Broadway Junction (New York City Subway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Brooklyn neighborhood, see Broadway Junction (Brooklyn).
Broadway Junction
"A" train "C" train "J" train "Z" train "L" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Broadway Junction from outside vc.jpg
The elevated part of the complex
Station statistics
Address Van Sinderen Avenue & Fulton Street
Brooklyn, NY 11233
Borough Brooklyn
Locale East New York, Cypress Hills, Bedford-Stuyvesant
Coordinates 40°40′44.11″N 73°54′12.43″W / 40.6789194°N 73.9034528°W / 40.6789194; -73.9034528Coordinates: 40°40′44.11″N 73°54′12.43″W / 40.6789194°N 73.9034528°W / 40.6789194; -73.9034528
Division B (BMT/IND)
Line BMT Canarsie Line
IND Fulton Street Line
BMT Jamaica Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      J all times (all times)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
      L all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: B20, B25, B83, Q24, Q56
BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR: City Terminal Zone (at East New York)
Levels 3
Other information
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[1]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 3,133,658 (station complex)[2]Increase 3.8%
Rank 162 out of 425

Broadway Junction is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the elevated BMT Canarsie Line and BMT Jamaica Line, and the underground IND Fulton Street Line. It was also served by trains of the Fulton Street Elevated until that line closed in 1956. It is located roughly at the intersection of Broadway, Fulton Street, and Van Sinderen Avenue at the border of Bedford-Stuyvesant and East New York, Brooklyn. The fare control area is located at the eastern end of the Fulton Street Line station. The complex is served by the:

  • A, J, and L trains at all times
  • C train at all times except late nights
  • Z train during rush hours in the peak direction only

History[edit]

What is now Broadway Junction sits atop the historical Jamaica Pass, the junction of the modern Broadway, Fulton Street, and Jamaica Avenue.[3] The first rail service in the area was the Long Island Rail Road's Atlantic Branch at East New York station, which started construction in 1836 and was complete by at least 1843.[3] The Brooklyn and Rockaway Beach Railroad (the predecessor to the BMT Canarsie Line) began service in the area in 1865.[3] The name Manhattan Junction or Manhattan Beach Junction was applied to the station on what is now the Jamaica Line when it opened in 1885;[4][5] the area had been known as Manhattan Beach Crossing since before then,[6][7] due to the crossing of the LIRR's Manhattan Beach Division. A station on the Fulton Street Elevated at Sackman Street opened on July 4, 1889,[8] when the line was extended to Atlantic Avenue.

A two-track, one-half-block elevated connection was built along on the east side of Vesta Avenue (now Van Sinderen Avenue) between the Fulton Street and Broadway Lines.[9] This connection, equipped with third rail, was opened on August 9, 1900, and new service patterns were implemented: during times other than rush hours, Lexington Avenue and Fulton Street trains were through-routed, and travel beyond Manhattan Junction required a transfer.[10][11] This "East New York Loop" was unpopular, and was soon stopped;[12] the next service to use the tracks was the BMT Canarsie Line to Broadway Ferry (later the 15 train), joined to the Fulton Street Line at Pitkin and Snediker Avenues in 1906.[3][13]

The name was changed from Manhattan Junction to Broadway Junction in 1913.[14] During the Dual Contracts in the 1910s, bidirectional express tracks were added to the Fulton and Broadway Els, while the current Broadway El station at Eastern Parkway opened on August 5, 1919, replacing the old Manhattan Junction station.[3][15] The full BMT 14th Street-Canarsie Line was completed on July 14, 1928 with the opening of the segment connecting Broadway Junction with Montrose Avenue.[12][16]

By 1936, the IND Fulton Street Line had been extended to Rockaway Avenue. At that time, Broadway Junction was an all-BMT transfer point. Further eastward extension of the line was delayed by World War II; the Broadway – East New York station opened in 1946,[3][12][17][18][19] with the escalator passageway between the IND and BMT completed on July 1, 1948.[20][21] The Fulton Street El was now redundant, and BMT service on the line closed entirely on April 26, 1956, with the eastern portion to Lefferts Boulevard connected to the IND.[22]

The entire complex was renovated in the late 1990s.[23] For a long time, the stations within the complex went by three different names: Eastern Parkway (later Broadway - Eastern Parkway) (BMT Jamaica Line), Broadway Junction (BMT Canarsie Line), and Broadway – East New York (IND Fulton Street Line). Conformity between the station names was established in the early 2000s.[12]

