Broad River (Carolinas)
The Broad River near Blacksburg, South Carolina
Map of the Santee River watershed showing the Broad River.
|State||North Carolina, South Carolina|
|- location||Black Mountain, Buncombe County, North Carolina|
|- elevation||2,890 ft (880 m)|
|Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina|
|128 ft (39 m)|
|Length||150 mi (240 km)|
|- location||Congaree River, Columbia, South Carolina|
|- left||Little River, Green River|
|- right||Pacolet River, Enoree River|
- For other rivers with the same name, see Broad River (disambiguation).
The Broad River is a principal tributary of the Congaree River, about 150 miles (240 km) long, in western North Carolina and northern South Carolina in the United States. Via the Congaree, it is part of the watershed of the Santee River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean.
The Broad River originates in the Blue Ridge Mountains of eastern Buncombe County, North Carolina and flows generally south-southeastwardly, through or along the boundaries of Rutherford, Polk and Cleveland Counties in North Carolina; and Cherokee, York, Union, Chester, Fairfield, Newberry and Richland Counties in South Carolina. In North Carolina, the river is dammed to form Lake Lure; in South Carolina it passes through the Sumter National Forest and the communities of Cherokee Falls and Lockhart before joining the Saluda River to form the Congaree River in the city of Columbia.
Principal tributaries of the Broad River include the Green, Second Broad and First Broad Rivers in North Carolina ; and the Bowens, Pacolet, Sandy, Tyger, Enoree and Little Rivers in South Carolina.
This is an incomplete list of dams starting at Lake Lure and moving downstream
- Gaston Shoals Dam (Gaffney)
- Cherokee Falls
- Ninety Nine Islands Dam adjacent to the abandoned Cherokee Nuclear Power Plant
- Dam and canal at Lockhart
- Neal Shoals Dam
- Parr Shoals Dam forming Parr Reservoir
- Columbia Canal and Dam in Columbia
The Broad River is crossed several times by many highways (Note: this list at times may be incomplete)
- Rutherford County
- Cleveland County
- NC 150 (Gaffney Road)
- Gaffney/Cherokee County
- Chester and Union Counties
- Fairfield and Newberry Counties
- Eswa Huppeday
- Line River
- Main Broad River
- Eswan Happedaw
It was also known in colonial times as the English Broad River to distinguish it from the French Broad River which also originates in western North Carolina, but flows northwest into what was then part of the claimed territory of New France.
The present name is descriptive of the river's width.
- Houghton Mifflin Company (1997). The Houghton Mifflin Dictionary of Geography. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-395-86448-8
- DeLorme (1998). South Carolina Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-237-4
- Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry for Broad River Archived 2005-10-03 at the Wayback Machine.
- DeLorme (2001). North Carolina Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-277-3
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Broad River
- Lake, William C. (22 June 1935). "Names of Union Streams Have Interesting History". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. pp. A1. Retrieved 22 April 2015.