British Rail Class 58

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British Rail Class 58
58001 at Doncaster Works.JPG
Type and origin
Power type Diesel-electric
Builder British Rail Engineering Limited, Doncaster Works
Build date 1983-1987
Total produced 50
Specifications
Configuration:
 • UIC Co′Co′
 • Commonwealth Co-Co
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Wheel diameter 1,120 mm (44.09 in)
Minimum curve 4 chains (264.00 ft; 80.47 m)
Wheelbase bogie: 4.18 m (13 ft 9 in)
bogie centres: 14.85 m (48 ft 9 in)
Length 19.13 m (62 ft 9 in)
Width 2.72 m (8 ft 11 in)
Height 3.91 m (12 ft 10 in)
Loco weight 130 tonnes (127.9 long tons; 143.3 short tons)
Fuel capacity 4,480 litres (990 imp gal; 1,180 US gal)
Prime mover Ruston Paxman 12RK3ACT
Alternator Brush BA1101B
Traction motors Brush TM73-62
Cylinder size 254 mm × 305 mm (10.0 in × 12.0 in),
bore × stroke
MU working Red Diamond
Train brakes Air
Performance figures
Maximum speed 80 mph (129 km/h)
Power output Engine: 3,300 hp (2,460 kW)
At Rail: 2,387 hp (1,780 kW)
Tractive effort Maximum: 60,000 lbf (267 kN)
Brakeforce 60 tonnes (59.1 long tons; 66.1 short tons)
Career
Operators British Rail
EWS / DB Cargo UK
Numbers 58001-58050
Nicknames Bone
Axle load class Route availability 7

The British Rail Class 58 is a class of Co-Co diesel locomotive designed for heavy freight. Introduced in 1983, they followed American practice of modularisation. EWS withdrew them in 2002 after 20 years in service, and 32 were hired abroad – four to the Netherlands, eight to Spain and twenty to France.

History[edit]

In the late 1970s, British Rail wanted to develop a new, low-cost, easily maintainable freight locomotive that would handle the predicted rail freight growth during the 1980s. The Class 56 had a troublesome entry into service, and BR was also keen to enter the export market. Pre-production drawings of the Class 58s referred to them as "Standard Export Locomotives".[1]

Once a design for the new Class 58 had been approved by the British Railways Board, the contract to build the locomotives was awarded to British Rail Engineering Limited's (BREL) Doncaster Works where work started on a major multi-million pound upgrade of ‘E2’ shop where the locomotives would be manufactured. BREL dropped traditional locomotive construction methods in favour of an entirely new approach – an innovative modular design. This offered savings on construction and maintenance compared to previous locomotive builds. The load-bearing underframe was fitted with exchangeable modules - number 1 cab, radiator, power unit, turbocharger, electrical equipment and number 2 cab. If required, each module could be easily removed from the underframe and replaced.[2]

The narrow body with cabs at either end led to them being given the nickname "Bone" by rail enthusiasts, but the design also made an American-style single cab version possible.[1]

Service[edit]

The first locomotive, 58001, was handed over to British Rail at Doncaster Works on 9 December 1982 and delivery of the remainder of the locomotives continued until early 1987 with the final delivery of 58050. This loco was temporarily fitted with a Sepex wheelslip control system, but upon completion experimental testing the equipment was removed before the locomotive entered traffic. SEPEX was central to the design of the Class 60. No export orders were received and so the jigs at Doncaster were dismantled and 58050 became not only the last Class 58 to be built, but the last diesel locomotive to be built at ‘The Plant’.

Since they were introduced in the early 1980s, the 58s saw service on a variety of freight duties. Despite claims made at the time, their performance was actually inferior to Class 56s on many types of freight train due to their increased tendency to wheelslip, largely as a result of bogie design. Although originally allocated to coal traffic, their arrival coincided with the miners' strike, and British Rail apparently only tolerated the construction of so many because the components were already on order.[3] As a result, the 58s could also be seen working other types of freight traffic. With the advent of privatisation in the 1990s, Class 58s greatly extended the geographical scope of their operations and were used on general freight traffic until withdrawal.

In their day, Class 58s were powerful and capable freight locomotives, although not without their flaws. However, by the turn of the century they compared unfavourably with the new generation of locomotives and were quickly supplanted by Class 66s. In comparison, Class 58s were expensive to maintain and operate, and delivered much lower availability.[disputed ]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Withdrawal[edit]

During the late 1990s, it was almost certain that the entire Class 58 fleet would see in the next millennium as working locomotives. However, despite being quoted as EWS’s most reliable and consistent Type 5s, it was announced in 1999 that a large number of Class 58s were going to be placed into long-term storage: 58017 was the first to be stored, quickly followed by 58022.