Station layout[edit]

3F Crossover Transfer between platforms
2F
Platform level
Northbound "L" train toward Eighth Avenue (Bushwick Avenue – Aberdeen Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left toward Eighth Avenue only
Separation at south end
Island platform, not in use, doors do not open on this side
Southbound local "L" train toward Canarsie – Rockaway Parkway (Atlantic Avenue)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Mezzanine Transfer between levels
1F
Platform level
Southbound local "J" train toward Broad Street (Halsey Street AM rush hours, Chauncey Street other times)
"Z" train toward Broad Street AM rush (Chauncey Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Peak-direction express No regular service
(No service: Myrtle Avenue (southbound) or Alabama Avenue (northbound))
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Northbound local "J" train toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer (Alabama Avenue)
"Z" train toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer PM rush (Alabama Avenue)
G Street Level Exits/Entrances
B
Platform level
Northbound local "C" train toward 168th Street ("A" train toward 207th Street late nights) (Rockaway Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Northbound express "A" train toward Inwood – 207th Street (Utica Avenue)
Southbound express "A" train toward Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue, Lefferts Boulevard, or
Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street (Euclid Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound local "C" train toward Euclid Avenue ("A" train toward Far Rockaway late nights) (Liberty Avenue)

The station complex is composed of three stations: the two elevated stations on the BMT Jamaica and Canarsie Lines, as well as the underground station on the IND Fulton Street Line. The IND station is accessible from the station's ground-level station house, at the east end of the station complex, using staircases down to platform level. The BMT lines are reachable from that same station house via newly replaced escalators from street level to the upper mezzanine, which is located over the elevated BMT Jamaica Line platforms and at the BMT Canarsie Line's platform level. A footbridge leads from the upper mezzanine to the BMT Canarsie Line's northbound platform.[3][24][25]

Exit[edit]

The fare control area is in the station house, with a token booth and turnstile banks. This was built along with the IND station. The station house leads to Van Sinderen Avenue between Fulton Street to the south, and Truxton Street and Broadway to the north. This is the only entrance to the entire complex. There is also a police precinct located in the station house, NYPD Transit Police District 33, at the south end of the building.[3][24][25] The station was previously part of Transit Police District 23.[26] The station house is adjacent to Callahan-Kelly Playground, and is recessed a short distance west from Van Sinderen Avenue.[3][25]

A ventilation structure for the IND line sits at the west end of the park at Sackman Street.[3][27] There have been planning studies to build a new entrance in this area, or reopen an old closed-off one,[28] though no evidence exists today of a prior exit.

BMT Canarsie Line platforms[edit]

Broadway Junction
"L" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Bway junction L.jpeg
Southbound side platform for the "L" train train;
with northbound island platform
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Canarsie Line
Services       L all times (all times)
Structure Elevated
Platforms 1 island platform
1 side platform (southbound only)
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened December 14, 1928; 88 years ago (1928-12-14)
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[1]
Station succession
Next north Bushwick Avenue – Aberdeen Street: L all times
Next south Atlantic Avenue: L all times
Track layout
to Bushwick Av
to Atlantic Av

Broadway Junction on the BMT Canarsie Line has two tracks, one island platform, and one side platform. Manhattan-bound trains use the island platform for northbound service while Canarsie-bound trains use the side platform for southbound service (similar to the configuration of the Bowling Green station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line). However, unlike Bowling Green, the latter can use the island platform if necessary.[3]

This station opened on July 14, 1928,[16] and is one of the highest elevated platforms in the city, sitting above the already-elevated BMT Jamaica Line. As high as this station platform is, it plunges abruptly into a tunnel at the north end. This end of the station slopes sharply downward, and the platform end is about 200 yards (180 m) away from the tunnel's portal. A new diamond crossover has been installed here.

The south end of the northbound platform divides into two "legs." Two normally-unused tracks connect the Canarsie and Jamaica lines. Occasionally, a train being rerouted will use these tracks. The southbound track can be seen emerging beneath the two "legs" of the northbound platform; the northbound "flyover" with its severe curve can be seen just east of the station, beginning near the signal tower. Since 1999, this station has been undergoing a series of renovations, including new canopies, a new crossover (known as 'The Barn' because of its rustic red siding and white trim), and the removal of a hazardous crossunder. The old-style platform lights were removed and replaced with "loop" fixtures, widely seen elsewhere in the system.

