British Rail Class 730
|British Rail Class 730 Aventra|
|In service||Planned for 2022–2023|
|Built at||Derby Litchurch Lane Works|
|Number under construction||71|
|Operator(s)||West Midlands Railway|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC overhead|
|Multiple working||Within class|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The British Rail Class 730 Aventra is a type of electric multiple unit train designed by Bombardier Transportation and built by Alstom for West Midlands Trains. Two separate batches of the fleet will be built; 36 three-car units are intended to be operated on West Midlands Railway's suburban services, primarily the Cross-City Line, and 45 five-car units are intended to be operated on London Northwestern Railway's suburban and long-distance services.
In October 2017, West Midlands Trains were awarded the franchise to operate both local rail services around Birmingham and the West Midlands, suburban services to London Euston, and long-distance inter-urban services operating from both Euston and Birmingham New Street. At the time the franchise was awarded, the company announced that it would procure more than 100 new trains at a cost of £680m to replace older rolling stock and enhance its fleet. Of these, a total of 81 EMUs were ordered from Bombardier Transportation from its Aventra product range. They are being built at Derby Litchurch Lane Works. The first completed train was unveiled in September 2020.
Testing and introduction into service
The Class 730 was tested in Velim in the Czech Republic, as well as in the UK. They will enter service in 2022 and will be the second new West Midlands Railway fleet to be introduced, with first being the Class 196. The introduction of these trains will allow the Class 323s to be withdrawn with 17 sets being cascaded to Northern Trains. It will also ensure the withdrawal of the Class 350/2 units on the West Midlands Trains network.
Testing of Class 730 units on the West Midlands Trains network began in March 2021, and in February 2022 the 36 Class 730/0 units received authorisation for service from the Office of Rail and Road.
The two separate batches will be constructed to operate at different maximum speeds to suit different uses. The three-car Class 730/0 trains - designed for Cross-City Line inner suburban services - will operate at up to 90 mph (140 km/h) and will double capacity on the Cross City Line. The five-car Class 730/1 and 730/2 trains - designed for outer suburban services and long-distance services respectively - will operate at up to 110 mph (180 km/h).
|Class||Operator||No. Built||Year Built||Cars per Unit||Unit nos.|
|Class 730/0||West Midlands Trains||36||2021–present||3||730001–730036|
- "Class 730 Fleet". West Midlands Railway. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
- "Class 730 fleet | LNR | London Northwestern Railway". www.londonnorthwesternrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
- "Class 700 - Class 730 | UK Rail Log". Retrieved 1 May 2022.
- Fletcher, Steve (2 February 2022). "THE RAILWAYS (INTEROPERABILITY) REGULATIONS 2011, AS AMENDED - AUTHORISATION OF CLASS 730/0 - UNIT NUMBERS (INCLUSIVE) 730001 TO 730036" (PDF). Letter to Paul Carter (Bombardier Transportation UK Ltd d.b.a Alstom). Office of Rail and Road. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
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- "Class 323 EMUs to remain in traffic with Northern". Rail. No. 886. 28 August 2019. p. 30.
- "New 'Aventra' train pays a visit to Redditch as it builds up the miles". Redditch Standard. Retrieved 30 June 2021.