British Rail Class 465

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British Rail Class 465 Networker
465174 leaving London Victoria (27244523631).jpg
Southeastern 465176 at London Victoria in 2016
465173 DMSO Interior.jpg
The refreshed interior of a Southeastern Class 465
In service13 October 1992 - Current[1]
ManufacturerBritish Rail Engineering Limited
ABB Rail
Metro Cammell
Family nameNetworker
Constructed1991 - 1994
Number built147 units
Formation4 cars per unit
Capacity348 seats (465/0, 465/1, 465/2)[2]
Car length
  • 20.89 m (68 ft 6 in) (DMSO, DMCO)
  • 20.06 m (65 ft 10 in) (Other vehicles)[2]
Width2.81 m (9 ft 3 in)[2]
Height3.77 m (12 ft 4 in)
Maximum speed75 mph (121 km/h)[2]
WeightTotal - 136 tonnes (133.9 long tons; 149.9 short tons)
Power output1,608 hp (1,199 kW)
Electric system(s)750 V DC third rail
Current collection methodContact shoe
Coupling systemTightlock
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The British Rail Class 465 Networker electric multiple units were built by Metro Cammell, and by British Rail Engineering Limited (BREL)[3] between 1991 and 1993 and then ABB Rail between 1993 and 1994. They were brought into service from 1992 and operated by Network SouthEast until 1997, then by Connex South Eastern until 2003, South Eastern Trains until 2006 and Southeastern to the present day.

They are mostly used on suburban routes serving the South East of England, although they have also been occasionally spotted elsewhere throughout Kent including the Kent Coast Line which is normally operated by Class 375s.

History of the class[edit]

Network SouthEast began the planning for the development of the Class 465 Networker in 1988, and invited a tender for 710 of the units to be built.[4] The Class 465 was introduced in order to replace the 41-year-old Class 415 (4EPB) slam-door EMUs.[5]

All trains were originally supplied in Network SouthEast livery and branded "Kent Link Networker".[5]

Two manufacturers[edit]

The easiest way to tell the two makes apart: The BREL unit on the right has air intakes above the main windows; the Metro Cammell on the left doesn't.

Both manufacturers' units look similar in design; the major differences are the lack of aircraft-style overhead air vents on those produced by Metro Cammell (465/2), and the BREL (465/0) and ABB (465/1) units also feature slightly different dot matrix displays on the front and rear of the train to show the route number and destination, compared to the Metro Cammell units. There are other minor differences in door switches and audible chimes, window shapes and exterior panelling.[4] The maximum speed of a Class 465 Networker is 75 mph (120 km/h)[6] and they are designed only for 750 V DC third rail operation. A Solid State Traction Converter package controls 3-phase AC Traction motors, which allows for Rheostatic or Regenerative Dynamic braking.[6] Primary braking system is electro-pneumatically actuated disc brakes, which is blended with the Dynamic brakes.[6] Tachometers on every axle of the unit provide for Wheel Slip/Slide Protection.[6]

Traction equipment replacement[edit]

Plans were drawn up in 2007 to improve reliability of the BREL and ABB units (Class 465/0 and 465/1) by the installation of new traction equipment.[7] The new package, commissioned by Southeastern and HSBC Rail, was developed by Hitachi Rail – which also developed the Class 395. It was retrofitted across Southeastern's 97 trains over the course of 2009/2010. Brush Traction, the supplier/manufacturer of the original traction equipment, worked as consultants to assist in retro-fitting the new equipment.[7][8]


Some Class 465/2 EMUs were given a 'Networker Weald' refresh - one of those treated was 465907 at Ashford International
The interior of the First Class cabin, located in each DMCO vehicle at both front and rear of the train.
The refreshed interior of a Standard Class saloon.

In 2005, 34 465/2 units (465201-465234) were given an extensive refurbishment.[1] This included new interior panelling, new flooring, new lighting, new seat moquette (in the same grey and blue design as on the Class 375 Electrostars) and the addition of a new first class seating area at the front and rear of the units, amongst other changes.[1] This was done with the intention that they would be cascaded to outer-suburban routes alongside the Class 375s; they would be replaced on inner suburban services by Class 376 units. They were reclassified as a separate sub-fleet designated 465/9 (465901–465934) and replaced the remaining life-expired Class 423 4-VEP slam-door stock. This was coming to the end of its life on Kent outer-suburban services, and did not comply with modern health & safety requirements; the last Class 423s were withdrawn in October 2005.[1]

From 2010 all Class 465/1 and 465/2s had an overhaul of door systems, air systems, couplings and trailer bogies. The overhaul was carried out by RailCare for Eversholt Rail Group and was completed on 21 May 2012.[9]

Fleet details[edit]

465027 at Bromley South
Class 365 cab interior; Class 465 and 466 are similar.

