Broadcast performing at Sónar Galicia in A Coruña, Spain in June 2010
See members section for others
Broadcast are an English indie electronic band, founded in Birmingham, England in 1995 by Trish Keenan (vocals, keyboards, guitar) and James Cargill (bass). The band has released three albums as well as several EPs, singles and EP collections, with their first studio album, The Noise Made by People, being released in 2000. Their musical style blends elements of 1960s American psychedelic rock with electronica, incorporating samples from various sources, and earned the band a cult following.
Other members included Roj Stevens (keyboards), Tim Felton (guitar), and Steve Perkins (drums). Drummers including Keith York, Phil Jenkins, Jeremy Barnes and Neil Bullock were also featured in the band. As of 2005, Broadcast consisted only of the duo of Keenan and Cargill. Following the unexpected 2011 death of Keenan, Cargill remained the only member.
Keenan (formerly of folk duo Hayward Winters) and Cargill met in the mid 1990s at the Sensateria psychedelic club, and formed Pan Am Flight Bag in 1995, renamed Broadcast after several concerts.
The band's first release in 1996, was the 7" single "Accidentals" (issued on Wurlitzer Jukebox Records), which was written based around a sample from Joseph Losey’s 1967 film Accident. The same year, they released The Book Lovers EP (issued in November by Duophonic Records).
Warp released a compilation album, Work and Non Work, in June 1997, compiling the EP and two singles. The 1999 Broadcast track "You Can Fall" was included on the soundtrack album for the film Morvern Callar, released by Warp in 2002.
2000–2010: Studio albums
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Their second album, Haha Sound, was released in August 2003, preceded by two EPs, Microtronics Volume 01: Stereo Recorded Music for Links and Bridges and Pendulum. Recording sessions for the album took place in fragments at various locations: Keenan recorded vocal tracks with her head in a cardboard box which gave it a "closeness and deadness that makes it sit in the mix a bit nicer," while drummer Bullock recorded drum tracks in a neighborhood church before overdubbing guitar tracks and additional arrangements. Haha Sound became their first charting album in the United States, reaching No. 8 in the Top Dance/Electronic Albums chart. While touring the United States to promote Haha Sound, the group recruited American drummer Jeremy Barnes to perform their live shows. Felton departed after Haha Sound to form a new project, Seeland, with Billy Bainbridge (formerly of another Birmingham Warp act, Plone).
Broadcast's next album, Tender Buttons, was issued in September 2005. It was their first album as a duo of Keenan and Cargill. A second compilation of B-sides and rarities, The Future Crayon, was issued in August 2006.
Broadcast released a collaborative album with the Focus Group (aka graphic designer and Ghost Box label co-owner Julian House) called Broadcast and the Focus Group Investigate Witch Cults of the Radio Age in October 2009. In late 2009, their song "I Found the F" was covered by Gravenhurst on the Warp20 (Recreated) compilation. The band was chosen by Matt Groening to perform at the All Tomorrow's Parties festival he curated in May 2010 in Minehead, Somerset, England.
2011–2013: Keenan's death and Berberian Sound Studio
Keenan died on 14 January 2011 at the age of 42, following complications with pneumonia, which she suffered from after earlier contracting H1N1. Cargill, the sole remaining member, said in a 2011 interview with Under the Radar that a new Broadcast album was in the works, featuring vocals recorded by Keenan shortly before her death. He later said: "Trish left a lot of tapes, four-tracks and stuff, and I’ve been going through those. It’s difficult, and I’m connected to it at the same time. It’s wonderful, but I’m also feeling a sense of loss. The next thing I release with Trish on it will be more like a monument and a tribute to her rather than this obsessive thing I used to have about making albums." As of 2018, however, the album has not been released.
Cargill formed a new project, Children of Alice, with House and former Broadcast member Stevens; they released their eponymous debut album in February 2017. The group's name is a tribute to Keenan, who had cited Alice in Wonderland as a main inspiration.
Broadcast's musical style, a mixture of electronic sounds and Keenan's 1960s-inspired vocals, was heavily influenced by the 1960s American psychedelic group the United States of America, using many of the same electronic effects. The band were also known for using samples taken from both library music compilations and real-life field recordings.
In a 2007 interview, Keenan said that the group aspired with each album to "make a soundtrack for a film that doesn't exist." In their early years, the band was frequently compared to acts such as Portishead and Stereolab. The group's musical output, according to journalist Mikey Jones, "fused the worlds of pop songcraft and experimentally-minded electronic music into a contemporary blend of psychedelia that resonated deeply with listeners, effectively expanding the conventions of what could be considered psychedelic."
Other recurrent elements in the band's music (particularly their first two albums) were "science fiction" atmospheres and "skewed variants" of swing and jazz music, which "offered a Eurocentric counterpoint to the mostly American psych innovators they’d imbibed." In a review published in Spin in 2001, the band were likened to being "stuck in a time warp–the sound of '70s wife-swapping parties with beanbags and unhappy children serving sausages on sticks."
