British Rail Class 08

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British Rail Class 08
Class 08 08801 (D3969) (6833336546).jpg
08 801 at Penzance station in 1990
Type and origin
Power typeDiesel-electric
BuilderBritish Railways:
Crewe Works
Darlington Works
Derby Works
Doncaster Works
Horwich Works
Build date1952–1962
Total produced996
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte0-6-0
 • UICC
Wheel diameter4 ft 6 in (1.372 m)
Wheelbase11 ft 6 in (3.505 m)
Length29 ft 3 in (8.92 m)
Width8 ft 6 in (2.591 m)
Height12 ft 8 58 in (3.877 m)
11 ft 9 58 in (3.597 m) (08/9)
Loco weight49 long tons (49.8 t; 54.9 short tons) to
51 long tons (51.8 t; 57.1 short tons)
Fuel capacity668 imp gal (3,040 l; 802 US gal)
Prime moverEnglish Electric 6KT
GeneratorDC
Traction motorsDC English Electric 506, 2 off
TransmissionDiesel-electric transmission, double reduction gearing
MU workingNot originally fitted, some retrofitted with type Blue Star
Train heatingNone
Train brakesVacuum, later Air & Vacuum or Air only
Performance figures
Maximum speed15 mph (24 km/h) or 20 mph (32 km/h)
Power outputEngine: 350 hp (261 kW)
Tractive effortMaximum: 35,000 lbf (160 kN)
Brakeforce19 long tons-force (190 kN)
Career
OperatorsBritish Railways
InterCity
Network SouthEast
Rail Express Systems
Freightliner
Eurostar
DB Cargo UK
GNER
National Express East Coast
East Coast
Virgin Trains East Coast
LNER
Midland Mainline
East Midlands Trains
East Midlands Railway
Arriva Rail North
Northern Trains
Harry Needle Railroad Company
Foster Yeoman
Mendip Rail
Numbers13000–13116, 13127–13136, 13167–13365;

later: D3000–D3116, D3127–D3136, D3167-D3365 (renumbered from above), D3366–D3438, D3454–D3472, D3503–D3611, D3652–D3664, D3672–D3718, D3722–D4048, D4095–D4098, D4115–D4192;

later 08 001–08 958
Axle load classRoute availability 5 or 6 (see text)
Withdrawn1967–present
Disposition82 preserved
10 converted to Class 09s
6 converted to Class 13s
5 exported to Liberia
100 in service
Remainder scrapped

The British Rail Class 08 is a class of diesel-electric shunting locomotive built by British Railways (BR). As the standard BR general-purpose diesel shunter, the class became a familiar sight at major stations and freight yards. Since their introduction in 1952 however, the nature of rail traffic in Britain has changed considerably. Freight trains are now mostly fixed rakes of wagons, and passenger trains are mostly multiple units, neither requiring the attention of a shunting locomotive. Consequently, a large proportion of the class has been withdrawn from mainline use and stored, scrapped, exported or sold to industrial or heritage railways.

As of 2020, around 100 locomotives remained working on industrial sidings and on the main British network. On heritage railways, they have become common, appearing on many of the preserved standard-gauge lines in Britain, with over 70 preserved including the first one built.[1]

History[edit]

08 032 at Foster Yeoman's Torr Works, 2008

The Class 08 design was based on the LMS 12033 series (later TOPS Class 11) design. There were also 26 of the near-identical but higher-geared Class 09, and 171 similar locomotives fitted with different engines and transmissions (some of which became Class 10), which together brought the total number of outwardly-similar machines to 1,193.

The pioneer locomotive, number 13000, was built in 1952 although it did not enter service until 1953.[2][3] Production continued until 1962 with 996 locomotives produced, making it the most numerous of all British locomotive classes.[citation needed]

The locomotives were built at the BR's Crewe, Darlington, Derby, Doncaster and Horwich works.[4]

In 1985, three locomotives were reduced in height for use on the Burry Port and Gwendraeth Valley Railway in south west Wales, and became Class 08/9. The remainder of the class were reclassified as sub-class 08/0. A further two were converted to 08/9s in 1987.[5]

The first locomotive to be withdrawn was D3193 in 1967. Four other machines were withdrawn before TOPS reclassification in 1973.[6] Withdrawals continued in subsequent decades until by the beginning of the 1990s most of the class had been withdrawn.[7] As part of the privatisation of British Rail in the mid-1990s most of the survivors passed to EWS with some going to passenger operators for use as depot shunters. At the same time as the withdrawals, many were purchased by heritage railways.