The 2001 artwork is called Brooklyn, New Morning by Al Loving.[29]

BMT Jamaica Line platforms[edit]

Broadway Junction
"J" train "Z" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Bway Junct J platform.JPG
Southbound "Z" train train departing
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line BMT Jamaica Line
Services       J all times (all times)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened June 14, 1885; 131 years ago (1885-06-14)[7]
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[1]
Former/other names Broadway – Eastern Parkway (1885 - 2003)
Station succession
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway   Following station
toward Broad Street
BMT Jamaica Line
(express & skip-stop)
J rush hours, peak direction
(Skip-stop service)
Terminus
toward Broad Street
BMT Jamaica Line
(local)
J all times except weekdays 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., peak direction
BMT Jamaica Line
(express & skip-stop)
Z rush hours, peak direction)
(Skip-stop service)
Terminus
(via Canarsie)
no regular service
toward Broad Street
(express)
no regular service

Broadway Junction is an express station on the BMT Jamaica Line that has three tracks and two island platforms.[3] The middle express track is not used in regular revenue service.[3] At each end of the station are also track connections to the East New York Yard. Trains that run to/from that yard can terminate or begin at this station.

The station was originally called Broadway – Eastern Parkway, named for its original exit on the extreme west end of the platforms. This entrance is now closed, though the street stairs and station house are still present.[3] A second fare control area at Conway Street in the middle of the platforms was also closed,[3][30] and was removed in the 2000s.[3][23] The ironwork for the old Fulton El trackways can be seen under this portion of the complex from the platforms. Two staircases from each platform lead to the upper mezzanine of the complex.[3] The mezzanine is above the platforms and connects to the Canarsie Line and to the exit at street level via two long escalators.[3] At street level, there is a transfer to the underground IND Fulton Street Line and the fare control area.[3] The upper mezzanine extends one-third of the length of the platforms[3] and is made of concrete. Windows were once present,[21] but are now cemented over.

IND Fulton Street Line platforms[edit]

Broadway Junction
"A" train "C" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Bwy Junction wb A train jeh.JPG
Northbound "A" train train arriving on the local track
Station statistics
Division B (IND)
Line IND Fulton Street Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened December 30, 1946; 70 years ago (1946-12-30)
Accessibility Cross-platform wheelchair transfer available
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[1]
Former/other names Broadway – East New York (1946-2003)
Station succession
Next north Rockaway Avenue (local): A late nights C all except late nights
Utica Avenue (express): A all except late nights
Next south Liberty Avenue (local): A late nights C all except late nights
Euclid Avenue (express): A all except late nights
Track layout
to Utica Av
to Rockaway Av
to Liberty Av
to Euclid Av

Broadway Junction on the IND Fulton Street Line, formerly called Broadway–East New York,[3][19][20] is a standard express station with four tracks and two island platforms.[3]

Constructed in the 1930s, the station was nearly complete when the United States' entrance into World War II in 1941 halted construction due to material shortages.[3][17][18] Work resumed following the war to install the necessary signal and trackwork and complete the escalator to the BMT platforms.[18][20] The contract for the 43-foot (13 m) escalator was awarded on November 7, 1945 to the Otis Elevator Company.[20] The station opened on December 30, 1946,[17][19][31] while the escalator was completed on July 1, 1948 after supply delays.[20][21][32] Callahan-Kelly Playground was built along with the station, clearing buildings in the area in order to facilitate the station and other utilities.[3][27] In the early 1950s, the platforms were extended to 660 feet (200 m) to accommodate 11-car trains.[33][34][35]

The station's tile band is unique in that it incorporates two types of tile – gloss and matte – in contrasting shades of cobalt blue (gloss border) and blueberry (matte center). When the station was renamed in 2003, the "EAST NY" tiles on the wall were removed and replaced by tiles reading "JUNCTION", in the matching IND copperplate font. There is an active control tower just past the head end of the Queens-bound platform.[36]