The band's recording gear and methods were profiled in a 2003 article in Electronic Musician, in which it was noted that they recorded many of their guitar arrangements (played at that time on a 1960s Italian Eko Edsel) through microphones, rather than through a DI unit. Additional instruments, including the vibraphone, timpani, clarinets and organ were recorded and subsequently fed through a speaker again in order to be re-recorded with microphones. Their private studio setup included an AKG BX-15, a Fostex rackmount coil reverb amplifier and an Acutronics tray (originally sourced from a Fender amplifier.) Their recording setup also included a MOTU 2408 hard-disk recording system, an Apple Mac G4, a Fender Rhodes, a Vox Continental and a Korg MS-20.
For digital production, the band sometimes used an reFX QuadraSid emulator and Native Instruments Reaktor. Commenting on the production of their third album, Haha Sound, Keenan said: "You know when it feels overworked. We used more of a minimalist approach on this album: There has been less emphasis on decoration and more on repetitive parts that go through the tracks. They are not the focus for your ear, but they are the foundation."
Keenan suffered from stage fright in Broadcast's early days, and earned a reputation for a "shoegazing onstage introversion." "I used to get nervous like the whole of that day of the show, and now it only happens the moment I walk onstage," she later said in a 1998 interview. "When you listen to me sing my first line, you can always tell my heart is in my throat. Headlining gigs is a confidence booster."
- The Noise Made by People (2000)
- Haha Sound (2003)
- Tender Buttons (2005)
- Broadcast and the Focus Group Investigate Witch Cults of the Radio Age (2009)
- Berberian Sound Studio (2013)
- James Cargill - bass, production
- Trish Keenan - vocals, guitar, keyboards (1995–died 2011)
- Roj Stevens - keyboards (1995–2011)
- Tim Felton - guitar (1995–2011)
- Steve Perkins - drums (1995–2011)
- Keith York - drums (2000–2003)
- Phil Jenkins - drums (2003)
- Jeremy Barnes - drums
- Neil Bullock - drums (2003–)
- Lentz III, Harris M. (2012). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2011. McFarland. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-7864-9134-6.
- "Trish Keenan: Singer who made beguiling, bewitching music with the". The Independent. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- Jones, Mikey (19 February 2015). "The Essential... Broadcast". Fact Magazine. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- "The Book Lovers - Broadcast". AllMusic. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- "WORK AND NON WORK : BROADCAST". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- "Morvern Callar [Original Soundtrack] - Original Soundtrack | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
- "The Top 200 Tracks of the 1990s: 200-151". Pitchfork. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
- Micallef, Ken (1 August 2003). "BROADCAST". Electronic Musician. Archived from the original on 15 January 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- "Broadcast Haha Sound Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
- "TalkNarc: Interview with A Hawk and a Hacksaw's Jeremy Barnes". NoiseNarcs. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "The Way the Wind Blows". The Leaf Label. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- "Various Artists: Warp20 (Box Set) / Warp20 (Chosen) / Warp20 (Recreated) / Warp20 (Unheard) Album Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
- "Stage Times for ATP curated by Matt Groening - updated with DJs - All Tomorrow's Parties". All Tomorrow's Parties. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
- "Broadcast: A Statement". Warp. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- Bychawski, Adam (14 January 2011). "Broadcast's Trish Keenan dies after contracting pneumonia". NME. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- Griffiths, Ian J; Goff, Daffyd (14 January 2011). "Broadcast singer Trish Keenan dies after suffering pneumonia | Music". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Everhart, John (23 November 2011). "James Cargill Working on New Broadcast Album with Trish Keenan Vocals Recorded Before Her Passing". Under The Radar. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
- "Broadcast Working on New Album". Pitchfork. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
- "Broadcast to make Trish Keenan tribute album". NME. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- Paphides, Peter (14 January 2011). "Music: Alice Through The Test Card". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- Noble, Anna (14 January 2011). "Music: RIP Trish Keenan". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 21 March 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- Monk, J. (27 January 2011). "Trish Keenan, Broadcast, 1995-2011". Tiny Mix Tapes. Archived from the original on 15 January 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
- Cargill, James; Keenan, Trish (22 December 2007). "Broadcast Interview and Live Podcast" (Interview). Interviewed by Jonny Trunk. Resonance FM.
- "Reviews: Broadcast". Spin. Spin Media, LLC. 17 (1–4): 197.
- "Broadcast". Option. Sonic Options Network (78–81): 24. 1998.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Broadcast (band).|
- Broadcast at the BBC
- Concert photos by Laurent Orseau (Black Session)
- Interview with James Cargill from Cyclic Defrost magazine (Australia, 2005)
- Promotional page for collaborative release 'Broadcast and The Focus Group Investigate Witch Cults Of The Radio Age' on Warp website
- Memories of an interview with Broadcast