pyrrhic victory, to say the least, if anyone thought that giving the BNP a facelift would make the slightest difference to a body with so much racism and hatred pumping through its veins."
The courts declared that the new constitution still breached equality laws and was still indirectly discriminatory. Judge Paul Collins ordered the BNP to pay costs and said its membership list must remain "closed" until it complied with race relations laws. The BNP claimed that it had a waiting list of black and Asian people and wanted more applications from ethnic minorities.
In November 2010, the BNP leadership was accused of lying over the matter by the EHRC who claimed that the offending passage had not been removed but merely altered. In a subsequent hearing the BNP leadership was found not guilty of the contempt of court. The EHRC said: "Eighteen months and seven court hearings later Mr Griffin has finally amended the constitution to bring it in line with what the Commission had originally requested." Griffin said: "This is a great day, because the British National Party has won a spectacular David and Goliath victory".
Amongst the most visible and vocal opponents of the BNP are Unite Against Fascism (UAF) and the magazine Searchlight. High-ranking politicians from each of the main parties have, at various times, called for their own supporters to vote for anyone but the BNP. In 2008, then Prime Minister Gordon Brown stated: "Londoners and the rest of the British people know that backing the BNP is totally at odds with what it really means to be British—and the great British values the rest of us share, such as democracy and decency, freedom and fairness, tolerance and equality." The British Government announced in 2009 that the BNP's two MEPs would be denied some of the access and information afforded to other MEPs. The BNP would be subject to the "same general principles governing official impartiality" and they would receive "standard written briefings as appropriate from time to time", but diplomats would not be "proactive" in dealing with the BNP MEPs and that any requests for policy briefings from them would be treated differently and on a discretionary basis.
Some opponents of fascism call for no coverage to be given to groups or individuals enunciating what they describe as "hate speech". The "No Platform" stance is to deny perceived fascist hate speech any sort of publicity. The policy is most commonly associated with university student unions and debating societies, but has also resulted in BNP candidates being banned from speaking at various hustings meetings around the country. In 2005, an invitation to Nick Griffin by the University of St Andrews Union Debating Society to participate in a debate on multiculturalism was withdrawn after protests.
Veterans and Second World War
In June 2009, the Royal British Legion wrote to Griffin privately to ask him to stop wearing their poppy symbol. After he refused and wore the badge at campaign events and on the party's televised election broadcast, the Legion said in an open letter: "True valour deserves respect regardless of a person's ethnic origin, and everyone who serves or has served their country deserves nothing less ... [our national chairman] appealed to your sense of honour. But you have responded by continuing to wear the poppy. So now we're no longer asking you privately. Stop it, Mr Griffin. Just stop it." In September 2009, the Legion accepted a donation which it had initially rejected from BNP member Rachel Firth. Firth had spent 24 hours raising the money, half of which was given to the Legion and the other half to the BNP. The Legion said that Firth had assured them that the donation would not be exploited politically although the story was later "splashed across" the BNP's website. BNP spokesman Simon Darby denied that the party exploited the story.
Winston Churchill's family has criticised the BNP after the party used his image and quotes from one of his speeches in its campaign. Churchill's grandson, Nicholas Soames, described the BNP as "monstrous" and said its use of Churchill was "offensive and disgusting".
The BNP was also caught up in a dispute with the 1940s singer Vera Lynn after she objected to the party selling copies of her White Cliffs of Dover CD on its website to fund its European election campaign.
In the wake of the murder of Lee Rigby, there were protests and counter-protests between BNP supporters and Unite Against Fascism campaigners in London. 58 people were arrested, all UAF protesters, and at least one man, a BNP activist, was injured.
In September 2007, The Daily Telegraph newspaper reported that Hitwise, the online competitive intelligence service, said that the BNP website had more hits than any other website of a British political party. In 2009, the party's website came under fire after it was revealed that much of the merchandise it sold was made in Honduras, contrary to the party's pledge of "British Jobs for British Workers".
- The short-lived American Friends of the British National Party gave financial assistance to the BNP from American supporters, and facilitated contact between far-right figures in both countries.