Since then, the remainder of the Class 58s were stored at various points around Britain. This was hastened by the introduction of 250 Class 66s. The last few Class 58 locomotives were withdrawn in September 2002 after working the last charter train, the "Bone Idol" from King's Cross to Skegness and return.

Seven Class 58s were put on the DB Schenker April 2010 disposals list. This is the first time stored Class 58s have been put up for sale. One of these, 58016, has entered preservation at Barrow Hill with the Class 58 Locomotive Group (C58LG).[5]

Five class 58s were listed for disposal by DB Schenker October 2015 disposals list. Namely 58008, 58012, 58022, 58023, and 58048.

According to Railways Illustrated for August 2014: "..the story of the 58s has been one of a shocking waste - they were nowhere near life-expired when withdrawn and to see them sitting in depots in France when there is a shortage of locos in the UK is baffling..." [6]

Disposal[edit]

In January 2016 it was reported that DB Schenker had disposed of its last Class 58s. Of these 58 012, 58 022, 58 023, & 048 were saved, but 58 008 is to be scrapped by Raxstar.[7]

Service in Continental Europe[edit]

EWS announced in 2000 that eight Class 58s were to be moved to Spain (on hire to Spanish infrastructure operator GIF) and later, a large number of Class 58s (alongside Class 56s) operated in France for Fertis, TSO and Seco Rail.

In May 2007, all of the locomotives from the French contract were returned to the UK and placed back into storage.[8] The Spanish locomotives remain active however now under the ownership of Transfesa .[9] The locomotives that were returned to the UK were sent back abroad to France from May–October 2009 on hire to operators TSO and ETF.[10] The Dutch locomotives were prepared for further use in France before being transported to France in July 2009.[11]

Names and numbers[edit]

