A broad-leaved, broad-leaf, or broadleaf tree is any tree within the diverse botanical group of angiosperms that has flat leaves and produces seeds inside of fruits. It is one of two general types of trees, the other being a conifer, a tree with needle-like or scale-like leaves and seeds borne in woody cones. Broad-leaved trees are sometimes known as hardwoods.
|Gymnosperms (seed plants not flowering)||Angiosperms (flowering seed plants)|
|Coniferous (females bearing ovulate cones that release unenclosed seeds at maturity)||Fruit-bearing (enclosing seeds within)|
|Usually evergreen (gradually shedding foliage, green foliage throughout year)||Usually deciduous (seasonally shedding all foliage, no foliage for part of year)|
|Known as softwoods (nonporous, wood typically lighter & softer)||Known as hardwoods (wood structure porous & more complex, wood generally harder)|
|Needle-like or scale-like leaves||Broad leaves|
|Examples: firs, spruces, pines||Examples: hickories, maples, oaks|
- Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
- Mixed coniferous forest
- Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
- Dichotomous Key. Common Trees of the Pacific Northwest. College of Forestry, Oregon State University.
- Broadleaved Trees: Unsung Component of British Columbia's Forests. University of British Columbia.
- Lee, S. and A. Raflo. Trees and Water. Archived 2016-09-21 at the Wayback Machine Virginia Water Resources Research Center. Virginia Tech.
- Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Wood Handbook—Wood as an Engineering Material, General Technical Report series, № FPL‑GTR‑190, Centennial ed. (Madison, Wis.: USDA Forest Service, FPL, 2010‑04), p. 2‑2.
- Identifying Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs. CMG Garden Notes. Colorado State University Extension.
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