In mid-2008, EWS had over forty class 08s in operation, with a greater number stored. Freightliner also had about five in operation, as did locomotive company Wabtec Rail. FirstGroup operated fewer than five; additionally, some work at industrial sidings – two for Foster Yeoman, one for Mendip Rail, one for Corus, one at ICI Wilton, two for English China Clays, amongst others. A few other businesses in railway-related business operated single examples.[1]

Exported locomotives[edit]

Sixteen English Electric 0-6-0DE 350 hp locomotives, based on the Class 11/Class 08 design but modified for 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) gauge, were built new and exported 1951–53 to Australia, entering service on the Victorian Railways as the F class.

Five Class 08s were exported to Liberia, numbers 3047, 3092, 3094, 3098 and 3100.[8] All five locos remain in Liberia and have been considerably robbed of parts in the intervening years.[9]

In 2007, 08 738 and 08 939 were equipped for multiple operation at Toton TMD and repainted in Euro Cargo Rail livery before being sent to France in April 2009.[10]

Operations[edit]

08 509 in Rail Blue livery at Chesterfield Goods Yard

As the standard general-purpose diesel shunter on BR, almost any duty requiring shunting would involve a Class 08; thus the many locations where 2 portions of a train were merged, or where additional stock was added to a train, were hauled (briefly) by a Class 08, thus the class was a familiar sight at many major stations and terminals.

Technical description[edit]

The Class 08 design was based on the LMS 12033 series (later TOPS Class 11) design.

The engine is an English Electric (EE) 6 cylinder, 4-stroke, 6KT. Traction motors are 2 EE 506 motors with double reduction gear drive. The main generator is an EE 801.

Design variations[edit]

There were variations on the basic design, which were given the following TOPS design codes:

TOPS design code Electrical system Max speed Weight Brakes Route availability Notes
08-0AV 90 V 20 mph (32 km/h) 49.8 long tons (50.6 t; 55.8 short tons) vacuum 5
08-0BX 110 V 20 mph (32 km/h) 50.4 long tons (51.2 t; 56.4 short tons) dual 5
08-0CA 90 V 20 mph (32 km/h) 49.6 long tons (50.4 t; 55.6 short tons) air 5
08-0DV 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 49.8 long tons (50.6 t; 55.8 short tons) vacuum 5
08-0BX 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 50.4 long tons (51.2 t; 56.4 short tons) dual 5
08-0FA 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 49.6 long tons (50.4 t; 55.6 short tons) air 5
08-0KX 110 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 50.4 long tons (51.2 t; 56.4 short tons) dual 5
08-0LX 110 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 50.4 long tons (51.2 t; 56.4 short tons) dual 5 Scharfenberg coupler adapter fitted
08-0MA 110 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 49.8 long tons (50.6 t; 55.8 short tons) air 5
08-0NA 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 49.8 long tons (50.6 t; 55.8 short tons) air 5 fitted with Buckeye couplings
08-0PA 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 51.0 long tons (51.8 t; 57.1 short tons) air 6 fitted with Buckeye couplings
08-0QA 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 51.0 long tons (51.8 t; 57.1 short tons) air 6 fitted with Buckeye couplings
08-0RA 110 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 51.0 long tons (51.8 t; 57.1 short tons) air 6 fitted with Buckeye couplings
08-0SA 110 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 49.0 long tons (49.8 t; 54.9 short tons) air 6

Class 08/9[edit]

08 266 (left) alongside cut-down 08 993 (right) at the Keighley & Worth Valley Railway in 2017, showing the lower height of the 08/9 subclass.

Class 08/9 locomotives were modified from the standard class by being given headlights and cut-down bodywork in which the overall height was reduced to 11’ 10" (3.61 m), for use on the Burry Port and Gwendraeth Valley Railway up to Cwm Mawr. In 2007, three were used on infrastructure trains on the Manchester Metrolink.[5]

TOPS design code Electrical system Max speed Weight Brakes Notes
08-9AV 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 49.8 long tons (50.6 t; 55.8 short tons) vacuum brakes 08 991 converted from 08 203
08 992 converted from 08 259
08-9CX 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 50.4 long tons (51.2 t; 56.4 short tons) dual brakes 08 993 converted from 08 592
08-9DA 90 V 15 mph (24 km/h) 49.6 long tons (50.4 t; 55.6 short tons) air brakes 08 994 converted from 08 462
08 995 converted from 08 687

BR Class 13[edit]

Six Class 08 units were adapted for a specialist role at Tinsley Marshalling Yard, where there was a requirement for more powerful shunters. These locomotives were permanently coupled together in pairs as a 'master and slave' (or 'cow and calf'), the slave unit with its cab removed, and reclassified as the Class 13. All have since been scrapped.

