Britwell Salome

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Britwell Salome
St.Nicholas Parish Church, Britwell Salome.JPG
St Nicholas' parish church
Britwell Salome is located in Oxfordshire
Britwell Salome
Britwell Salome
 Britwell Salome shown within Oxfordshire
Population 204 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SU6793
Civil parish Britwell Salome
District South Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Watlington
Postcode district OX49
Dialling code 01491
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Henley
Website Britwell Salome Parish Meeting
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°38′13″N 1°01′55″W / 51.637°N 1.032°W / 51.637; -1.032

Britwell Salome is a village and civil parish in South Oxfordshire, England, about 4 12 miles (7 km) northeast of Wallingford. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 204.[1]

Toponym[edit]

"Salome" is derived from the surname Sulham. There is a Berrick Salome about 3 miles (5 km) to the west, and a Sulham near Reading, Berkshire.

Manor[edit]

Until the Norman conquest of England, a Saxon called Wulfstan held the manor of Britwell, as well as three others in the area including Adwell. The Domesday Book records that by 1086 Britwell had been granted to the Norman Miles Crispin,[2] the first castellan of Wallingford Castle.

Britwell Park[edit]

Britwell Salome House

Britwell House was built in 1727–28 for Sir Edward Simeon. The architect is unknown but Simeon himself designed the oval chapel, added in 1769–69.[3]

In front of the house to the southeast is a freestanding neoclassical column, with a large stone urn as a finial. It was built for Sir Edward Simeon in 1764 as a monument to his parents.[4] In Britwell Park, north of the house, is a limestone obelisk with a pineapple finial. It too was erected for Sir Edward Simeon in the middle of the 18th century.[5]

The house, monument and obelisk are all Grade II* listed buildings.[4][5][6]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Nicholas was built early in the 12th century, and has a late 13th-century east window.[7]

In 1865–67 the church was rebuilt to designs by the Gothic Revival architect Charles Buckeridge.[3] There was a church at Britwell Priors northeast of the village, but despite an objection from the Oxford Diocesan architect GE Street it was demolished, and Buckeridge re-used some of its materials in the rebuilding of St Nicholas.[8]

St Nicholas' parish is now part of the Benefice of Icknield, along with the parishes of Pyrton, Swyncombe and Watlington.[9]

Amenities[edit]

The Red Lion pub was built late in the 18th or early in the 19th century.[10] The Tithe Commissioners met here in 1841.[2] It is now a gastropub.[11] For a time it was called The Goose, which won a Michelin Star, but it ceased trading at the end of July 2010.[12] Since April 2012 the pub has traded again under its former name of the Red Lion.[13]

Britwell Salome Cricket Club[14] has two teams in the Oxfordshire Cricket Association League. Its First 11 plays in Division Three.[15]

Southeast of the village is Britwell Hill, past which runs the Ridgeway. There is a view of the Vale of Oxford looking down from the straight road that links the hill and the village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Britwell Salome (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Lobel 1954, pp. 43–55.
  3. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 486
  4. ^ a b Historic England. "Britwell Park, monument approximately 90 metres south west of Britwell House  (Grade II*) (1059462)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Historic England. "Britwell Park, obelisk approximately 130 metres north of Britwell House  (Grade II*) (1059461)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "Britwell House and attached walls and coach house  (Grade II*) (1059503)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Nicholas  (Grade II) (1059466)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  8. ^ Saint 1973, p. 367.
  9. ^ Archbishops' Council. "Benefice of Icknield". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "The Red Lion Inn public house  (Grade II) (1059472)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  11. ^ Richmond, Nicky (24 April 2012). "The Red Lion, Britwell Salome". The Food Judge. WordPress. 
  12. ^ Gerrard, Neil (26 July 2010). "The Goose in Britwell Salome to close permanently". Caterer and Hotelkeeper. 
  13. ^ The Red Lion, Britwell Salome
  14. ^ Britwell Salome Cricket Club
  15. ^ "Clubs". Oxfordshire Cricket Association. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]