- The Trafalgar Club is a dinner club for BNP supporters that does not require BNP membership.
- Albion Life Insurance was set up in September 2006 as an insurance brokerage company established on behalf of the BNP to raise funds for its activities. The firm ceased to operate in November 2006.
- The BNP obtains some of its funding from the sale of books and heraldic or Norse jewellery. The merchandising arm of the British National Party is the Excalibur brand.
- ProFam was launched in 2012, as a resource for communities to make a stand against Muslim and Asian grooming gangs against vulnerable children
- Solidarity – The Union for British Workers in 2007 had 100,000 leaflets distributed by the BNP.
- The Christian Council of Britain was set up by BNP members and supporters to organise Christians "in defence of traditional Christian values". The moderator of the organisation is currently BNP member Reverend Robert West. The CCB has claimed that the Bible justifies its support for the BNP's repatriation policy. The United Reformed Church has said that support for organisations such as the BNP is incompatible with Christianity.
International political contacts
The BNP and the French National Front have co-operated on numerous occasions. Jean-Marie Le Pen visited the UK in 2004 to assist in launching the BNP's European Parliament campaign and Nick Griffin repaid the favour by sending a delegation of BNP officials to the FN's annual 'First of May Joan of Arc parade' in Paris in 2006. The BNP has links with the National Democratic Party of Germany. Griffin addressed an NPD rally in August 2002 headed by Udo Voigt, who Gerhard Schroeder accused of trying to remove immigrants from eastern Germany. In the run-up to the 2004 European Parliament election campaign, Nick Griffin visited Sweden to give the National Democrat party his endorsement.
In London on 16 May 2008, Nick Griffin met leaders of the Hungarian far right party Jobbik to discuss co-operation between the two parties. Griffin spoke at a Jobbik party rally in August 2008. In April 2009, Simon Darby, deputy chairman of the BNP, was welcomed with fascist salutes by members of the Italian nationalist Forza Nuova during a trip to Milan. Darby stated that the BNP would look to form an alliance with France's Front National in the European Parliament,
Breakaway parties and pressure groups
- The New Nationalist Party was formed by Sharon Ebanks on 11 December 2006, and lasted for 12 months.
- In late 2010, the British Freedom Party, was formed by disillusioned members of the BNP, but after failing to submit a legally required annual return to the Electoral Commission by 31 October 2012, the party was deregistered.
- In 2011, Britain First, a campaign group started by the former councillor Paul Golding, fundraiser Jim Dowson and the former South East regional organiser Andy McBride, launched the National People's Party.
- In December 2012, Patria was launched by another group of former BNP activists, led by Ian Johnson.
- On 9 February 2013, former party members including Andrew Brons launched the British Democratic Party.
- An April 2015 article in The Independent estimated the membership may have dropped to 500.
- An April 2009 article in The Guardian, based on analysis of leaked membership data, had given a figure of 11,820,
- The name British National Party had been used in politics by four organisations, most notably by the Mosleyite party which became the English National Association and by a 1960s party initiated by John Bean, which became part of the National Front. Tyndall was a leading member of the 1960s BNP and a founder of the present party.
- Bolton, Doug (15 April 2015). "General Election 2015: The BNP has almost vanished from British politics". The Independent. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- British National Party Statement of Accounts Year Ended 31st December 2013, page 11. Filed with the Electoral Commission (Ref No. ST0009748) on 7 July 2014. (Accessed 3 October 2014)
- Rogers, Simon; O'Connor, Mairead; Willison, Simon (20 October 2009). "BNP membership where you live: constituency by constituency". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
- Renton, David (1 March 2005). "'A day to make history'? The 2004 elections and the British National Party". Patterns of Prejudice 1 (39): 25. doi:10.1080/00313220500045170.
- Copsey, Nigel (2007). "Changing course or changing clothes? Reflections on the ideological evolution of the British National Party 1999–2006". Patterns of Prejudice 41 (1): 61–82. doi:10.1080/00313220601118777.