Key: In Service Withdrawn/Stored (UK) Withdrawn/Stored (Exported) Preserved Scrapped
Number Name Built UK Withdrawal Export Status Disposal
58001 09 Dec 82 08 Oct 99 13 Aug 09 Stored (France)
58002 Daw Mill Colliery, 17 Mar 88 09 May 83 09 Nov 00 Stored
58003 Markham Colliery, ## Jul 88 31 Jul 83 29 Nov 99 Scrapped EMR Kingsbury, Aug 2010
58004 30 Sep 83 09 Jan 02 15 Oct 04 Stored (France)
58005 Ironbridge Power Station, 12 May 96 31 Oct 83 13 Oct 00 20 Jun 09 Stored (France)
58006 31 Oct 83 11 Jan 00 24 Nov 09 Stored (France)
58007 Drakelow Power Station, 25 Aug 90 31 Nov 83 19 Jan 00 14 Oct 04 Stored (France)
58008 31 Dec 83 29 Nov 99 Scrapped Ron Hull Jr's scrapyard at Rotherham in 2016.
58009 31 Jan 84 16 Jan 02 03 Nov 04 Stored (France)
58010 Audrey Newton, 12 Dec 87 (Worn for 1 day only) 29 Feb 84 08 Dec 99 23 Jun 04 Stored (France)
58011 Worksop Depot, 05 Sep 93 31 Mar 84 07 Dec 99 30 Jun 05 Stored (France)
58012 31 Mar 84 05 Dec 99 Stored Purchased for Preservation in 2016 from Ron Hull Jr's scrapyard and now stored at the Battlefield Line awaiting restoration.
58013 31 Mar 84 26 Apr 01 24 Jun 01 Stored (France)
58014 Didcot Power Station, 11 Jun 88 30 Apr 84 17 Nov 00 Scrapped EMR Kingsbury, Aug 2010
58015 30 Sep 84 08 Oct 99 07 Oct 04 Stored (Spain)
58016 05 Oct 84 05 Aug 02 14 May 05 Under Restoration Purchased for preservation on 28 Jun 10 by the C58LG and now undergoing restoration at Barrow Hill Roundhouse now owned by UK Rail Leasing Locomotives at Leicester where it will be used on hire to Heritage Railways.
58017 Eastleigh Depot, 26 Apr 95 31 Oct 84 30 Apr 99 Stored
58018 High Marnham Power Station, 21 May 88 31 Oct 84 07 Dec 99 23 Aug 05 In Service (France)
58019 Shirebrook Colliery, 01 Oct 89 30 Nov 84 07 Apr 01 Scrapped
58020 Doncaster Works BRE, 07 Nov 84 & Doncaster Works, ## May 87 30 Nov 84 02 Sep 02 23 May 04 In Service (Spain)
58021 Hither Green Depot, 28 Oct 85 31 Dec 84 03 Aug 02 13 Jul 05 In Service (France)
58022 31 Dec 84 11 Mar 02 Stored Heritage Shunters Trust, Rowsley now owned by Ivatt Diesel Recreation Society and chassis be used for the recreation of the replica of LMS 10000.
58023 Peterborough Depot, 02 Jun 95 31 Dec 84 24 Jul 99 Operational. Purchased in 2016 along with 58012 and 58048 to the Battlefield Line and returned to service on November 2016 now operational in private ownership.
58024 31 Dec 84 02 Sep 02 23 May 04 In Service (Spain)
58025 31 Jan 85 05 Aug 02 23 May 04 Stored (Spain)
58026 31 Mar 85 16 Jan 2 20 Jun 09 Stored (France)
58027 31 Mar 85 05 Sep 99 21 Oct 04 Stored (Spain)
58028 31 Mar 85 29 Oct 99 Scrapped EMR Kingsbury, Aug 2010
58029 31 Mar 85 25 Jun 02 23 May 04 In Service (Spain)
58030 30 Jun 85 01 Aug 02 23 May 04 In Service (Spain)
58031 Cabellero Ferroviario, ## Jun 08 30 Sep 85 06 Apr 02 23 May 04 In Service (Spain)
58032 Thorsby Colliery, ## Oct 95 30 Sep 85 12 Jan 00 19 Oct 04 Stored (France)
58033 30 Sep 85 31 Aug 02 28 Oct 04 Stored (France)
58034 Bassetlaw, 12 Dec 85 30 Nov 85 18 Aug 99 21 Oct 04 Stored (France)
58035 31 Jan 86 30 Jun 99 27 Oct 04 Stored (France)
58036 28 Feb 86 10 Mar 00 11 Sep 99 Stored (France)
58037 Worksop Depot, 26 Jun 00 28 Feb 86 08 Apr 02 Stored
58038 28 Feb 86 04 Dec 99 07 May 05 Stored (France)
58039 Rugeley Power Station, 13 Sep 86 31 Mar 86 30 Dec 99 25 Jun 03 Stored (France)
58040 Cottam Power Station, 20 Sep 86 31 Mar 86 07 Dec 99 13 Nov 04 Stored (France)
58041 Ratcliffe Power Station, 06 Sep 86 31 Mar 86 08 Jul 02 03 Apr 03 In Service (Spain)
58042 Ironbridge Power Station, 29 Sep 86 & Petrolea, 05 Feb 96 31 May 86 13 Apr 02 20 Aug 09 Stored (France)
58043 Knottingly, 25 Apr 93 31 Jul 86 01 Aug 02 03 Apr 03 In Service (Spain)
58044 Oxcroft Opencast, 09 May 92 31 Aug 86 24 Jul 99 16 Oct 03 Scrapped EMR Kingsbury
58045 30 Sep 86 31 Aug 02 Scrapped Purchased on 07 Jul 10 by the C58LG to provide spares for 58016, later cut up at EMR Kingsbury in Oct 2010
58046 Thoresby Colliery, 29 Jun 91 & Ashfordby Mine, 27 Sep 95 31 Oct 83 13 Jan 00 09 Sep 04 In Service (France)
58047 Manton Colliery, 28 Apr 92 31 Oct 86 04 Sep 02 28 Oct 04 In Service (Spain)
58048 Coventry Colliery, 11 May 91 30 Nov 86 19 Jan 00 Under Restoration. Purchased in 2016 from Ron Hull Jr's scrapyard at Rotherham with 58012 and 58023. this engine is being restored and will be joining 58016 in preservation and be used by UK Rail Leasing Locomotives at Leicester where it will go onto hire on Heritage Railways.
58049 Littleton Colliery, 14 Mar 87 31 Dec 86 29 May 02 17 Nov 04 Stored (France)
58050 Toton Traction Depot, 09 May 87 31 Mar 87 05 Aug 02 18 Sep 08 Stored (Spain)

Preservation[edit]

On 28 June 2010, DB Schenker confirmed that the Class 58 Locomotive Group's bid for 58016 had been accepted and thus the locomotive would become the first preserved example of its type. Shortly afterwards, on 7 July, the group announced they had also acquired another locomotive, 58045, as a spares donor. A subsequent posting on the group's website said that the stripping of 045 had proceeded apace and all parts recovered were to be initially stored until the restoration of 016 commences properly.[12]

In 2016 both 58012 and 58023 were both saved from Ron Hull Jr's scrapyard at Rotherham[13][14] and are now at the Battlefield Line, privately owned in preservation. 58023 is now in running order, and there are also plans to restore 58012 to running order as well.

58048 is also owned by the Battlefield Line[15][16] however it is planned that it will be saved for preservation to join the heritage roster at UK Rail Leasing Locomotives in Leicester where it will be on hire to Heritage Railways.

Class 58022 was saved by the Ivatt Diesel Recreation Society with plans to build a replica of LMS 10000. The group intends to use the chassis of 58022 for the rebuilding of the locomotive with the rest being scrapped.[17]

As of 2018 five members of the class have been preserved.

