Broadwell, Oxfordshire

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Broadwell
Broadwell Steeple&Roof.JPG
Thatched roofs and St Peter's steeple
from the south-west
Broadwell is located in Oxfordshire
Broadwell
Broadwell
 Broadwell shown within Oxfordshire
Population 218 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SP2503
Civil parish Broadwell
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Lechlade
Postcode district GL7
Dialling code 01367
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°44′10″N 1°38′31″W / 51.736°N 1.642°W / 51.736; -1.642

Broadwell is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) south-west of Carterton in West Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 218.[1]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saints Peter and Paul is a late Norman church built in about AD 1190.[2] In about 1250 the bell tower and octagonal spire were built, the north and south transepts were added, the chancel remodelled and an arch was inserted in the north wall of the chancel, linking it to a new north chapel.[2] The south wall of the chancel has also a window added early in the 14th century.[2] A Perpendicular Gothic arch linking the north transept and chapel was inserted.[2] In the 15th century a stair-turret was added to reach a room over the north transept.[2] The church was restored under the direction of E.G. Bruton in 1873.[3] It is a Grade I listed building.[4]

The tower has an historic ring of five bells from the 14th to the 17th centuries, plus a more recent Sanctus bell.[5] Currently all are unringable.[5] The second bell is the oldest, cast by an unknown founder in about 1349.[5] The tenor was cast in about 1500 by Thomas Hasylwood,[5] whose kinsman William Hasylwood had bell-foundries at Reading and Wokingham.[6] The fourth bell was cast in 1581 by Joseph Carter,[5] whose kinsman William Carter was a bell-founder at Reading and then at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry.[6] Edward Neale of Burford[6] cast the third bell in 1653[5] and the treble in 1663.[5] Thomas Rudhall of Gloucester[6] cast the Sanctus bell in 1778.[5]

The parish is now part of the Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire, which includes also the parishes of Alvescot, Black Bourton, Broughton Poggs, Filkins, Holwell, Kelmscott, Kencot, Langford, Little Faringdon, Shilton and Westwell.[7]

Village cross[edit]

By the main road through the village near the parish church are the remains of a Medieval village cross. It comprises a stone shaft set on an octagonal base of four steps,[8] probably made in the 15th century. It is Grade II* listed.[9]

RAF Broadwell[edit]

RAF Broadwell was an airfield 2 miles (3 km) north of Broadwell, actually in the adjacent parish of Kencot. The airfield was in service from 1943 until 1947 and was used by Royal Air Force Transport Command.[10]

Amenities[edit]

The Chilli Pepper bed and breakfast, formerly the Five Bells pub

Broadwell had a public house, the Five Bells. It is now the Chilli Pepper bed and breakfast house.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Broadwell (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 490.
  3. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 489.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Peter and St Paul  (Grade I) (1199110)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Davies, Peter (12 December 2006). "Broadwell SS Peter and Paul". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d Dovemaster (25 June 2010). "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  7. ^ Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire". Church of England. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Marples 1973, p. 305.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Village cross  (Grade II*) (1199125)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Broadwell". Controltowers.co.uk. Robert Truman. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]