British Rail Class 802
|British Rail Class 802 AT300|
|In service||18 August 2018 - present (GWR)|
28 September 2019 - present (TPE)
5 December 2019 - present (HT)
|Manufacturer||Hitachi Rail Europe|
|Built at||Kasado factory (Japan)|
|Constructed||2017 - 2020|
|Number built||46 x 5-car|
14 x 9-car
|Capacity||GWR: 5 car set: 290 standard, 36 first - 9 car set: 576 standard, 71 first |
TPE: 318 standard, 24 first 
|Operator(s)||Great Western Railway|
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Car length||26 m (85 ft 3+5⁄8 in)|
|Doors||Sliding pocket, at body ends.|
|Maximum speed||125 mph (201 km/h)|
Minor modifications: 140 mph (225 km/h)
|Prime mover(s)||MTU 12V 1600 R80L (three per 5-car unit, five per 9-car unit)|
|Engine type||21-litre V12 turbo-Diesel|
|Power output||700 kW (940 hp) per engine|
|Acceleration||1 m/s2 (2.2 mph/s; 3.6 km/(h⋅s))|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC overhead lines|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Safety system(s)||AWS, TPWS, ETCS, ATP (GWR Units)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Based on the design of the Hitachi A-train, the train is part of the Hitachi AT300 product family. Each train operating company has also given their own units a unique brand; Great Western Railway's units are branded as Intercity Express Trains (IET), TransPennine Express units are branded as Nova 1s and Hull Trains' units are branded as Paragons.
In mid-2015, Great Western Railway said it had arranged to procure 173 new rail vehicles from Hitachi Rail, with options for another 150. At the time, GWR was beginning the process of introducing a new fleet of intercity trains as part of the Government's Intercity Express Programme. This project involved the procurement of both wholly electric units (Class 801), and "bi-mode" trains (Class 800), powered by electric traction motors capable of running from overhead electric wires or on-board diesel generators. These trains were intended to replace the existing High Speed Trains following the electrification of the Great Western Main Line. However, electrification will only go as far as Cardiff Central, with the route beyond requiring diesel traction (hence the need to procure trains capable of operating without overhead wires).
The purchase of 173 additional vehicles was with the intention that these new bi-mode trains, similar to the Class 800s, would be used on services into Devon and Cornwall. These trains would consist of 22 five-car and 7 nine-car units. The option for a further 150 vehicles would be formed into another 30 five-car units.
Initially, owing to Hitachi's facility at Newton Aycliffe in County Durham being at capacity, the intention was to construct the trains at the Kasado factory in Kudamatsu in Japan. However, following Hitachi's purchase of the Italian train manufacturer AnsaldoBreda, construction was moved to Hitachi's Pistoia plant, with the first unit being completed in February 2018.
The trains were expected to enter service with GWR from 2018, with the aim of reducing journey times from London to Exeter by up to five minutes, to Plymouth by up to six minutes, and to Penzance by up to 14 minutes.
The Class 802s are broadly identical to the Class 800 bi-mode trains used in the Intercity Express Programme, and are used in a similar way; they run as electric trains where possible, and are equipped with the same diesel generator engines as the Class 800. However, they utilise higher engine operating power – 700 kW (940 hp) per engine as opposed to 560 kW (750 hp) – and are fitted with larger fuel tanks to cope with the gradients and extended running in diesel mode expected on the long unelectrified stretches on which they will operate.
Great Western Railway
Main line testing of the Class 802 began in Somerset in August 2017. They were due to be introduced on 16 July 2018. A demonstration run for invited guests from Penzance to Exeter St Davids was held on 17 August 2018. The first two units (802 006 and 802 007) entered traffic the following day on 18 August 2018, on a Bristol Temple Meads to Swansea service. The same units were first used in passenger service in Cornwall on 20 August 2018, with the service from London Paddington to Penzance and the return to London. By May 2019, all 36 of the sets had entered service which allowed them to finishing replacing the remaining InterCity 125 sets, alongside the Class 800 units.
In December 2020, it was announced that Hitachi and the Eversholt Rail Group would replace one under-floor diesel engine on each of the 22 five-car 802/0 sets with a battery, therefore converting the units to a tri-mode multiple unit. Through the battery, pollution and noise levels will be reduced and fuel savings of up to 20% are expected to be achieved.
In November 2016, Hull Trains said it would buy five five-car AT300 sets to replace the Alstom Class 180 diesel multiple-units which it currently uses on the Hull to London service. The first body shell was completed at the Kasado plant in August 2018. Driver training on Class 802s, using stock delivered to TransPennine Express, began in August 2019. In the same month Hull Trains announced that its new train would be known as the Paragon, named after Hull Paragon station.
On 7 November 2019, Hull Trains took delivery of their first unit. This unit was used in the official launch of the Paragon fleet on 25 November, where the full livery was unveiled at Hull station. This same unit that was unveiled (802301) entered service on Thursday 5 December working the 10:33 Hull to London King's Cross, and the 13:48 return working.
TransPennine Express will operate 19 five-car Class 802 sets, primarily on the North Transpennine Line between Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Newcastle and Edinburgh. These trains were initially given the Class 803 designation, before being redesignated as 802/2s prior to delivery of the first unit. Production began in December 2017, and testing began on the East Coast Main Line during July 2018, with the fleet due to enter service from summer 2019. TransPennine Express formally accepted the first of their Class 802 trains in July 2019. TransPennine Express have branded their new overall fleet as Nova, with each of its new types designated as either '1', '2' or '3' - the Class 802s are to be termed as Nova 1.
The first Nova 1 entered revenue earning service on 28 September 2019, with unit 802201 working the 06:03 from Newcastle to Liverpool Lime Street and the return 09:25 service.
Great Western Railway's Intercity Express Trains are being named after "inspirational people" who have influenced the regions that the company serves.
|802002||19 October 2020||Steve Whiteway|
|802006||7 October 2020||Harry Billinge MBE|
|802008||13 April 2019||Rick Rescorla / RNLB Solomon Browne|
|802010||14 October 2020||Corporal George Sheard|
|802011||8 December 2018||Captain Robert Falcon Scott / Sir Joshua Reynolds|
|802013||9 April 2019||Michael Eavis|
|802020||7 July 2020||NHS Key Workers|
|802101||28 November 2019||Nancy Astor|
|Class||Operator||No. Built||Year Built||Coaches||Unit nos.|
|Class 802/0 Intercity Express Train||Great Western Railway||22||2017–18||5||802001–802022|
|Class 802/1 Intercity Express Train||14||9||802101–802114|
|Class 802/2 Nova 1||TransPennine Express||19||2017-19||5||802201–802219|
|Class 802/3 Paragon||Hull Trains||5||2019-20||5||802301–802305|
On 14 September 2018 the 14:00 GWR Penzance to Paddington service broke down at 17:15 just north of Exeter. Passengers had to be removed from the train with ladders and transferred to another train.
During testing of a Class 802 on the evening of 16 October 2018 ahead of its handover to GWR, severe damage was caused to 500 m (1,600 ft) of overhead power lines in the Hanwell area, outside London Paddington station. This led to service cancellations and delays that night and the following two days.
On May 8th 2021, all 80x units were withdrew from service due to safety concerns after cracks were found in welds by the jacking points.
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Media related to British Rail Class 802 at Wikimedia Commons