List of preserved locomotives[edit]

Number Name Livery Status Location Notes
58012 N/A Stored Battlefield Line Purchased from Ron Hull Jr's scrapyard in 2016 and now stored awaiting restoration.
58016 Fertis Grey Under Restoration Barrow Hill Roundhouse Purchased for preservation in Oct 2010 to become the First member of class to be preserved.
58022 N/A Stored Peak Rail Purchased from Ron Hull Jr's scrapyard in 2016 and now stored awaiting restoration.
58023 Peterborough Depot Mainline Blue Operational Battlefield Line Purchased for preservation in 2016 from Ron Hull Jr's scrapyard along with 58012 & 58048 and moved to the Battlefield Line. This was the first Class 58 to be started in preservation.
58048 Coventry Colliery N/A Under Restoration Battlefield Line Purchased from Ron Hull Jr's scrapyard in 2016 along with 58012 & 58023 and now undergoing restoration.

Livery[edit]

From new, all locos were outshopped in Railfreight grey, with yellow ends and red solebars. The introduction of Railfreight sector liveries from October 1987 saw 58050 outshopped by Stratford in the new triple grey scheme, complete with the Railfreight coal sub-sector logo. Eventually the majority of the fleet were repainted in triple grey livery. Upon shadow privatisation of the UK freight business, Mainline Freight became the owners of the 50 strong fleet, which saw a small number re-painted into the operator's aircraft blue and silver livery, while others had Mainline Freight branding applied to the triple grey bodywork. With full privatisation and the takeover of the freight operations by EWS, maroon and gold became the standard livery for repainted examples from mid-1997 and beyond.

58021 in Mainline Freight livery (2000) 
Spanish infrastructure operator GIF's livery (2003) 
ACTS 5812 in the Netherlands (2008) 
LGV Rhin-Rhône construction train in France (2010) 

Models[edit]

In 1979, prior to the building of the first locomotive by British Rail Engineering Limited, a 1:25 scale model was made by a member of the staff of the Locomotive Drawing Office at the Railway Technical Centre (RTC) in Derby, using the General Arrangement drawings of the proposed design. The model formed part of an exhibition at the RTC to illustrate the work of the Locomotive Design Office to the then Chairman of British Rail, Sir Peter Parker. In 1982 Hornby Railways released 00 gauge model of a Class 58, with variants produced over the next two decades.[18] Heljan released an OO model in 2008.[19] In 2011 Dapol released a model in N scale.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Artists Impressions - Locomotives". TheRailwayCentre.com. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  2. ^ "Class 58". Southern E-Group. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  3. ^ Thomas, David St John; Whitehouse, Patrick (1990). BR in the Eighties. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 142. ISBN 0-7153-9854-7. 
  4. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1993). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 8. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 38. ISBN 0-906899-52-4. 
  5. ^ "About us | Class 58 Loco Group". C58lg.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-28. 
  6. ^ Railways Illustrated, August 2014, page 94, ISSN 1479-2230
  7. ^ Rail Magazine Issue 792, Page 29, 20 January 2016
  8. ^ "Focus: France WZFF WZGF WZKF". Wnxx.com. Retrieved 2014-04-28. 
  9. ^ Lowe, Chris (2011-10-20). "58s in Spain change hands | Class 58 Loco Group". C58lg.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-04-28. 
  10. ^ "Focus: France WZFF 2009". Wnxx.com. Retrieved 2014-04-28. 
  11. ^ "Focus: Holland WZFH". Wnxx.com. Retrieved 2014-04-28. 
  12. ^ "News". Class 58 Locomotive Group. Archived from the original on 17 July 2010. 
  13. ^ Rail (UK) (7 May 2016). "Battlefield transfer for ex-DB '58s'". PressReader. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  14. ^ "Mainline 58023 first start up in preservation on the Battlefield Line 17th November 2016". BritishRailways.tv. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  15. ^ Rail (UK) (4 June 2016). "Raxstar scraps former DB Cargo Class 58". PressReader. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  16. ^ Hood, Jason (13 August 2016). "Ex-British Rail Class 58 No.58048". Flickr. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  17. ^ Ivatt Diesel (8 January 2016). "Successful Purchase of a suitable chassis and components". LMS10000. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  18. ^ "Hornby Railways Collector Guide - Class - Class 58 (Type 5) - Diesel-Electric", www.hornbyguide.com, retrieved 10 January 2012 
  19. ^ "Class 58 models in 'OO' gauge: HELJAN", www.c58lg.co.uk 
  20. ^ "Dapol launches 'N' gauge Class 58", www.hornbymagazine.com, 1 June 2011, archived from the original on 6 September 2011 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]