Broad Street (BMT Nassau Street Line)

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Broad Street
NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Broad Street (J-Z platform)v2.JPG
Southbound/terminating platform
Station statistics
Address Broad Street & Wall Street
New York, NY 10005
Borough Manhattan
Locale Financial District
Coordinates 40°42′25″N 74°00′39″W / 40.707059°N 74.01073°W / 40.707059; -74.01073Coordinates: 40°42′25″N 74°00′39″W / 40.707059°N 74.01073°W / 40.707059; -74.01073
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Nassau Street Line
Services       J all times (all times)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened May 29, 1931; 85 years ago (1931-05-29)[1]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 1,834,780[2]Increase 9.4%
Rank 265 out of 425
Station succession
Next north Fulton Street: J all times Z rush hours, peak direction
Next south (Terminal): J all times Z rush hours, peak direction
Court Street: no regular service

Broad Street is a station on the BMT Nassau Street Line of the New York City Subway located at the intersection of Broad and Wall Streets in the Financial District of Manhattan. It serves as the southern terminal of the J train at all times, and the Z train during rush hours in the peak direction.

History[edit]

Track layout
to Fulton St
to Court St

On March 19, 1913, the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (later reorganized as the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation, or BMT) and the city signed Contract 4 of the Dual Contracts, which provided for the construction of certain lines. Most of the construction was completed by 1924, but the BMT Nassau Street Line was not yet completed. The BMT chairman Gerhard Dahl was persistent at requesting that the city build the line, but Mayor John Hylan refused to act during his final two years as mayor. Once James Walker succeeded him as mayor, contracts for the project were awarded, with the portion south of Liberty Street being awarded to Moranti and Raymond.[3]

Work was projected to be completed in 39 months, and in March 1929, sixty percent of the work had been finished. Nassau Street is only 34 feet (10 m) wide, and the subway floor was only 20 feet (6.1 m) below building foundations. As a result, 89 buildings had to be underpinned to ensure that they would stay on their foundations. Construction had to be done 20 feet below the active IRT Lexington Avenue Line. An area filled with quicksand with water, that used to belong to a spring, was found between John Street and Broad Street. Construction was done at night so as to not disturb workers in the Financial District. The whole cost of the construction of the line was $10,072,000 for the 0.9 miles (1.4 km) extension, or $2,068 a foot, which was three times the normal cost of construction at the time.[3]

The Broad Street station opened on May 29, 1930, to complete the BMT Nassau Street Line, or "Nassau Street Loop," from its previous terminus at Chambers Street through this station and to a connection to the Montague Street Tunnel, which allowed trains to run to Brooklyn.[4] The line's completion allowed subway trains to operate via the Culver Line, whose operation used to consist of elevated trains that ran to Ninth Avenue, where transfers were made to West End subway trains. The new line provided an additional ten percent capacity more than the existing service through DeKalb Avenue. Service on the Jamaica Line was extended to operate to this station.[5]

Grecian revival tablet and frieze circa 1996 from original Vickers design

Despite being actually located on Wall Street, this station was named after Broad Street. This was to distinguish it from the two other stations of that name on the Lexington Avenue Line and Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, located at Wall Street/Broadway and Wall Street/William Street, respectively.[6]

From September 30, 1990 to June 14, 2015, when weekend J service was extended back to Broad Street, this station was closed during weekends,[7][8][8][9][10][11] making Broad Street and the station directly to its north, Fulton Street, two of the four New York City Subway stations that lacked full-time service (the remaining two being the platforms for the IRT 42nd Street Shuttle).

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Out-of-system transfer to Wall Street
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg PM rush hours) toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (Fulton Street)
Southbound NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg AM rush hours) termination track →
(No regular service: Court Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
A consist of R42 cars in J service at Broad Street

This station has two tracks and two side platforms. South of this station, there are two center stub tracks ending at bumper blocks used for laying-up and relaying trains. Further south, the two tracks of the BMT Nassau Street Line merge with the BMT Broadway Line via a flying junction as it enters the Montague Street Tunnel into Downtown Brooklyn. No regular service has used this connection since the M train was re-routed from the Nassau Street Line to the IND Sixth Avenue Line in June 2010.[12][13]

Trains terminate on the southbound track, then continue to one of the two relay tracks before returning on the northbound track to start northbound service to northern Brooklyn and Queens.[14]

This station was renovated in the late 1990s and a mosaic design was added the platform walls. Beneath a small green and gold trim-line is a larger gold trim-line with a maroon border and white "B" and "BROAD ST" tablets on a blue-green background at regular intervals.[15]

Exits[edit]