- Copsey 2004
- Wood, C; Finlay, W. M. L. (December 2008). "British National Party representations of Muslims in the month after the London bombings: Homogeneity, threat, and the conspiracy tradition". British Journal of Social Psychology 47 (4): 707–26. doi:10.1348/014466607X264103. PMID 18070375.
- Golder, M. (2003). "Explaining Variation in the Success of Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe:". Comparative Political Studies 36 (4): 432. doi:10.1177/0010414003251176.
- Evans, Jocelyn A J (2005). "The Dynamics of Social Change in Radical Right-wing Populist Party Support". Comparative European Politics 3: 76. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110050.
- Bonnett, Alastair (1998). "How the British Working Class Became White: The Symbolic (Re)formation of Racialized Capitalism". Journal of Historical Sociology 11 (3): 316. doi:10.1111/1467-6443.00066.
- Back, Les; Keith, Michael; Khan, Azra; Shukra, Kalbir; Solomos, John (2002). "New Labour's White Heart: Politics, Multiculturalism and the Return of Assimilation". The Political Quarterly 73 (4): 445. doi:10.1111/1467-923X.00499.
- Gerstenfeld, Phyllis B.; Grant, Diana R.; Chiang, Chau-Pu (2003). "Hate Online: A Content Analysis of Extremist Internet Sites". Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy 3: 29. doi:10.1111/j.1530-2415.2003.00013.x.
- Woodbridge, Steven (2011). "Ambivalent admiration? The response of other extreme-right groups to the rise of the BNP". In: Copsey, Nigel and Macklin, Graham, (eds.) British National Party: Contemporary Perspectives. Abingdon, U.K. : Routledge. p. 116: "Defense of 'race and nation' can still act as a major litmus test of a leader's credibility for many far-right activists, and, since 1999, BNP leader Griffin has been increasingly viewed as having failed this test by the 'white nationalist' and openly neo-Nazi factions on the British extreme right. The BNP's adoption of 'ethno-nationalism' in 2006, with a new emphasis on cultural identity rather than racial hierarchy, was received with particular dismay by racial nationalists, and this consternation was reinforced by the BNP's change to its membership criteria in 2009 to allow members from the ethnic minorities to join the party."
- "The ethno-nationalism that the party now espouses is inherently racist and yet, at the same time, it allows a politically expedient opposition to white migration from Eastern Europe and the repudiation of worldwide 'white pride' racial nationalism." (Copsey, 2007)
- Minkenberg, Michael; Perrineau, Pascal (2007). "The Radical Right in the European Elections 2004". International Political Science Review 28 (1): 34–26. doi:10.1177/0192512107070401.
- Copsey, Nigel; Macklin, Graham (2011). The British National Party: Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge.
- "BNP in alliance with nationalists". BBC News. 12 November 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- Edkins, Keith. "Local Council Political Compositions". Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- "Democracy, Freedom, Culture and Identity" (PDF). The Manifesto of the British National Party. British National Party. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- "Teacher banned for life appointed to replace Nick Griffin as BNP leader". The Guardian. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
"Nick Griffin deposed for banned schoolteacher as BNP founders", The Independent, 21 July 2014
- "Court ruling in legal challenge to the BNP's constitution". Equality and Human Rights Commission. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- Local Elections: BNP Down To Two Councillors, Huffington Post, retrieved 7 June 2014
- Cook 2000, p. 88
- Betz 1998, p. 145
- Barberis, McHugh & Tyldesley 2005, p. 191
- Hill & Bell 1988, p. 92
- Barberis, McHugh & Tyldesley 2005, p. 188
- Hill & Bell 1988, p. 146
- "BNP: under the skin, 1979–1983". BBC News. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- Butler 1983, p. 345
- Copsey 2004, p. 32
- Copsey 2004, p. 39
- Szajkowski 2004, p. 498
- Copsey 2004, p. 40
- Copsey 2004, pp. 45–48
- Copsey 2004, p. 73
- Eatwell 2004, p. 69.
