Brixton railway station
Location of Brixton in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Lambeth|
|Number of platforms||2|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|Original company||London, Chatham and Dover Railway|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portal
UK Railways portalCoordinates:
Brixton railway station is a commuter railway station in Brixton, South London, UK. It is on the Chatham Main Line from London Victoria to Orpington and beyond. Trains are operated by Southeastern. The typical service is one train every 15 minutes in both directions.
It is about 110 yards (100 m) north of Brixton tube station, high above ground level on a railway bridge that can be seen from the tube station. Access is from Atlantic Road via staircases. It is also a busy junction, with the Catford Loop via Peckham Rye and Bellingham leaving the Chatham Main Line immediately west of the station.
Brixton was opened as Brixton and South Stockwell in 1862 by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR) to serve the affluent Victorian suburbs of South London. Services ran from Moorgate to London Victoria via Holborn Viaduct railway station, Camberwell New Road and Brixton and South Stockwell to Grosvenor Road, following the opening of the link northeastwards to London Blackfriars via Loughborough Junction in 1864. The station was also connected to the LC&DR's branch to Crystal Palace High Level via Nunhead soon afterwards, with this section (via Denmark Hill) becoming part of the modern-day Catford Loop Line.
The station is currently served only by trains on the main line towards Herne Hill. The Denmark Hill line platforms were closed in 1916 as a wartime economy measure, and have been out of use and fenced off ever since. However, the line itself remains in regular and frequent use by both freight and passenger services.
The typical off-peak train service per hour is:
- Four trains per hour non-stop to London Victoria
- Four trains per hour to Orpington, calling at all stations via Herne Hill and Bromley South
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
Victoria - Orpington
London Overground extension
The London Overground network passes above the station without stopping. This segment of the line, formerly the Inner South London Line, became part of the network as the second phrase of the East London line extension project. Completed in December 2012, the extension connected the South London Line to the East and West London Lines, from Surrey Quays to Clapham Junction as the final stage of the Orbirail plan to create an orbital rail network around Central London.
The line also passes over Loughborough Junction. Adding both stations to the route was excluded from the plan due to the prohibitive cost of building on the high viaducts at each location. The proposals drew criticism for not including new interchange stations at these locations. Until 1976 trains stopped at nearby East Brixton.
A number of colourful murals have been painted on the outside of the station. Inside the station, three bronze sculptures stand on the platforms. This work, Platforms Piece by Kevin Atherton, was erected in 1986 and the statues are life casts of three people - two black, one white - who regularly travelled from Brixton.
Networkers work the local trains.
Disused platform linking to the Catford Loop Line, with third statue
A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of lines through Brixton
London Buses routes 2; 3; 35; 37 (at Lambeth Town Hall); 45; 59; 109; 118; 133; 159; 196; 250; 322; 333; 345 (at Brixton Police Station), 355; 415; 432; P4; P5 (at Electric Lane); school routes 689 and 690 and night routes N2; N3; N35; N109 and N133 serve the station.
- "Out of Station Interchanges" (MICROSOFT EXCEL). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- "Stockwell history". London Borough of Lambeth. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
- Herbert, Henry (1877). Herbert's Metropolitan Hand-Book. Henry Herbert & Co. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-103-01106-3.
- Transport for London (2006). "The Tube in 2010". Retrieved 2007-11-03. (map illustrating future development phases as proposed by TfL in 2006, subject to change)
- "East London Line Extensions - Loughborough Junction". AlwaysTouchOut. 9 November 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-03.
- "Junction joy South". South London Press (archived). 24 April 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-05-09. Retrieved 2009-11-03.
- Martin Linton MP (4 August 2006). "Parliamentary Debate: London Orbital Rail Network". Hansard. Retrieved 2007-11-03.
- Miles, Malcolm (1997). Art, space and the city. Routledge. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-415-13943-4.
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