Brix, Manche

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Brix
View of the village
View of the village
Location of Brix
Brix is located in France
Brix
Brix
Brix is located in Normandy
Brix
Brix
Coordinates: 49°32′45″N 1°34′40″W / 49.5458°N 1.5778°W / 49.5458; -1.5778Coordinates: 49°32′45″N 1°34′40″W / 49.5458°N 1.5778°W / 49.5458; -1.5778
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentManche
ArrondissementCherbourg
CantonValognes
IntercommunalityCA Cotentin
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Daniel Lebunetel
Area
1
32.16 km2 (12.42 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
2,180
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
50087 /50700
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Brix (French pronunciation: ​[bʁi]) is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in northwestern France.

History[edit]

The origin of the name Brix derives from the Gaulish suffix brut-.[2]

Brix is known primarily as being the assumed origin of the Bruce family, who emigrated to Britain in the Middle Ages, settling in northern England and then southern Scotland. The family became a royal house with the accession of Robert the Bruce in 1306.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17932,653—    
18002,954+11.3%
18062,823−4.4%
18213,250+15.1%
18313,088−5.0%
18363,055−1.1%
18413,004−1.7%
18462,807−6.6%
18512,756−1.8%
18562,615−5.1%
18612,485−5.0%
18662,517+1.3%
18722,289−9.1%
18762,181−4.7%
18812,163−0.8%
18862,114−2.3%
18912,199+4.0%
18962,054−6.6%
19011,931−6.0%
19061,874−3.0%
19111,826−2.6%
19211,633−10.6%
19261,675+2.6%
19311,557−7.0%
19361,537−1.3%
19461,503−2.2%
19541,443−4.0%
19621,447+0.3%
19681,357−6.2%
19751,323−2.5%
19821,600+20.9%
19901,828+14.3%
19991,928+5.5%
20092,065+7.1%

Sights[edit]

A family known variously as Bruis, Brus, Bruz is said to be responsible for the Adam Castle, the oldest monument in Brix[3]. Very little remains of the castle.

The main square of Brix is called Place Robert Bruce. Many prominent members of the family mentioned above were named "Robert", including: Robert de Brus (1078–1138), the first member of the family known to have resided in Britain, and his descendant Robert the Bruce (1274–1329), also known as Robert I, King of Scotland.

Events[edit]

On the first weekend of October, the commune holds the St. Denis Fair, a tradition of the Cotentin.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ François de Beaurepaire, Les noms des communes et anciennes paroisses de la Manche, éditions Picard 1986. p. 89
  3. ^ There is no evidence, other than unreliable late medieval sources, like the Battle Abbey Roll, to support a claim that another member of the family, Robert de Brix or de Brus, served under William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. (See: Emma Cownie, 2004, "Brus , Robert de (supp. d. 1094)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford, Oxford University Press.)

External links[edit]