- Copsey 2004, p. 23
- Copsey, 2007
- Eatwell 2004, p. 75.
- "History of the BNP". BBC News. 24 January 2003. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- Copsey 2004, pp. 110–120
- Brinks 2006, p. 91
- "Barclays Bank bans BNP accounts". BBC News. 16 July 2004. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "BNP leader cleared of race hate". BBC News. 10 November 2006. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "BNP campaign uses bus bomb photo". BBC News. 12 July 2005. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "BNP doubles number of councillors". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Matthew Taylor (12 April 2007). "BNP faces inquiry over US fundraising". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "BNP secures two European seats". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Brian Brady (7 June 2009). "Labour prepares for new rout as Europe declares". The Independent. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Matthew Goodwin (16 April 2009). "The BNP's breakthrough". The New Statesman. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Matthew Moore (12 May 2009). "MPs' expenses: Lord Tebbit says do not vote Conservative at European elections". The Telegraph. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Sweeney, Mark (23 October 2009). "Nick Griffin to lodge formal complaint with BBC over Question Time". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "Barking & Dagenham". BBC News. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Taylor, Matthew (7 May 2010). "Nick Griffin under pressure after BNP's poor performance". Guardian. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- len Tingle (27 July 2011). "BNP – the disastrous war of the roses". BBC News. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Quinn, Ben (16 October 2012). "BNP divisions exposed as Andrew Brons resigns". The Guardian.
- Goodwin, M. J. (2013). "Forever a False Dawn? Explaining the Electoral Collapse of the British National Party (BNP)". Parliamentary Affairs.
- "The BNP is finished as an electoral force", The Guardian, 4 May 2012.
- "BNP calls on members to breed more after elections disaster", The Guardian, 4 May 2013.
- "BNP leader Nick Griffin visits Syria after receiving invite from President Assad", Daily Mail, 11 June 2013.
- "What is BNP leader Nick Griffin doing in Syria?", Channel4.
- BNP's Nick Griffin claims he 'influenced' Syria vote. BBC News.
- Rachel Blundy. "BNP expels former leader Nick Griffin".
- Morris, Nigel (14 January 2015). "Green parties membership 'will overtake Ukip within a week', new research predicts". The Independent. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "BNP General Election Manifesto 2005" (PDF). BBC News. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- BNP would offer £50,000 to leave the country. Independent. 29 April 2010.
- British National Party General Election 2005 Manifesto
- Davies 2002, p. 149
- "Democracy, Freedom, Culture and Identity". The Manifesto of the British National Party. British National Party. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Paul Harris (23 December 2001). Hindu and Sikh extremists in link with BNP. The Observer. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Sikh admits to BNP talks. BBC News. 10 September 2001. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- BNP Policies: Democracy.
- BNP Policies: Health.
- "British National Party Policies". British National Party. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Copsey, N. (1994). "Fascism: The ideology of the British national party". Politics, 14(3): 101-108.
- Thurlow 2000
- Goodwin, M. J. (2011). New British Fascism: Rise of the British National Party. Routledge.
- Jamie Doward (24 August 2003). "Expelled BNP founder plans court battle". The Observer. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Ignazi 2003
- "The BNP on Question Time is the wrong party on the wrong programme". The Guardian. 15 October 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "David Cameron attacks 'fascist' BNP". The Daily Telegraph. 31 May 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Travis, Alan (16 October 2009). "Alan Johnson says BBC should bar 'foul' BNP from Question Time". The Guardian.
- Magretts, H., John, P., Rowlance, D., & Weir, S. (2006). The BNP: the roots of its appeal. Democratic Audit, University of Essex.
- Nick Griffin. "At the Crossroads". Identity. No. 43. July 2003: 4-7.
- Copsey, N. (2007)."Changing course or changing clothes? Reflections on the ideological evolution of the British National Party 1999–2006. Patterns of Prejudice: 41(1), 61-82.
