British Rail Class 331
|British Rail Class 331 Civity|
331001 on test at Crewe on 30 October 2018
|In service||From 2019|
|Built at||Zaragoza, Spain|
|Number under construction||43 units to be built|
|Formation||31 x 3-car units|
12 x 4-car units
|Fleet numbers||331001–331031 (331/0)|
|Capacity||204 seats (331/0)|
284 seats (331/1)
|Train length||71.4 m (234 ft 3 in) (331/0)|
94.75 m (310 ft 10 in) (331/1)
|Maximum speed||160 km/h (100 mph)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Class 331 Civity is a class of electric multiple unit being constructed for Northern by Spanish rolling stock manufacturer CAF. A total of 43 units are to be built: 31 three-car units and 12 four-car units. Construction started in July 2017 and the trains will be phased into service in 2019.
The announcement of the new trains was made by Arriva UK Trains when it was confirmed that it would become the next operator of the Northern franchise from 1 April 2016.
CAF were selected by Arriva as they were the only manufacturer able to produce both new diesel (Class 195) and electric multiple units from the same platform, the Civity, thus increasing familiarity for drivers and reducing maintenance costs once in operation. Bombardier made a bid to produce electric Aventra units but was unable to offer a sister diesel unit which Arriva required. Furthermore, Bombardier already had a long order book for Aventra units and Arriva believed CAF were in a stronger position to guarantee on-time delivery of the units.
The Class 331 units will operate in West Yorkshire, replacing Class 321 and Class 322 trains and working alongside the current fleet of Class 333 units. The 331s will also be deployed on inter-city electrified services from Manchester Airport to Preston and Blackpool North.
Elsewhere, it is envisaged they will replace the Class 323 units on select commuter routes to Manchester Piccadilly station local services, which are due to return to Porterbrook at the end of their current lease in 2019.
Construction started in July 2017, with the first completed unit being unveiled on 31 January 2018. Testing began in the UK in September 2018, and the new stock will be phased into service between December 2018 and December 2019.
|Class||Operator||No. Built||Year Built||Cars per Unit||Unit nos.|
- British Rail Class 195 - The diesel multiple unit variant of the CAF Civity UK platform also being built for Northern.
- British Rail Class 196 - A diesel multiple unit variant of the CAF Civity UK platform being built for West Midlands Trains.
- British Rail Class 397 - An electric multiple unit variant of the CAF Civity UK platform being built for TransPennine Express.
- Clinnick, Richard. "Northern unveils its first new CAF-built train". Rail Magazine. Rail Magazine. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Northern Franchise Agreement" (PDF). Gov.uk. Gov.uk. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
- "Long Term Passenger Rolling Stock Strategy for the Rail Industry, Fourth Edition, March 2016". Rail Delivery Group. Rail Delivery Group. Retrieved 22 March 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Intention to award Northern franchise to Arriva". Arriva Rail North. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- Shirres, David (3 April 2018). "Northern's trains from Spain". Railway Engineer. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
- Lea, Robert (23 January 2016). "Spain wins £490m race to replace unloved Pacer". The Times of London. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
However, the Arriva order needed a substantial number of diesel trains, too, because so much of the network in the north is not electrified. It is understood that Bombardier declined to bid for the diesel train sets. The Spanish acquisition is likely to have been determined by CAF’s ability to deliver the trains more quickly than rivals.
- "Likely removal of North West '323s' angers user group".
- CAF to supply 98 trains for Britain's Northern franchise International Railway Journal 22 January 2016
- "CAF begins production of new trains for Northern".
- "CAF presents first Civity EMU for Northern". International Railway Journal. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.