British general election, 1780

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Great Britain general election, 1780
Kingdom of Great Britain
← 1774 6 September to 18 October 1784 →

All 558 seats of the House of Commons
280 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped.jpg Hon. Henry Seymour Conway.jpg
Leader Frederick North Henry Seymour Conway
Party Northite Rockinghamite
Leader's seat Banbury Thetford
Seats won 260 254
Seat change Decrease 83 Increase 39

Prime Minister before election

Frederick North

Subsequent Prime Minister

Frederick North

The British general election, 1780, returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 15th Parliament of Great Britain to be summoned after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. The election was held during the American War of Independence and returned Lord North to form a new government with a small and rocky majority. The opposition consisted largely of the Rockingham Whigs, the Whig faction led by the Marquess of Rockingham. North's opponents referred to his supporters as Tories, but no Tory party existed at the time and his supporters rejected the label.

Summary of the Constituencies[edit]

See British general election, 1796 for details. The constituencies used were the same throughout the existence of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Dates of Election[edit]

The general election was held between 6 September 1780 and 18 October 1780.

At this period elections did not take place at the same time in every constituency. The returning officer in each county or parliamentary borough fixed the precise date (see hustings for details of the conduct of the elections).

See also[edit]


  • British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000). (For dates of elections before 1832, see the footnote to Table 5.02).
  • NAMIER, L. B., & BROOKE, J. (1964). The House of Commons, 1754-1790. New York, Published for the History of Parliament Trust by Oxford University Press