British Rail Class 252
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|British Rail Class 252|
Prototype HST 252 001 at Weston-super-Mare in 1975.
|Number built||1 trainset|
|Number in service||0|
|Formation||Two power cars flanking 10 Mark 3 coaches|
|Fleet numbers||252 001|
|Operator(s)||British Rail Western Region|
|Maximum speed||143.2 mph (230.5 km/h)|
|Prime mover(s)||Paxman Valenta 12RP200L, 2 off|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Class 252 was the classification allocated to the prototype High Speed Train unit, numbered 252001.
When originally built, in 1972, the prototype High Speed Train (HST) units were considered to be formed of two locomotives at either end of a rake of carriages. As a result, the power cars were designated Class 41 and numbered 41001/41002, while the carriages were given numbers in the new Mark 3 carriage number series.
Shortly after their introduction, it was decided to classify the unit as a Diesel Electric Multiple Unit. It was allocated Class 252, and the whole formation was renumbered into a new carriage number series for HST and Advanced Passenger Train vehicles (4xxxx). Two coaches were not included in the renumbering (one Trailer First and one Trailer Second), as these were transferred for use in the Royal Train as part of its upgrade before Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee. The power cars were allocated numbers in the 43xxx series, and the two prototype cars took the numbers 43000/43001. Thus, the production-run cars were numbered from 43002 onwards.
Ironically, the situation reversed again in the 1980s, and the production power cars were then considered to be class 43, as this time round no power car or carriage was renumbered. By this time, the prototype cars had been transferred into departmental (non-revenue earning) service and had taken numbers in the departmental carriage 975xxx series, so they were not involved in this redesignation, and they retained their departmental carriage numbers rather than being transferred to the departmental locomotive list.
The former 41002/43001 has now been scrapped, but the other prototype loco, 41001/43000, has been preserved as part of the National Collection, held at the National Railway Museum, York. Of the passenger-carrying vehicles, all remain in use on the mainline, except for one of the former restaurant cars, which was scrapped in 1993, whilst many other vehicles since been scrapped due to other accidents. The power car can sometimes be seen while entering York from the northbound coming from the Newcastle area.
The 125 group, under the name of "Project Miller" have undertaken to bring the remaining prototype powercar 41001 back to life. This entails a complete restoration of the vehicle and a fitment of a Paxman Valenta V12 Engine. The engine was successfully started in July 2013, and on 31 May 2014 the loco moved under its own power for the first time in over 30 years.
The vehicles that made up the prototype High Speed Train are listed below, together with their current identity and use:
|Key:||In service||Special service||Scrapped||Preserved||Departmental|
|First Number||Second Number||Type||Converted to||Current Location|
|10000||40000||Trailer Buffet (TRSB)||Departmental, 975984||New Measurement Train|
|10100||40500||Trailer Kitchen (TRUK)||Departmental, 977089||Scrapped (1993)|
|11000||41000||Trailer First (TF)||Departmental, 975814||New Measurement Train|
|11001||-||Trailer First (TF)||Royal Train, 2903||In service|
|11002||41001||Trailer First (TF)||Production TF, 41170||In service|
|11003||41002||Trailer First (TF)||Production TF, 41174||In service, as TS 42357|
|12000||42000||Trailer Second (TS)||Production TF, 41172||In service, as TS 42355|
|12001||-||Trailer Second (TS)||Royal Train, 2904||In service|
|12002||42001||Trailer Second (TS)||Production TF, 41171||In service, as TS 42353|
|12003||42002||Trailer Second (TS)||Production TF, 41173||In service, as TS 42356|
|41001||43000||Driving Motor Brake (DMB)||Departmental, 975812||Preserved, National Railway Museum
To 125 group for restoration
|41002||43001||Driving Motor Brake (DMB)||Departmental, 975813||Scrapped (1990)|
- "41001 Returns - Prototype HST Test Runs at GCRN". KBRail Videos (YouTube). 2014-06-01. Retrieved 2016-11-14.