British South Africa Company Medal
|British South Africa Company Medal|
|Awarded by the British South Africa Company|
|Awarded for||Service in the Matabele Wars|
|Description||Circular, silver medal, 36 mm inches in diameter. The ribbon consists of four golden yellow and three navy blue stripes.|
|Established||1896, 1897, 1927|
The British South Africa Company Medal (1890–97). In 1896, Queen Victoria sanctioned the issue by the British South Africa Company of a medal to troops who had been engaged in the First Matabele War. In 1897, the Queen sanctioned another medal for those engaged in the two campaigns of the Second Matabele War: Rhodesia (1896) and Mashonaland (1897). The three medals are the same except for name and date above the lion on the reverse, and the three wordings above the lion denote the campaign for which the medal was issued.
In 1927, the government of Southern Rhodesia issued a medal to commemorate the earlier 1890 Pioneer Column. This medal is identical to the prior medals, except it was struck without any campaign details on the reverse.
The reverse depicts the scene of a charging lion, wounded in the chest with an assegai. In the foreground are native weapons and a shield, in the background is a mimosa bush, and below the scene is inscribed: BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA COMPANY. The recipient's first eligible campaign and date is usually inscribed at the top.
Four were issued:
- Matabeleland 1893 (No clasp issued to those who served exclusively in the First Matabele War)
- Rhodesia 1896 (No clasp issued to those who served exclusively in the first year of the Second Matabele War)
- Mashonaland 1897
- Mashonaland 1890
- Robert Baden-Powell - service in: Rhodesia (1896)
- Frederick Russell Burnham - service in: Matabeleland (1893) ; Rhodesia (1896)
- Col. Frank Rhodes
- Frederick Selous - service in: Mashonaland (1890) ; Matabeleland (1893) ; Rhodesia (1896)
- Mayo, John Horsley (1897). Medals and Decorations of the British Army and Navy, Volume 2. A. Constable. p. 423.
- "Matabele Campaign". The Pine Tree Web. Retrieved 2006-12-02.
- Davis, Richard Harding (1906). Real Soldiers of Fortune. Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 1-59540-686-7.
- Selous, Frederick Courteney (1896). Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia. London: R. Ward & Co.