Fleet[edit]

Numbers Operators Number operated Comments
08571, 08596, 08615, 08788 Wabtec Rail 4 08788 on long-term lease to Abellio Scotrail
08389, 08428, 08500, 08578, 08623, 08653, 08706, 08714 08630, 08 802, 08804, 08865, 08879, 08904, 08905, 08924, 08943, 08994 Harry Needle Railroad Company 18 (10 stored) 08428, 500, 578, 653, 706, 714, 802, 804, 865, 879, stored
08525, 08690, 08908, 08950 East Midlands Railway 4
08530, 08531, 08575, 08585, 08624, 08691, 08764, 08785, 08891 Freightliner 9 (2 stored) 08575, 891 stored
08948 Eurostar 1
08 641, 08 644, 08 645 "St Piran", 08 822, 08 836 Great Western Railway 5
08 616, 08 805 West Midlands Trains 2 Both rarely used
08417 Network Rail 1
08788 Abellio ScotRail 1 on long-term lease from Wabtec Rail
08 451, 08 454, 08 611, 08 696, 08 721, 08 790, 08 887 Alstom 7
08 418, 08 485, 08 678 West Coast Railways 3
08 682 Derby Litchurch Lane Works 1
08220,08405, 08441, 08484, 08511, 08593, 08580, 08632, 08683, 08703, 08709, 08752 Rail Support Services 12
08 737 Locomotive Services Limited 1
08567 Arlington Fleet Services
08410 A V Dawson
08735 Arriva Traincare
08649; unknown Meteor Power Ltd 2 08649 under conversion to an experimental low-energy battery-hybrid locomotive; other locomotive to be used as a 'control' during testing[11]
08308 08423 08523 08573 08588 08613 08622 08648 08754 08756 08762 08788 08809 08847 08871 08874 08885 08936 Rail Management Services 18
08870 Eastern Rail Services 1

Preservation[edit]

Continuing in its designed-for role as a shunter, the Class 08 has been found useful by numerous heritage railways in the UK. With over seventy examples preserved,[1] they are the second most numerous class of preserved locomotive in the UK.

Models[edit]

Several manufacturers have produced models of Class 08 shunters. In OO scale, Wrenn, Tri-ang, Hornby Railways and Bachmann Branchline all produced models. Lima also produced a model in several different liveries, but it was of the near-identical Class 09.

Since 2000, both Bachmann Branchline and Hornby have released much more detailed models, in a variety of liveries and with a variety of appropriate detail variations.

In British N Gauge, Graham Farish have also produced 2 versions; a relatively crude version lacking outside frames that was discontinued in 2007, and a more detailed version with outside frames that was unveiled 2008.[12]

In fiction[edit]

The Class 08 locomotives form the basis for the character Devious Diesel in The Railway Series books written by the Rev. W. Awdry, and the subsequent Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends television series. The Class 08 has also provided the basis for several other characters in the series, most notably 'Arry & Bert, Splatter & Dodge (Splodge), Paxton and Sidney. Fernando, a Brazilian diesel shunter and many more international engines are based on this class.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Fleet status (subsection Class 01-14) wnxx.net Archived 20 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ BR Standard 0-6-0 Diesel-Electric Shunting Locomotive Railway Gazette 19 June 1953 pages 704/705
  3. ^ New Standard Shunter Diesel Railway Traction July 1953 pages 149-151
  4. ^ Marsden, Colin J. (1981). The Diesel Shunter – A Pictorial Record. Oxford: Oxford Publishing. ISBN 978-0-86093-108-9.
  5. ^ a b British Railways Class 08 Diesel Electric 0-6-0 Shunter No. D3759 / 08 993 Keighley & Worth Valley Railway
  6. ^ Disposals Class 08 wnxx.com[dead link]
  7. ^ Locomotive Disposals Class 08 (see also subsequent pages) wnxx.com[dead link]
  8. ^ A brief look at the diesel locomotives built by Derby Locomotive Works from 1932–1967 derbysulzers.com
  9. ^ [1] June 2010 Update
  10. ^ Class 08s in France Today's Railways Europe issue 162 June 2009 page 8
  11. ^ https://www.railwaygazette.com/uk/hybrid-shunter-conversion-ready-for-testing/56472.article
  12. ^ Farish Class 08 diesel shunter emerges at Redhill bachmann.co.uk

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]