British Rail Class 465
|British Rail Class 465 Networker|
|In service||13 October 1992 – present|
|Manufacturer||British Rail Engineering Limited|
|Built at||York Carriage Works (BREL & ABB)|
Washwood Heath (Metro-Cammell)
|Number built||147 sets|
|Formation||4 cars per set:|
|Capacity||334 seats (465/0, 465/1)|
331 seats (465/2)
319 seats (465/9)
|Width||2.81 m (9 ft 3 in)|
|Height||3.77 m (12 ft 4 in)|
|Maximum speed||75 mph (121 km/h)|
|Weight||Total - 136 tonnes (133.9 long tons; 149.9 short tons)|
|Traction system||465/2 and 465/9: GEC Alsthom GTO-VVVF (also used on 465/0 and 465/1 pre-traction upgrade)|
465/0 and 465/1: Hitachi IGBT-VVVF (post-traction upgrade)
|Traction motors||3-phase AC induction motor |
465/2 and 465/9: G352AY (GEC Alsthom)
465/0 and 465/1: TIM970 (Brush Traction)
|Power output||1,608 hp (1,199 kW)|
|Acceleration||0.98 m/s2 (2.2 mph/s)|
|Electric system(s)||750 V DC third rail|
|Current collection method||Contact shoe|
|Multiple working||Within class and with Class 466|
(Class 319 for assistance only)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The British Rail Class 465 Networker is a class of 147 electric multiple units built by Metro-Cammell, British Rail Engineering Limited (BREL) and ABB Rail between 1991 and 1994, designed for fast acceleration. The units are operated by Southeastern.
The Network SouthEast sector of British Rail began the planning for the development of the Class 465 Networker in 1988, and invited a tender for 710 of the units to be built. The Class 465 was introduced in order to replace the 41-year-old Class 415 (4EPB) slam-door EMUs.
The first was delivered in December 1991 and the last in April 1995. As part of the privatisation of British Rail, the 97 465/0 and 465/1s were sold to Eversholt Rail Group and the 50 Class 465/2s to Angel Trains.
All trains were originally supplied in Network SouthEast livery and branded "Kent Link Networker". They are mostly used on suburban routes out of London Victoria, Charing Cross, Blackfriars and Cannon Street to destinations in South London and Kent.
Due to the size of the original order, British Rail approached two separate manufacturers to supply the new rolling stock. The first two sub-classes (designated 465/0 and 465/1) were built by BREL/ABB while the third sub-class (465/2) as well as the two-car (466) units were built by Metro-Cammell. Although built to the same specification and utilised interchangeably, there are subtle differences between the two fleets and they do not share common parts. The maximum speed of a Class 465 is 75 mph (120 km/h) and they are designed only for 750 V DC third rail operation. A Solid State Traction Converter package controls 3-phase AC Traction motors, which allows for Rheostatic or Regenerative Dynamic braking. Primary braking system is electro-pneumatically actuated disc brakes, which is blended with the Dynamic brakes. Tachometers on every axle of the unit provide for Wheel Slip/Slide Protection.
Traction equipment replacement
Plans were drawn up in 2007 to improve reliability of the BREL and ABB units (Class 465/0 and 465/1) by the installation of new traction equipment. The new package was developed by Hitachi Rail. It was retrofitted across all 97 465/0 and 465/1s trains over the course of 2009/2010. Brush Traction, the supplier/manufacturer of the original traction equipment, worked as consultants to assist in retro-fitting the new equipment.
In 2005, the first 34 465/2 units (465201-465234) were given an extensive refurbishment at Doncaster Works. This included new interior panelling, new flooring, new lighting, new seat moquette (in the same grey and blue design as on the Class 375 Electrostars) and the addition of a new first class seating area at the front and rear of the units, amongst other changes. This was done to allow them to be transferred to outer-suburban routes alongside the Class 375s. They would be replaced on inner suburban services by Class 376s. They were reclassified as a separate sub-fleet designated 465/9 (465901–465934) and replaced the remaining Class 423 slam-door stock. The last in Network SouthEast livery was repainted in September 2007.
