British neoconservatism is more socially liberal than its US counterpart, but shares a world view of threats and opportunities. British neoconservatives are strong proponents of foreign intervention in the Arab world and beyond, the role of the private sector in military contracts and an alliance with Israel. Neoconservatism is also attractive to members of the Christian right, based on shared values. Factions in the British Conservative Party refer to themselves as being liberal conservative rather than socially conservative.
There is a suspicion in British public life of 'philosophy', which has meant that politicians in the UK rarely refer to any overarching theories. In The Centre-left and New Right Divide?: Political Philosophy and Aspects of UK Social Policy in the Era of the welfare State, for example, Steven Smith argues that academic explanations of the resilience of the welfare state in the face of the New Right reforms have focused on the social, political and economic processes that tend to bolster the activities of state welfare provision, rather than the underlying philosophies.
Spinwatch describes Douglas Murray as 'the 'enfant terrible' of British neoconservatism. Murray is typical of the movement in arguing that the 'innate flaws of liberal democracy' leave Europe vulnerable to exploitation and domination by Islamic Fundamentalists; and that strong armed forces prepared to go to war are essential to the survival of what he sees as Conservative values. As head of the Centre for Social Cohesion his ideas have been influential in some NATO circles. Philosophically, he claims to be influenced by the authoritarianism of Leo Strauss, and the concept of dhimmitude as it was put forward by Bat Ye'or.Bat Ye'or
Murray's keynote book, Neoconservatism: Why We Need It was published by the Social Affairs Unit in 2005. An inspiration for Murray, who he frequently praises in the book, is the academic philosopher, Roger Scruton, who was part of a group of right-wing Cambridge University intellectuals under the influence of Maurice Cowling, an historian. In 1978 Cowling helped found the Salisbury Group of conservative thinkers (named after the earlier British Prime Minister). In the same year Cowling published Conservative Essays which states boldly:
"If there is a class war - and there is - it is important that it should be handled with subtlety and skill. [...] It is not freedom that Conservatives want; what they want is the sort of freedom that will maintain existing inequalities or restore lost ones".
The original Cambridge group however also included John Vincent, another historian, and Edward Norman, a theologian and historian. As Scruton says in his semi-autobiographical book, Gentle Regrets: Thoughts From a Life, it influenced a new generation of neo-con thinkers including Charles Moore, former editor of The Daily Telegraph and the Chief Rabbi, Dr Jonathan Sacks. Scruton himself offers the French post-war President Charles De Gaulle as a model because the General defined the French nation in terms of its high culture, while detesting the philosopher Michael Foucault, who he says was 'one of the gurus' of his students, for shallow relativism and for teaching that `truth' requires inverted commas.
British neoconservatism has also been directly influenced by its US counterpart. One example is the Henry Jackson Society, founded in Cambridge in 2005, and named after Senator Henry 'Scoop' Jackson, a key influence on US neoconservatism.
Notable people associated with British neoconservatism
The list includes public people identified as personally neoconservative at an important time or a high official with numerous neoconservative advisers. Some are dead, or are ex-neoconservatives.
- George Osborne – Former Chancellor of the Exchequer; Conservative MP for Tatton
- Michael Gove – Former Secretary of State for Justice; Conservative MP for Surrey Heath
- Liam Fox – Former Secretary of State for Defense; Conservative MP for North Somerset
- Gisela Stuart – Labour MP for Birmingham Edgbaston
- Arun Kundnani, How are thinktanks shaping the political agenda on Muslims in Britain?, Institute of Race Relations, 2 September 2008.
- John Kampfner, The British neoconservatives, New Statesman, 12 May 2003.
- Category:UK - Neocon Europe, accessed 3 June 2009.
- ^Bat Ye'or Bat Ye'or defined "dhiminitude" as the condition of the non-Muslim persons forced to live under Islamic law in the context of Jihad.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-26. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
- The Centre-left and New Right Divide?: Political Philosophy and Aspects of UK Social Policy in the Era of the Welfare State, author: Steven Smith, published in 1998, ISBN 1-84014-327-4)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2008-07-03. accessed July 3, 2008
- The Salisbury Group publishes the Salisbury Review
- Cowling, Maurice (1978). "The Present Position", in Cowling, Maurice (ed.): Conservative Essays. London: Cassell, p. 1, p. 9
- Gentle Regrets: Thoughts From a Life by Roger Scruton, Continuum 2005 ISBN 0-8264-7131-5
- Henry Jackson Society Project for Democratic Geopolitics Archived May 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., Neocon Europe, accessed 3 June 2009.
- Gisela Stuart endorses George W Bush
- Gisela Stuart is trustee of Henry Jackson Society Archived 2013-10-31 at the Wayback Machine.