- Edwards, Geraint. O. (2012). [A comparative discourse analysis of the construction of in-groups in the 2005 and 2010 Manifestos of the British National Party http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/43917/1/WRRO_43917.pdf]. Discourse and Society. 23(3): 245-258.
- Rhodes, J. (2009). "The Banal National Party: the routine nature of legitimacy. Patterns of Prejudice. 43(2): 142-160.
- Gottlieb & Linehan 2004, pp. 70–71
- "Griffin denies fascism 'smears'". Metro. 12 July 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- BNP: under the skin. BBC News. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Griffin, Nick. (2001). "The BNP and Races". The Voice of Freedom. January. p. 4.
- Griffin, Nick. (2006). "Modern nationalism - the new force in politics". Identity cited by Copsey, 2007: 78.
- Ford, R., & Goodwin, M. J. (2010). "Angry White Men: Individual and Contextual Predictors of Support for the British National Party". Political Studies. 58(1), 1-25. February 2010
- Halikiopoulou, D., & Vasilopoulou, S. (2010). "Towards a ‘civic’ narrative: British national identity and the transformation of the British National Party". The Political Quarterly, 81(4), 583-592. October/December 2010.
- "BNP 'does not want all-white UK'". BBC News. 12 July 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Haroon Siddique (20 November 2009). "Sikh campaigner for BNP set to become party's first non-white member". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Griffin, Nick. "The BNP: Anti-asylum protest, racist sect or power-winning movement?". British National Party. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Priestley, Joe (2 January 2005). "Spirit of the Age". British National Party. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Halpin, Tony (24 March 2006). "Lecturer is suspended for 'racist' IQ claims". The Times. Retrieved 13 August 2007.(subscription required)
- Leach, Ben (17 May 2009). "BNP: war hero Johnson Beharry only got medal because he is black". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Private Johnson Gideon Beharry – Victoria Cross". Ministry of Defence. 18 March 2005. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Nationalism and Israel". British National Party. 28 July 2006. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "BNP on BBC's Question Time: key quotes". The Daily Telegraph. 23 October 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Griffin, Nick (21 March 2006). "By their fruits (or lack of them) shall you know them". British National Party. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Israel to 'Protect its Jewish nature' by Building Concentration Camp for 10,000 African "Infiltrators"". British National Party. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "BNP Accuses Ukip Of Being 'Zionists' Because Of Support For Israel". Huffington Post. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "BNP’s Nick Griffin Marches With Polish Nationalists and Warns: "Zionists Want to Destroy Us"". Krakow Post. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Matthew Taylor (10 January 2014). "Nick Griffin offers strident support to Golden Dawn on visit to Greece | Politics". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". British National Party. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Wentworth, Tony. ""Gay Rights" Lobby Target School Children". British National Party. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Emails to/from the BNP". Manchester University Labour Club. Archived from the original on 6 May 2006. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Griffin attacks Islam on BBC show". BBC News. 23 October 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Germany: Ukrainian nationalists are being used by the EU - Nick Griffin
- "Keep brave Gurkhas out of Britain says BNP". Daily Mirror. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "BNP Leader Pulls Out of Palace Garden Party". Sky News. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Jenkins, Russell (10 June 2009). "BNPs Nick Griffin finally gets to make a speech". The Times.(subscription required)
- "Midlands BNP leader demands Gurkhas are banned from staying in UK". Lancaster Unity. 24 May 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- "The Constitution of the British National Party (version 12.3)" (PDF). Retrieved 23 October 2009.
- "Party Structure and Organisation.". British National Party. Archived from the original on 23 January 2008. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Regional contacts". August 2006. Archived from the original on 1 January 2007. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Circles and Associations". British National Party. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Ford, Robert; Goodwin, Matthew J. (2010). "Angry White Men: Individual and Contextual Predictors of Support for the British National Party". Political Studies 58 (1): 1–25. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9248.2009.00829.x.
- Ward, Lucy (12 December 2001). "How the BNP turned racial hatred into votes". The Guardian.
