British Salonika Army

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British Salonika Force
British Salonika Army
An officer of the British Salonika Army demonstrating how to throw a Mills bomb
ActiveWorld War I
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeField army

The British Salonika Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I. After the armistice in November 1918, it was disbanded, but component units became the newly formed Army of the Black Sea, and General Milne remained in command.[1]

First World War[edit]

The Army was formed in Salonika under Lieutenant-General Bryan Mahon to oppose Bulgarian advances in the region as part of the Macedonian front.[2] The army arrived in Salonika (along with French troops) on 15 October 1915.[3] In May 1916 Lieutenant-General George Milne replaced Bryan Mahon as commander of the Army. It eventually comprised two corps and as the Army of the Black Sea remained in place until 1921.[4] The dead of the British Salonika Army are commemorated by the Doiran Memorial.

Component units[edit]

British Salonika Force, March 1917[4]

XII Corps

XVI Corps

GHQ Troops



  • 4 November 1915 – 15 November 1915: General Charles C. Monro[5] (concurrent with being Commander, Mediterranean Expeditionary Force)
  • 15 November 1915 – 9 May 1916: Lieutenant-General Bryan Mahon[5]
  • 9 May 1916 – 3 January 1917: Lieutenant-General George Milne[6]
  • 3 January 1917 – 11 January 1917: Lieutenant-General Henry Wilson (temporary)
  • 11 January 1917 – September 1918: General George Milne
  • February 1919 – November 1920: Lieutenant-General Henry Wilson (concurrent with being Commander, Allied Forces in Constantinople)[7]
  • November 1920: Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Harington (continued after 1921 as GOC-in-C Allied Forces of Occupation, Turkey)


  1. ^ Busch, Briton Cooper (1976). Mudros to Lausanne. New York: SUNY Press. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-7914-9811-8.
  2. ^ "No. 29851". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 December 1916. p. 11931.
  3. ^ Palmer Alan, The gardeners of Salonika, 1965, p. 11.
  4. ^ a b Alan Wakefield & Simon Moody, Under the Devil's Eye: Britain's Forgotten Army at Salonika 1915–1918, Stroud: Sutton Publishing (2004).
  5. ^ a b Encyclopedia Of World War I
  6. ^ Heathcote 1999, p. 210
  7. ^ Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives


  • Heathcote, T.A. (1999). The British Field Marshals 1736–1997. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Books. ISBN 0-85052-696-5.