British Rail Class 387

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British Rail Class 387 Electrostar
Reading - GWR 387162 and GTSR 387306.JPG
Great Western Railway Class 387/1 and Class 387/3 units at Reading in 2021
GWR Class 387 Interior.jpg
The interior of a GWR Class 387
In service8 December 2014 – present
ManufacturerBombardier Transportation
Built atDerby Litchurch Lane Works
Family nameElectrostar
Number built107 units (428 carriages)
SuccessorClass 700 (Thameslink)
Class 720 (c2c)
Formation4 carriages per unit
Car length20.39 metres (66 ft 11 in)
Width2.80 metres (9 ft 2 in)
Height3.77 metres (12 ft 4 in)
Maximum speed110 mph (177 km/h)
Traction systemIGBT-VVVF (Bombardier MITRAC DR1000)
Power output1.68 MW (2,250 hp)
Electric system(s)750 V DC Third rail
25 kV 50 Hz AC Overhead
Current collector(s)Contact shoe (DC)
Pantograph (AC)
Safety system(s)AWS, TPWS
ETCS (Heathrow Express fleet only)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The British Rail Class 387 is a type of electric multiple unit passenger train built by Bombardier Transportation as part of the Electrostar family. A total of 107 units were built, with the first train entering service with Thameslink in December 2014. The trains are currently in service with Great Western Railway, Govia Thameslink Railway, c2c, and Heathrow Express. The Class 387 is a variation of the Class 379 Bombardier Electrostar, albeit with dual-voltage capability (which allows units to run on 750 V DC third rail as well as use 25 kV AC OLE). The class were the final rolling stock orders based on the Bombardier Electrostar family with 2,805 vehicles built over 18 years between 1999 and 2017.[1]


Class 387/1[edit]

The first Class 387/1s were ordered for the Thameslink route, which enabled the existing Class 319 units to be transferred to Northern Rail for use on the newly electrified Manchester Victoria to Liverpool via Newton-le-Willows route.[2][3]

On behalf of the Department for Transport, Southern issued an OJEU notice in December 2012,[2] with proposals received in January 2013. The invitation to tender for the fleet was released the following month with final offers being submitted by 18 June 2013. Southern announced it had signed a deal with Bombardier on 30 July 2013 for 29 four carriage units.[4][5]

In October 2015, Porterbrook placed a speculative order for 80 carriages. Fifty-six were later leased to Great Western Railway and the remaining 24 to c2c as 387/3s.[6]

The Class 387/1 fleet is subdivided into a Class 387/1a fleet which has been fitted with the ETCS signalling system for use in the Heathrow Airport railway tunnels[7] (and in along the entire route in future[citation needed]). This subfleet was authorised for use in passenger service under ETCS by the ORR on 14 December 2020.[7]

Class 387/2[edit]

Govia ordered 27 four-carriage units to replace Class 442 units on the Gatwick Express service.[8] The first units entered service in February 2016.[9][10][11]

Class 387/3[edit]

In May 2016, c2c announced that it would operate six Class 387 units to add capacity to its network.[12]

Current operations[edit]

Gatwick Express[edit]

387210 in Gatwick Express livery

As part of Govia's bid for the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise, 27 four-carriage units were ordered to replace Class 442 units on the Gatwick Express service, using some of the optional 140 extra carriages.[8] The order was announced in November 2014 with the first units on test in July 2015 and they began to enter service on 29 February 2016.[9][10][11]

The deployment was disrupted by unionised drivers refusing to take passengers, claiming that the twelve-coach Class 387 trains are not covered by their driver only operation agreement which is limited to ten coaches, and that running them without a conductor would be unsafe. In response to this, Govia threatened to take legal action, and the union ultimately dropped the claim. Prior to entering service with Gatwick Express, several units entered service with Thameslink in response to delays with commissioning the Class 700 units. These then returned to Gatwick Express by the end of Summer 2016.[13][14]

As of 2021, some units have been cascaded to Great Northern.

