Brixton Deverill

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Brixton Deverill
Brixton Deverill.JPG
Village hall
Brixton Deverill is located in Wiltshire
Brixton Deverill
Brixton Deverill
Brixton Deverill shown within Wiltshire
Population 83 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST863388
Civil parish
  • Brixton Deverill
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Warminster
Postcode district BA12
Dialling code 01985
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°08′53″N 2°11′49″W / 51.148°N 2.197°W / 51.148; -2.197Coordinates: 51°08′53″N 2°11′49″W / 51.148°N 2.197°W / 51.148; -2.197

Brixton Deverill is a small village and civil parish about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Warminster in Wiltshire, England.

The parish is in the Deverill Valley which carries the upper waters of the River Wylye. The six villages of the valley - Kingston Deverill, Monkton Deverill, Brixton, Hill Deverill, Longbridge Deverill and Crockerton - are known as the Deverills.

Brixton Deverill appears in the Domesday Book.[2]

Local government[edit]

The parish elects a joint parish council with neighbouring Kingston Deverill. The combined council is Upper Deverills Parish Council.[3]

Brixton Deverill falls within the area of the Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Church[edit]

The Anglican Church of St Michael the Archangel dates from the 13th century and has a 15th-century tower; restoration was carried out in 1730 and 1862. The font from St Giles, Imber, was relocated here following the evacuation of that village in 1943.[4] In 1968 the church was designated as Grade II* listed.[5][6]

Roman villa[edit]

In April 2016 it was announced that the remains of a large Roman villa had been discovered in the village in February 2015.[7][8] After excavations by archaeologists from Historic England and The Salisbury Museum, a mosaic floor was uncovered of a large Roman property, similar in size and structure to the great Roman villa at Chedworth, Gloucestershire. Surviving sections of walls, 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) in height, have confirmed that the mosaic formed part of a grand villa, thought to have been three-storeys in height, its grounds extending over 100 metres (110 yd) in width and length.[9]

Dr David Roberts, archaeologist for Historic England, said:

This site has not been touched since its collapse 1400 years ago and, as such, is of enormous importance. Without question, this is a hugely valuable site in terms of research, with incredible potential.

The discovery of such an elaborate and extraordinarily well-preserved villa, undamaged by agriculture for over 1500 years, is unparalleled in recent years. Overall, the excellent preservation, large scale and complexity of this site present a unique opportunity to understand Roman and post-Roman Britain.[9]

The site is now known as the Deverill Villa after the name of the 17th-century house owned by Luke Irwin, who made the discovery. Irwin, a Dublin-born designer who makes hand-made silk, wool and cashmere rugs, found the remains in 2015 while laying electricity cables beneath a stretch of ground to the rear of his property. A Roman stone coffin, suitable for a child, which was being used as a plant pot, was also discovered.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Place: Brixton Deverill". Open Domesday. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Upper Deverills Parish Council". Wiltshire Community Web. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Giles, Imber (1036472)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St. Michael the Archangel (1364380)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  6. ^ "Church of St. Michael the Archangel, Brixton Deverill". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ a b c Patrick Sawer (17 April 2016). "'Unparalleled' discovery of Roman villa beneath Wiltshire garden". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 

External links[edit]

  • "Brixton Deverill". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 

Media related to Brixton Deverill at Wikimedia Commons