British Rail Class 82

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Not to be confused with Driving Van Trailers, which are also numbered 82xxx in the carriage numbering series.
British Railways AL2
British Rail Class 82
82008 at Crewe Works.JPG
Preserved locomotive, no. 82008 on display at Crewe Works open day on 11 September 2005. This locomotive has been restored to InterCity Executive livery.
Type and origin
Power type Electric
Builder Metropolitan-Vickers and Beyer, Peacock & Co. Ltd.
Build date 1960–1962
Total produced 10
Specifications
Configuration Bo-Bo
AAR wheel arr. B-B
UIC class Bo'Bo'
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Wheel diameter 4 ft 0 in (1.219 m)[1]
Wheelbase 40 ft 9 in (12.42 m)[1]
Length 56 ft 0 in (17.07 m)[1]
Width 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)[1]
Height:
 • Pantograph 13 ft 0 916 in (3.977 m)[1]
Loco weight 79.70 long tons (81.0 t; 89.3 short tons)
Electric system(s)
Current collection
Traction motors 4 × 847 hp (632 kW) Metropolitan-Vickers 189Z[2]
Transmission Quill drive
Train heating Electric Train Heating
Loco brake Davies and Metcalfe Air braking system[2]
Train brakes Vacuum, Dual from 1971–1972
Performance figures
Maximum speed 100 mph (161 km/h)
Power output 3,300 hp (2,460 kW)
Tractive effort 50,000 lbf (222,000 N)
Loco brakeforce 63 long tons-force (628 kN)
Career
Operators British Rail
Numbers E3046–E3055; later 82001–82008
Axle load class Route availability 6
Retired 1969 (1), 1971 (1), 1983 (6), 1987 (2)
Disposition One preserved, remainder scrapped

The British Rail Class 82 electric locomotives were built by Beyer, Peacock and Company between 1960 and 1962, as part of the West Coast Main Line electrification.

History[edit]

Ten locomotives were designed by the Metropolitan-Vickers division of AEI (Associated Electrical Industries) and built by Beyer, Peacock and Company at their works in Gorton, Manchester.[2] They were originally classified as AL2 under the pre-TOPS classification scheme and were originally numbered E3046 - E3055.[3]

During manufacture it was realised that the locomotives would be heavier than anticipated,[4] and some redesign was required to meet the British Transport Commission specification. The design modifications included replacing heavy parts with lighter aluminium body and fibreglass roof parts,[3] replacing heavy electrical equipment with lighter versions.[1]

On introduction, the AL2 locomotives were allocated to Longsight depot.[4]

Power supply[edit]

The locomotives always worked on power provided by overhead catenary energized at 25,000 V AC. However, the main transformer, normally operated with the four windings in series, could be operated at 6250 V AC with the transformer windings in parallel. This voltage was initially to be used where limited clearances gave concern over use of the higher voltage.

Early withdrawals[edit]

The last locomotive built, E3055, was destroyed by fire at Maw Green in 1966.[1] The first locomotive built, E3046, was also destroyed by fire, while north of Bletchley on 7 January 1971.[1]

Rebuild[edit]

E3049 was the first to be refurbished with a silicon rectifier, replacing the mercury-arc rectifier,[1] being done in 1972. The rest of the class followed suit over the following years.

Renumbering[edit]

Under the TOPS system, they were reclassified as 'Class 82'. They became 82001 to 82008,[3] being renumbered in order.

The end[edit]

The entire fleet was placed into storage in 1982, and the majority of these locomotives were withdrawn in 1983. Two, 82005 and 82008, were subsequently reinstated for use on empty coaching stock workings[4] between London Euston Station and Willesden, working until 1987, with 82008 receiving a repaint into Intercity Executive livery by 26 January 1986.[5]

Preservation[edit]

82008 was preserved in the early 1990s, following a long period of storage, and was later owned by the AC Locomotive Group, located at Barrow Hill Engine Shed.[4]

Fleet details[edit]

Key: Preserved Scrapped
Numbers[1] Works Number[1] Date Introduced[1] First Depot Withdrawn[6][7] Final Depot[6] Disposal[6]
Pre-TOPS TOPS AEI Beyer Peacock Location Date
E3046 - 1021 7884 May 1960 9A January 1971[1] CE Scrapped at Crewe Works June 1971
E3047 82001 1022 7885 July 1960 9A July 1983 LG Scrapped at Vic Berry, Leicester March 1985
E3048 82002 1023 7886 August 1960 9A July 1983 LG Scrapped at Vic Berry, Leicester October 1984
E3049 82003 1024 7887 September 1960 9A July 1983 LG Scrapped at CF Booth Ltd, Rotherham June 1993
E3050 82004 1025 7888 October 1960 9A October 1983 LG Scrapped at Vic Berry, Leicester November 1984
E3051 82005 1026 7889 November 1960 ACL September 1987 WN Scrapped at CF Booth Ltd, Rotherham July 1993
E3052 82006 1027 7890 December 1960 ACL July 1983 LG Scrapped at Vic Berry, Leicester November 1984
E3053 82007 1028 7891 January 1962 ACL July 1983 LG Scrapped at Vic Berry, Leicester November 1984
E3054 82008 1029 7892 November 1961 ACL December 1987 WN Preserved at Barrow Hill Engine Shed
E3055 - 1030 7893 April 1962 ACL September 1969[1] CE Scrapped at Crewe Works August 1970

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Webb & Duncan 1979, p. 39
  2. ^ a b c d Webb & Duncan 1979, p. 35
  3. ^ a b c Longhurst 1979, Class AL2–82
  4. ^ a b c d Marsden & Fenn 2001, p. 71
  5. ^ "Well Done Willesden". Rail Enthusiast. No. 55. EMAP. April 1986. p. 32. ISSN 0262-561X. 
  6. ^ a b c Furness, Ian. "Disposals: Class 82". wnxx. End of the Line: Withdrawn & Stored Locomotives UK. Archived from the original on 6 January 2009. (subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ "The Class 82 Fleet". Rail Blue. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • Longhurst, Roly (1979). Electric Locomotives of the West Coast Main Line. Truro: D. Bradford Barton Ltd. ISBN 0851533558. OCLC 16491712. 
  • Marsden, Colin J.; Fenn, Graham B. (2001). British Rail Main Line Electric Locomotives (2nd ed.). Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 9780860935599. OCLC 48532553. 
  • Webb, Brian; Duncan, John (1979). AC Electric Locomotives of British Rail. David & Charles. ISBN 9780715376638. OCLC 6916046. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]