Great Western Railway[edit]

387159 at Didcot Parkway in February 2018

The first Great Western Railway unit entered service on 5 September 2016 running between London Paddington and Hayes & Harlington in peak hours to relieve congestion on some of the country's most crowded trains.[15][16] In January 2017 GWR began running a half-hourly Paddington to Hayes & Harlington service using pairs of these 387/1s.[15]

On 1 January 2018, following further electrification work, Class 387/1 EMUs began operating suburban services between London Paddington and Didcot Parkway, replacing GWR Class 165 DMUs on these services.[17] Due to electrification being suspended from Didcot Parkway to Oxford, the previous Oxford suburban service from London Paddington was cut back to Didcot Parkway to allow electric trains to operate this service. Oxford is still served by the fast services from London Paddington and a DMU service from Didcot Parkway.[18]

In January 2019, Class 387/1 EMUs began operating between Reading and Newbury after electrification works on the Reading to Taunton line was completed. In December 2019, Class 345s took over most of the GWR stopping services between Reading and Paddington. This displaced 12 Class 387s which are now used on Heathrow Express services between Heathrow Terminal 5 and Paddington. Since the December 2021 timetable change, GWR use Class 387s on daily services to Cardiff, as well as special services when events are held at the Millennium Stadium.[19]


The first c2c Class 387/3 was delivered in October 2016 and entered service in November 2016.[20] These trains were built primarily as stock units; they were leased out to c2c which at the time was suffering with overcrowding.[21][22]

The units operate fast limited stop services from Shoeburyness to London Fenchurch Street as 12 car sets during peak hours; following the impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic, the units were temporarily stored at Shoeburyness Carriage Sidings in March 2020. Later in 2020, they were reinstated for use on services in the c2c network, again working peak hour limited stop services between Fenchurch Street and Shoeburyness.

In May 2021 c2c transferred three units to GWR owing to their fleet of Class 800s requiring repairs due to bogie defects.

c2c are to replace their remaining Class 387/3 with Class 720 Aventra trains by 2022.

Great Northern[edit]

387123 at Cambridge in September 2018

From late 2016, 29 of the Class 387/1s operating on Thameslink were displaced by the delivery of Class 700s, and were transferred to Great Northern. They operate mostly on the Kings CrossCambridgeKing's Lynn route, though they can also be seen on other services. These units were delivered in a white livery, with Southern green doors and Southern moquette.

In 2018, 387105 was transferred to Gatwick Express services, but was not re-liveried into Gatwick Express red.[23] It was transferred back to Great Northern in May 2020.[24]

In March 2021, it was announced that Great Northern would be withdrawing the remaining Class 365s from service in May 2021, with Class 387s from the Gatwick Express brand used to replace them.[25][26]

Heathrow Express[edit]

387132 in Heathrow Express livery

In March 2018, Heathrow Airport Holdings came to an agreement with Great Western Railway to take over the operation of the Heathrow Express service between London Paddington and Heathrow Airport from August 2018.[27] In September 2019, Heathrow Express confirmed that operation of the service would pass to GWR with ownership remaining with Heathrow Airport Holdings until at least 2028. GWR would provide and maintain the Class 387 units for the service from 2020, with the Class 332 trains withdrawn from service.[28]

Twelve Class 387 units from the GWR fleet were modified to provide a dedicated set of trains for the service including first class accommodation, high speed Wi-Fi, additional luggage racks and on-board entertainment.[29][30] The Heathrow Express sub-fleet is designated as Class 387/1a due to their unique fitment of the ETCS signalling system for use in the Heathrow Airport railway tunnels.[7]

The first units entered revenue earning service with Heathrow Express on 29 December 2020.[31]

Former operations[edit]


Thameslink Class 387
387111 in Thameslink livery, now operating Great Northern services

The first Thameslink unit entered service in December 2014 with all in service by July 2015.[32] They were operated by Thameslink on services between Bedford and Brighton.

During Summer 2016, several of Gatwick Express Class 387/2 units entered service with Thameslink prior to introduction on Gatwick Express services due to the delay of the Class 700 units, although these returned to service with Gatwick Express after a few months.

The Class 387/1s have since been transferred to Great Northern working services from Kings Cross to Peterborough and Cambridge/King's Lynn.