Between 2010 and 2012, all Class 465/0 and 465/1s had an overhaul by RailCare of door systems, air systems, couplings and trailer bogies.
Production and numbering
|Class||Operator||No. Built||Year Built||Cars per Set||Manufacturer||Unit nos.||Notes|
|Class 465/3||1||1992||ABB||465301||Demonstrator for Universal Networker (Class 365),|
renumbered 465037 after use as a demonstrator
|Class 465/9||34||1991–93||Metro-Cammell||465901–934||Converted from 465/2 units (465201–234)|
|Specification||Sub-class / related class|
|Currently owned by||Eversholt Rail Group||Eversholt Rail Group||Angel Trains||Angel Trains|
|Routes used on||Metro & Outer Suburban||Metro & Outer Suburban||Metro & Outer Suburban||Outer Suburban|
|Built||1991–93 by BREL/ABB York||1993–94 by ABB York||1991–93 by Metro-Cammell||1991–93 by Metro-Cammell|
Refurbished 2005 by Wabtec, Doncaster Works
Improvement works for better toilets & disabled access 2016–17
|Electrical Equipment||Hitachi IGBT inverter technology||GEC-Alsthom Solid state Traction Converter using GTO inverters. Solid state Auxiliary Converter. Wheel Slip/Slide protection|
|Traction motors||Four Brush TIM970 three-phase induction motors of 280 kW (380 hp)||GEC-Alsthom G352AY three-phase induction motors of 280 kW (380 hp)|
|Bogies||BREL P3/T3||SRP BP62/BT52|
- "Class 465/466: Kent Link Networker Page". Kent Rail. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Class 465 - South Eastern". Angel Trains. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017.
- "South Eastern Franchise Invitation to Tender" (PDF). Department for Transport. November 2017. Archived from the original (pdf) on 8 January 2021.
- Connex South Eastern: Train Operating Manual Classes 365,465,466. (Unit information) January 1998.
- "CLASS 465". eversholtrail.co.uk. Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
- Connex South Eastern: Train Operating Manual Classes 365,465,466. p.A.6 (Unit information) January 1998.
- "Classes 465 and 466". Archived from the original on 8 January 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
- "Class 465/466: Kent Link Networker Page 1". Kent Rail. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Networker: Dawn of a New Era". The Railway Magazine. No. 1090. February 1992. p. 18.
- "Last Networker". Rail. No. 252. 10 May 1995. p. 4.
- "Class 465". Eversholt Rail Group. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021.
- "Our trains". Southeastern. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021.
- "Southeastern to take Class 707s". Rail Express. No. 289. June 2020. p. 9.
- "Class 465 & 466 Networker units put into store". Rail Express. No. 303. August 2021. p. 30.
- "Networkers get a traction transplant". Railway Gazette International. 24 January 2008.[dead link]
- "Networkers to get Hitachi traction package". The Railway Magazine. No. 1275. July 2007. p. 77.
- "Class 465 traction upgrade in full flow". The Railway Magazine. No. 1304. December 2009. p. 79.
- "Class 465 Trains With New Hitachi Traction Drive Handed Back to Southeastern as Scheduled". Hitachi Rail. Archived from the original on 30 April 2009.
- "SET launches refurbished 465/9s". Entrain. No. 43. July 2005. p. 56.
- "New look for South Eastern Networkers". The Railway Magazine. No. 1251. July 2005. p. 75.
- "Refreshing the 465s". Rail. No. 520. 17 August 2005. pp. 40–43.
- "After 21 years, no more NSE". Rail. No. 575. 26 September 2007. p. 9.
- "Eversholt Rail Group Completes Class 465/0 and 465/1 Fleet Refurbishment". Eversholt Rail. 21 May 2012. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021.
- "'465/2' 'Networkers' Stopped". Rail Express. No. December 2021. p. 28.
Media related to British Rail Class 465 at Wikimedia Commons