- Wheeler, Brian (5 May 2006). "Will BNP election gains last?". BBC News. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- "BNP sees increase in total votes". BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Elections Report" (PDF). Community Security Trust. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "National Results". BBC News. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Barking". BBC News. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Electoral performance of the British National Party in the UK" (PDF). Parliament. 15 May 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- Urquhart, Conal (4 May 2013). "BNP calls on members to breed more after elections disaster". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "BNP wins seat in London Assembly". BBC News. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Taylor, Matthew (29 September 2010). "BNP expels Richard Barnbrook as bitter feud threatens to tear apart party". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Labour slumps to historic defeat". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "European Election 2009: North West". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "UK Results - after 12 out of the 12 regions declared". BBC News. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "European Election: United Kingdom Result". BBC News. 14 June 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "European Election 2009: UK Results". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "Immigration a key issue, says BNP". BBC News. 16 April 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- "Wales elections". BBC News. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- "No to public funds for fascism". Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- "Scotland elections". BBC News. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- "Northern Ireland elections". BBC News. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- Martin Wingfield (16 March 2008). "The Media: Reporting on the BNP". Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- "The Traitors – 3. Denis MacShane". British National Party. 27 May 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- Mulholland, Hélène (24 April 2007). "BNP forced to change election broadcast". The Guardian.
- "BBC bans BNP election broadcast". British National Party. 24 April 2007. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
- "Case of Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers & Firemen (ASLEF) v. the United Kingdom". European Court of Human Rights. 27 February 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- "Disclaw Publishing – Employment Law, unfair dismissal, redundancy pay". Emplaw.co.uk. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- Bowcott, Owen (6 November 2012). "Bus driver sacked for BNP membership wins case in Strasbourg". The Guardian.
- "CASE OF REDFEARN v. THE UNITED KINGDOM". European Court of Human Rights. 6 November 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- "The British National Party". WhatDoTheyKnow. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- Stuart Jeffries (21 October 2003). "Undercover cop". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- "ACPO bans police from joining BNP". BBC News. 27 July 2004.
- Taylor, Matthew (14 May 2007). "Inquiry into claim that police joined BNP event". The Guardian.
- Cobain, Ian (19 November 2008). "Police scour BNP membership to find officers breaching ban". The Guardian.
- "'No-one wanted' top UK jails post". BBC News. 8 February 2005. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- "Synod votes in favour of BNP ban". BBC News. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- Hasan, Medhi (2 November 2010). "In praise of Michael Gove: He's wrong on free schools but right to ban BNP teachers". New Statesman. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- Vasagar, Jeevan (2 November 2010). "BNP members to be barred from teaching". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- Heitmeyer 2003, p. 406
- Human Rights Watch 1997, p. 13
- Yorkshire Post. 17 February 1986. Missing or empty
- Anthony, Andrew (1 September 2002). "Flying the flag". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Party Organisers: Criminal Record". BBC News. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Human Rights Watch 1997, p. 14
- David Botsford. "The British State versus Freedom of Expression: The Case of R. v. Griffin" (PDF). Libertarian Alliance. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- "BNP man sent razor blades to city Jews". Trinity Mirror. 2 April 2003. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Sophie Goodchild (25 April 2004). "On the Le Pen menu: roast beef and raw bigotry". The Independent. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Anger as BNP chief walks free over race attack". The Independent. 18 June 1994. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- John Davison, Ian Burrell and Cyril Dixon (19 September 1993). "Exposed: Labour trickery that hyped BNP to election victory". The Sunday Times.
- "BBC News: BNP – Under the Skin". Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Matthew Taylor (13 July 2007). "Second jury fails to agree on BNP 'bomb' pair". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- Matthew Taylor (13 February 2007). "Ex-BNP activist 'wanted to shoot Tony Blair'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Andrew Hewitt (4 October 2006). "Ex-BNP man faces explosives charge". The Burnley and Pendle Citizen. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- James Sturcke, Matthew Weaver and Ian Cobain (18 November 2008). "BNP membership list leaked online". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Probe into officer on BNP list". Financial Times. 20 November 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2008.