Fleet details[edit]

Class Operator Number built Year built Cars per unit Unit numbers
387/1 Great Northern 29 2014–15 4 387101–387129
Heathrow Express 12 2016-17 4 387130-387141
Heathrow Express Class 387-1.png
Great Western Railway 33 2016–17 4 387142-387174
387/2 Gatwick Express 18 2015-16 4 387210–387227
Great Northern 9 387201–387209
387/3 c2c 3 2016 4 387303–387305
GWR (On hire from c2c) 3 387301–387302, 387306

Named units[edit]

The following units have received names:




  1. ^ "Last-ever Electrostar finished in Derby as 18 years of production come to an end". Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Bombardier to manufacture 116 new train carriages for Thameslink rolling stock cascade" (Press release). Southern. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  3. ^ Thameslink Southern & Great Northern Invitation to Tender Department for Transport 26 September 2013
  4. ^ "Commuters to benefit from state-of-the-art electric trains". GOV.UK. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  5. ^ Retrieved 23 March 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Porterbrook orders 387s to meet electrification demands" Rail issue 787 11 November 2015 page 13
  7. ^ a b c Office of Rail and Road (14 December 2020). "Authorisation of Class 387/1a against CCS TSI for the onboard use of ETCS Level NTC, ETCS Level 0, 1 and 2" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 January 2021.
  8. ^ a b "New trains for Gatwick Express and Thameslink". GOV.UK. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Govia and Bombardier sign Gatwick Express train contract". Railway Gazette International. DVV Media Group. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  10. ^ a b "Gatwick Express Class 387/2 EMU on test". Railway Gazette International. 23 July 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  11. ^ a b "Late-February debut for Gatwick Express Class 387/2s". Rail. Bauer Consumer Media. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  12. ^ "C2C CLASS 387/3S ARE IN SERVICE – TENDERING BEGINS FOR NEW TRAINS". The Railway Magazine. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  13. ^ Lea, Robert (11 April 2016). "Gatwick Express drivers' strike threat over longer trains". The Times. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  14. ^ "THE SAFETY-CRITICAL ROLE OF THE GUARD" (PDF). RMT. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 December 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Introducing our new trains". Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  16. ^ "First Electrostars enter service on Great Western Railway".
  17. ^ "GWR Electrostar fleet enters service after electrification completed". 2 January 2018. Archived from the original on 17 May 2018. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  18. ^ "New GWR trains enter service after electrification". BBC News. 2 January 2018. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  19. ^ Application to the Office of Rail Regulation for a passenger track access agreement, or amendment to a passenger track access agreement under sections 17-22A of the Railways Act 1993 Office of Rail & Road August 2020
  20. ^ "c2c Class 387s enter service". 22 December 2016.
  21. ^ "c2c delays: late night crush on trains so bad that 'businessmen wet themselves'". Evening Standard. 29 January 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  22. ^ "What complaints did you have about overcrowding before the timetable change, and how does it compare to now?". c2c. Archived from the original on 17 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  23. ^ 387/1 joins GatEx Rail issue 866 21 November 2018 page 29
  24. ^ Track Record The Railway Magazine issue 1432 July 2020 page 81
  25. ^ "Great Northern - Future-changes-to-trains-on-Great-Northern-routes". Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  26. ^ Stand down for GTR 365s Railways Illustrated May 2021 page 10
  27. ^ "GWR to manage Heathrow Express operations". International Railway Journal. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  28. ^ "Heathrow Express service confirmed to at least 2028". Heathrow Express. Archived from the original on 6 December 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  29. ^ 2018-03-28T09:58:56+01:00. "GWR to manage Heathrow Express service". Railway Gazette International. Archived from the original on 3 June 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  30. ^ "Heathrow Express | New Fleet". Heathrow Express. Archived from the original on 4 January 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  31. ^ "Today's the day we're rolling out our new Heathrow Express fleet!". Heathrow Express.
  32. ^ "Media centre | Thameslink".
  33. ^ "Collision with buffer stops at King's Cross station, London, 15 August 2017". GOV.UK. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  34. ^ Hartley-Parkinson, Richard (15 August 2017). "Meanwhile, a train at London's King's Cross Station appeared to have hit the buffers on platform nine". Metro. Associated Newspapers. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  35. ^ Trim, Liam (27 November 2018). "Photos show derailed train causing 'chaos' at Paddington". getwestlondon. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  36. ^ a b "Stock Changes". Today's Railways UK. No. 245. July 2022. p. 70.
  37. ^ a b "Depot Talk". Rail Express. No. 314. July 2022. p. 28.
  38. ^ a b c d e f "HEx 387s start to receive names". Today's Railways UK. No. 242. April 2022. p. 67.
  39. ^ a b "Stock Update". The Railway Magazine. No. 1455. June 2022. p. 85.

External links[edit]

Media related to British Rail Class 387 at Wikimedia Commons