St Nicholas' parish church
|Britwell Salome shown within Oxfordshire|
|Area||5.78 km2 (2.23 sq mi)|
|Population||204 (2011 Census)|
|• Density||35/km2 (91/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Britwell Salome Parish Meeting|
Until the Norman conquest of England, a Saxon called Wulfstan held the manor of Britwell, as well as three others in the area including Adwell. The Domesday Book records that by 1086 Britwell had been granted to the Norman Miles Crispin, the first castellan of Wallingford Castle.
In front of the house to the southeast is a freestanding neoclassical column, with a large stone urn as a finial. It was built for Sir Edward Simeon in 1764 as a monument to his parents. In Britwell Park, north of the house, is a limestone obelisk with a pineapple finial. It too was erected for Sir Edward Simeon in the middle of the 18th century.
In 1865–67 the church was rebuilt to designs by the Gothic Revival architect Charles Buckeridge. There was a church at Britwell Priors northeast of the village, but despite an objection from the Oxford Diocesan architect GE Street it was demolished, and Buckeridge re-used some of its materials in the rebuilding of St Nicholas.
The Red Lion pub was built late in the 18th or early in the 19th century. The Tithe Commissioners met here in 1841. It is now a gastropub. For a time it was called The Goose, which won a Michelin Star, but it ceased trading at the end of July 2010. Since April 2012 the pub has traded again under its former name of the Red Lion.
Southeast of the village is Britwell Hill, past which runs the Ridgeway. There is a view of the Vale of Oxford looking down from the straight road that links the hill and the village.
- "Area: Britwell Salome (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Lobel 1954, pp. 43–55.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 486
- Historic England. "Britwell Park, monument approximately 90 metres south west of Britwell House (Grade II*) (1059462)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Historic England. "Britwell Park, obelisk approximately 130 metres north of Britwell House (Grade II*) (1059461)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Historic England. "Britwell House and attached walls and coach house (Grade II*) (1059503)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Historic England. "Church of St Nicholas (Grade II) (1059466)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Saint 1973, p. 367.
- Archbishops' Council. "Benefice of Icknield". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Historic England. "The Red Lion Inn public house (Grade II) (1059472)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Richmond, Nicky (24 April 2012). "The Red Lion, Britwell Salome". The Food Judge. WordPress.
- Gerrard, Neil (26 July 2010). "The Goose in Britwell Salome to close permanently". Caterer and Hotelkeeper.
- The Red Lion, Britwell Salome
- Britwell Salome Cricket Club
- "Clubs". Oxfordshire Cricket Association. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
- Lobel, Mary D, ed. (1964). A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 8: Lewknor and Pyrton Hundreds. London: Oxford University Press for the Institute of Historical Research. pp. 43–55.
- Saint, Andrew (1973). "Charles Buckeridge and His Family" (PDF). Oxoniensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. XXXVIII: 357–372.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 486–487. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
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