Production and numbering[edit]

Class Introduced Manufacturer Number Range Comments
Class 465/0 1991-93 BREL 465001-050 - Repainted units: 465001-050 (All Completed)
Currently going under refurbishment for better disabled access (in progress)
Class 465/1 1993-94 ABB 465151-197 - Repainted units: 465151-197 (All Completed)
Class 465/2 1991-93 Metro Cammell 465235-250 - Repainted units: 465235-250 (All Completed)
Class 465/3 1992 ABB 465301 Demonstrator for Universal Networker (Class 365)
Class 465/9 1991-93 Metro Cammell 465901-934 Converted from 465/2 units. (465201 - 465234)
- Repainted units: 465901-934 (All Completed)
Currently going under refurbishment for better disabled access (in progress)

Detailed specifications[edit]

 Specification   Sub-class / related class 
 465/0   465/1   465/2   465/9   466 
Currently owned by: Eversholt Rail Group Eversholt Rail Group Angel Trains Angel Trains Angel Trains
Operated by: Southeastern (previously Network SouthEast, Connex South Eastern and South Eastern Trains)
Routes used on: Metro & Outer Suburban Metro & Outer Suburban Metro & Outer Suburban Outer Suburban Metro, Outer Suburban & Branch Lines
Built: 1991-1993 by BREL York 1993-1994 by ABB York 1991-1993 by Metro Cammell 1991-1993 by Metro Cammell
Refurbished 2005 by Wabtec, Doncaster Works
Improvement works for better toilets & disabled access 2016-17 (in progress)
1993-1994 by Metro Cammell
Construction: Welded aluminium alloy
Doors: Air powered sliding plug
Gangways: Within 4-coach unit only
Electrical Equipment: Hitachi IGBT inverter technology Solid state Traction Converter using GTO inverters. Solid state Auxiliary Converter. Wheel Slip/Slide protection
Traction motors: Four Brush TIM970 three-phase induction motors of 280 kW (380 hp) GEC-Alsthom G352AY three-phase induction motors of 280 kW (380 hp)
Couplers: Tightlock (with underslung electrical/air connector box)
Suspension: Primary: spring Secondary: airbag
Bogies: BREL P3/T3 SRP BP62/BT52 BREL P3/T3
Maximum speed: 75 mph (121 km/h)
Dimensions: 20.89 or 20.06 x 2.81 m
Train brakes: Primary: Disc Secondary: Rheostatic (and Regenerative capable but currently disabled)
Mass: 28.6–38.9 t (28.1–38.3 long tons; 31.5–42.9 short tons)
Multiple working: Within Class 365, Class 465 and Class 466. Additionally Class 319 (via Coupling Changeover Switch for assistance only)


  1. ^ a b c d Class 465/466: Kent Link Networker Page 3 - Kent Rail. Retrieved 2013-01-01.
  2. ^ a b c d 465/2 - GEC-ALSTOM - Angel Trains. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  3. ^ "Manufacturer BREL: Class 465 Electric Multiple Unit data sheet" (pdf). Eversholt Leasing. Retrieved 2017-10-03.
  4. ^ a b Classes 465 and 466 - Welcome to the Southern E-Group Web Site. Retrieved 2010-12-17
  5. ^ a b Class 465/466: Kent Link Networker Page 1 - Kent Rail. Retrieved 2013-01-01.
  6. ^ a b c d Connex South Eastern: Train Operating Manual Classes 365,465,466. (Unit information) January 1998.
  7. ^ a b Networkers get a traction transplant - Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2011-03-18
  8. ^ CLASS 465 TRAINS WITH NEW HITACHI TRACTION DRIVE HANDED BACK TO SOUTHEASTERN AS SCHEDULED Archived 30 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine - Retrieved 2011-03-18.
  9. ^ "Eversholt Rail".

External links[edit]