- "Sacked BNP members 'could claim £10,000'". Metro. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Lee John Barnes, BNP Legal Director". Leejohnbarnes.blogspot.com. 18 November 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Rod Lucas dropped by TalkSPORT after BNP links emerge". The Daily Telegraph. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Sears, Neil (22 November 2008). "Teacher at prestigious prep school faces probe after her former job with BNP is exposed". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Balakrishnan, Angela (5 December 2008). "Two held over BNP membership leak". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Ex-BNP man fined over names leak". BBC News. 1 September 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Commission issues county court proceedings against the BNP". Equality and Human Rights Commission. 24 August 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Commission forces BNP to change its constitution and membership criteria after legal case victory". Equality and Human Rights Commission. 15 October 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "UK – BNP's 'whites-only' rule set to be axed". Financial Times. 3 September 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
- Hamilton, Fiona (4 September 2009). "British National Party forced to admit non-whites". The Times. Retrieved 15 October 2009.(subscription required)
- "BNP may have to admit black and Asian members after court challenge". The Independent. 16 October 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "BNP to change 'whites only' membership rules so as not to fall foul of discrimination laws". Daily Mail. 15 October 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "New BNP rules rejected by court". BBC News. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Taylor, Matthew (8 November 2010). "BNP leader Nick Griffin accused of lying over party's constitution". The Guardian.
- Aston, John (17 December 2010). "BNP's Nick Griffin defeats contempt legal bid". The Independent.
- "BNP leader Nick Griffin avoids legal penalties". The Guardian. 17 December 2010.
- "Searchlight's Carbon Copy Plan". British National Party. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- Colin Urquart (1 June 2013). "BNP and anti-fascists scuffle in London". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- "Guardian: Cameron: vote for anyone but BNP". The Guardian. 18 April 2006. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Jones, George (6 February 2007). "Blair admits 'paying penalty' for US links". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "Hope not hate: Vote for equality, freedom and hope". Daily Mirror. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Traynor, Ian (9 July 2009). "UK diplomats shun BNP officials in Europe". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Porter, Aaron. "Re-affirming our support for No Platform". National Union of Students. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "University's invitation to BNP leader withdrawn". The Scotsman. 5 February 2005. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Matthew Taylor (13 June 2009). "Royal British Legion tell Nick Griffin to stop wearing poppy badge". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Furlong, Ray (11 September 2009). "British Legion accepts BNP gift". BBC News. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "BNP's Churchill use 'disgusting'". BBC News. 26 May 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Dame Vera Lynn takes on BNP over White Cliffs of Dover". The Daily Telegraph. 18 February 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Fifty-eight arrested during Westminster protests". BBC News. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- Rush, James; Bond, Anthony (1 June 2013). "Anti-fascist protestors arrested and packed onto London buses following violent clashes with BNP outside Parliament". Daily Mail. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- Vale, Paul (1 June 2013). "BNP Westminster Protesters Clash With Rival Anti-Fascists". Huffington Post. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- Christopher Hope (13 September 2007). "BNP website is the most popular in politics". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Victoria Richards (21 September 2009). "Party called 'hypocrites' over website merchandise". Daily Star. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "American Friends of the British National Party". The Guardian. 12 June 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Abrams, Fran (12 February 2008). "New concerns over BNP finances". BBC News. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "BNP sets up life firm, Highbeam". HighBeam Research. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "A finger in too many pies". Searchlight. Wayback Machine. November 2006. Archived from the original on 5 December 2006. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "New British National Party Logo Merchandise at Excalibur". British National Party. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "ProFam-Protecting the Family". British National Party. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "Solidarity 100,000 Leaflet Advert". Solidarity. 27 April 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- "BNP trade union unmasked". Searchlight (Hopenothate). 24 January 2006. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Suspended councillor moves to BNP". BBC News. 15 May 2006. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- "Bring Our Boys Home Petition Handed in to Number 10". British National Party. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- "Christian Council of Britain". 5 April 2006. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- "Jamie Doward: "BNP link to new campaign groups"". The Guardian. 16 April 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "BBC News: Le Pen UK visit sparks protests". 25 April 2004. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Tom Wells (10 November 2008). "Top Euro Nazi's hate site run from terraced house ... in Gravesend". The Sun. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Jerome Taylor (9 June 2009). "Griffin tries to build extremist bloc in Europe". The Independent. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Far-right European parties forge alliance". EUbusiness. 25 October 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "Alliance of European National Movements Expands to 9 Parties". British National Party. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "Statement by Sharon Ebanks". New Nationalist Party. Archived from the original on 28 April 2008. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- Gable, Sonia. "British Freedom Party deregistration: the truth – exclusive". Searchlight. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "The Britain First Leadership Team". Britain First. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "National People's Party official public launch". Britain First. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Who We Are". Patria. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- Matthew Collins (8 February 2013). "Neo-Nazi former BNP members launch new far-right party". New Statesman. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "British Democratic Party launches in Leicester". British Democratic Party. 10 February 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- Abbas, Tahir (2005). Muslim Britain: communities under pressure. Zed Books. ISBN 1-84277-449-2.