East of the station, the tunnel widens on both sides to accommodate an additional trackway diverging from the local tracks. These bellmouths were built for a proposed extension along the BMT Jamaica Line, or for a proposed Jamaica Avenue Subway.[37] It was not a provision for the IND Second System, as were similar structures on other IND lines, but rather date from an earlier plan for the IND Fulton Street Line, which would have connected the IND tracks west of the station to two lines to the east of the station: the BMT Jamaica Line tracks, and the BMT Fulton Street Line tracks to Lefferts Boulevard (which were eventually connected to the IND Fulton Street Line anyway, albeit past Grant Avenue).[38] One of these bellmouths has an emergency exit. There is nothing on the model board in the Broadway/East New York tower to show this provision.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "Broadway Junction Transportation Study: NYC Department of City Planning Final Report-November 2008" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. November 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2010-06-06. Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Building a Terminus". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. September 18, 1885. p. 1. 
  5. ^ "The Brooklyn Elevated". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. January 3, 1886. p. 1. 
  6. ^ "Going Ahead". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. April 3, 1880. p. 4. 
  7. ^ a b "East New York". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. June 13, 1885. p. 6. 
  8. ^ "The Fulton Street Elevated". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. June 28, 1889. p. 6. 
  9. ^ "To Join Elevated Roads". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. September 8, 1899. p. 3. 
  10. ^ "Loop in Operation". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. August 9, 1900. p. 3. 
  11. ^ "Twenty-Sixth Warders Complain of New L Loop". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. August 10, 1900. p. 3. 
  12. ^ a b c d Williams, Keith. "Weaving the Broadway Junction tapestry". The Weekly Nabe. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "www.nycsubway.org". www.nycsubway.org. 
  14. ^ Brian J. Cudahy, Under the Sidewalks of New York: The Story of the Greatest Subway System in the World, page 60
  15. ^ District, New York (State) Public Service Commission First (1921-01-01). Annual Report for the Year Ended ... The Commission. 
  16. ^ a b "Last Link of New 14th St-E.D. Subway To Be Opened Today: First Train This Afternoon Will Carry Officials – Citizens to Celebrate". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 14, 1928. Retrieved 25 August 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  17. ^ a b c Joseph B. Raskin (1 November 2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  18. ^ a b c Blauvelt, Paul (June 9, 1946). "Shortages Snarl $50,000,000 Tube Links". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. 21. Retrieved 9 October 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  19. ^ a b c "Little Move, but Good". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. January 2, 1947. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via Newspapers.com. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "Big Escalator To Link Three Lines in E.N.Y.: Will connect Fulton St. Subway With 14th St., Broadway Routes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 17, 1947. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via Newspapers.com. 
  21. ^ a b c Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. 
  22. ^ "First Leg of Rockaways Transit Opened at Cost of $10,154,702". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 30, 1956. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  23. ^ a b "REHABILITATE EAST NEW YORK STATION COMPLEX BROOKLYN". mta.nyc.ny.us. New York City Transit. 1997-02-02. Archived from the original on 1997-02-02. Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  24. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Ocean Hill" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2015. 
  25. ^ a b c "Sustainable Communities East New York; Chapter V: Broadway Junction Subarea" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. June 2014. pp. 86–113. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  26. ^ "TA Police Shifting Dist. HQ To 116 St." (PDF). Wave of Long Island. Fultonhistory.com. May 18, 1977. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  27. ^ a b "Callahan & Kelly Playground: History". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  28. ^ "Broadway Junction Technical Assistance Panel" (PDF). Urban Land Institute. June 26, 2014. pp. 19–20. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ "Reopening Closed Subway Entrances" (PDF). pcac.org. New York City Transit Riders Council. November 2001. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  31. ^ "'At Home' Boro Parties Top New Year's Week". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. December 28, 1946. p. 3. Retrieved 16 July 2016 – via Newspapers.com. 
  32. ^ "New York's Transit System Getting Six Otis Escalators" (PDF). The Herald Statesman. Fultonhistory.com. September 22, 1947. p. 4. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  33. ^ Bennett, Charles G. (November 20, 1949). "Transit Platforms on Lines in Queens to be Lengthened". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  34. ^ Noonan, Dan (March 6, 1951). "Transit Board to Add 1 Car to Fulton St. IND Trains: 11-Car Units Will East Rush Hour Jam in Boro". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. 5. Retrieved 16 July 2016 – via Newspapers.com. 
  35. ^ Ingalls, Leonard (August 28, 1953). "2 Subway Lines to Add Cars, Another to Speed Up Service". New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  36. ^ "Buttons to Speed Travel in Subway: $2,000,000 System of Signals Soon to Be in Operation on Brooklyn IND Division". The New York Times. November 12, 1948. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  37. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9FiS6X83UvM The bellmouth can be seen towards the right, at the 5:40 mark in the video, just before the train enters the Broadway Junction station.
  38. ^ "New Fulton St Subway Officially Started as Byrne Turns Earth". April 17, 1929. p. 4. 

External links[edit]