This station has three entrances/exits. The full-time entrance/exit is at the north end above the platforms. Two staircases from each side go up to a mezzanine containing a turnstile bank and token booth. Outside of fare control, two street stairs go up to the southern corners of Wall and Broad Streets.[16] The one outside of the New York Stock Exchange has been closed since the September 11, 2001, attacks, to prevent the Stock Exchange from a possible terrorist attack.[3][15]

The other two fare entrances/exits are un-staffed and at platform level. The northbound platform has a part-time bank of both regular and HEET turnstiles and three street stairs, one to the northeast corner of Broad Street and Exchange Place and two along Broad Street between Exchange Place and Beaver Street.[16] The southbound platform has turnstiles that were originally HEET access, but were converted to exit-only following the elimination of thru-service at this station, and two staircases to Broad Street between Exchange Place and Beaver Street.[16] There was another staircase here leading to the northwest corner of Broad Street and Exchange Place, but it was also closed after the September 11 attacks.[15]

Entrance next to 23 Wall Street, following the restoration of full-time service to the station

A proposed new skyscraper at 45 Broad Street will provisionally have an entrance to the station. The entrance may contain elevators, thus making the station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.[17] The plans call for two elevators, one for each platform, at the northeastern and southwestern corners of Broad Street and Exchange Place.[18]

Out of system transfer to Wall Street[edit]

Outside of fare control, the station's main entrance/exit has a long passageway to Wall Street on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line[16] that is only open weekdays from 7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. It first runs north three blocks to the basement of One Chase Manhattan Plaza, where two sets of doors and a wide staircase lead to an unmarked entrance/exit at street level. Halfway through the passageway, a short staircase from the west side leads up to a narrower passageway that runs through the basement of the Equitable Building before two offset High Entrance/Exit Turnstiles provide entrance to the subway system.[16] Inside fare control, the passageway splits in half with each branch leading to either side platform of Wall Street. Free connections between the BMT Nassau Street Line and IRT Lexington Avenue Line are available at the next three stations north (Fulton Street, Chambers Street, and Canal Street).[19]

The stations have a shared exit to the eastern corner of Cedar and Broad Streets.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, Mayor Drives Train in New Subway Link, May 30, 1931, page 11
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  3. ^ a b c Linder, Bernard (February 2016). "Contract 4 Subway Controversy". The Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 59 (2). Retrieved July 28, 2016. 
  4. ^ Derrick, Peter (2002-04-01). Tunneling to the Future: The Story of the Great Subway Expansion That Saved New York. NYU Press. ISBN 9780814719541. 
  5. ^ "NASSAU ST. SERVICE OUTLINED BY B.M.T.; Loop to Be Used for Direct Connection From Brooklyn andJamaica to Manhattan.TO START 14TH ST. LINE New Schedules Filed With TransitBoard Provide Full SubwayRide on Culver Line.". The New York Times. 1931-05-21. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  6. ^ "NASSAU ST. SUBWAY TO OPEN ON MAY 30; Its Construction an Engineering Feat Because Many Buildings Had to Be Underpinned. COST $10,072,000 TO BUILD It Will Link B.M.T.'s Centre Street Loop With Tunnel Under East River. 14TH ST. EXTENSION READY Connection With Eighth Avenue Line Will Go Into Operation on the Same Day.". The New York Times. 1931-05-10. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  7. ^ "mta.info - 2014 - 2017 MTA Financial Plan". mta.info. 
  8. ^ a b "MTA - news - MTA's Proposed 2015 Budget Includes Systemwide Service Enhancements". mta.info. 
  9. ^ "J train service upgrade part of MTA's new financial plan". 
  10. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  11. ^ Glickman, Todd (October 6, 1998). "Archive of NYC Subway Maps". mit.edu. Retrieved July 28, 2016. 
  12. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (March 19, 2010). "Under a New Subway Plan, the V Stands for Vanished". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  13. ^ Prendergast, Thomas (March 19, 2010). "Modifications to NYCT Transit Service Revisions" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved July 28, 2016. 
  14. ^ Marrero, Robert (2017-01-01). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  15. ^ a b c Jeremiah Cox. "Broad Street (J,Z) - The SubwayNut". subwaynut.com. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Lower Manhattan" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  17. ^ Warerkar, Tanay (2016-07-28). "Supertall at 45 Broad Street will come with new subway elevators". Curbed NY. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  18. ^ Bindelglass, Evan (2016-07-28). "45 Broad Street Supertall Coming with New Subway Elevators, Financial District". New York YIMBY. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  19. ^ Jeremiah Cox. "Wall Street (4,5) - The SubwayNut". subwaynut.com. 

External links[edit]