- Art, David (2011). Inside the Radical Right. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-139-49883-8.
- Backes, Uwe; Moreau, Patrick (2011). The Extreme Right in Europe: Current Trends and Perspectives. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. ISBN 978-3-525-36922-7.
- Barberis, Peter; McHugh, John; Tyldesley, Mike (2005). Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations: Parties, Groups and Movements of the 20th century. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8264-5814-9.
- Boothroyd, David (2001). Politico's Guide to the History of British Political Parties. Politico's. ISBN 1-902301-59-5.
- Betz, Hans-Georg (1998). The new politics of the Right: neo-Populist parties and movements in established democracies. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-21338-7.
- Butler, David (1983). The British General Election of 1983. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-34578-8.
- Brinks, Jan Herman (2006). Nationalist Myths and Modern Media: Contested Identities in the Age of Globalization. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-84511-038-2.
- Cook, Chris (2000). The Longman companion to Britain since 1945. Pearson Education. ISBN 0-582-35674-1.
- Copsey, Nigel (2004). Contemporary British Fascism: The British National Party and its Quest for Legitimacy. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-0214-3.
- Davies, Peter (2002). The Routledge companion to fascism and the far right. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-21494-7.
- Eatwell, Roger (2004). Western democracies and the new extreme right challenge. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-36971-1.
- Geddes, Andrew (2002). Labour's second landslide: the British general election 2001. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-6266-7.
- Human Rights Watch (1997). Racist violence in the United Kingdom. Human Rights Watch. ISBN 978-1-56432-202-9.
- Gottlieb, Julie V.; Linehan, Thomas P. (2004). The Culture of Fascism: Visions of the Far Right in Britain. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-86064-798-7.
- Ignazi, Piero (2003). Extreme right parties in Western Europe. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-929159-4.
- Heitmeyer, Wilhelm (2003). International Handbook of Violence Research. Springer. ISBN 978-1-4020-1466-6.
- Hill, Ray; Bell, Andrew (1988). The Other Face of Terror: Inside Europe's Neo-Nazi Network. Grafton Books. ISBN 978-0-586-06935-6.
- Larsen, Stein Ugelvik (1998). Modern Europe after fascism, 1943–1980s. Social Science Monographs. ISBN 978-0-88033-973-5.
- Liang, Christina Schori (2007). Europe for the Europeans: the foreign and security policy of the populist radical. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
- Passmore, Kevin (2002). Fascism : a very short introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280155-5.
- Plowright, John (2006). The Routledge dictionary of modern British history. Routledge. ISBN 0-203-08846-8.
- Saggar, Shamit (1998). Race and British electoral politics. Routledge. ISBN 1-85728-830-0.
- Szajkowski, Bogdan (2004). Revolutionary and dissident movements of the world. John Harper Publishing. ISBN 0-9543811-2-2.
- Thurlow, Richard C. (2000). Fascism in Modern Britain. Sutton. ISBN 0-7509-1747-4.