Thatched roofs and St Peter's steeple
from the south-west
|Broadwell shown within Oxfordshire|
|Population||218 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
The Church of England parish church of Saints Peter and Paul is a late Norman church built in about AD 1190. In about 1250 the bell tower and octagonal spire were built, the north and south transepts were added, the chancel remodelled and an arch was inserted in the north wall of the chancel, linking it to a new north chapel. The south wall of the chancel has also a window added early in the 14th century. A Perpendicular Gothic arch linking the north transept and chapel was inserted. In the 15th century a stair-turret was added to reach a room over the north transept. The church was restored under the direction of E.G. Bruton in 1873. It is a Grade I listed building.
The tower has an historic ring of five bells from the 14th to the 17th centuries, plus a more recent Sanctus bell. Currently all are unringable. The second bell is the oldest, cast by an unknown founder in about 1349. The tenor was cast in about 1500 by Thomas Hasylwood, whose kinsman William Hasylwood had bell-foundries at Reading and Wokingham. The fourth bell was cast in 1581 by Joseph Carter, whose kinsman William Carter was a bell-founder at Reading and then at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. Edward Neale of Burford cast the third bell in 1653 and the treble in 1663. Thomas Rudhall of Gloucester cast the Sanctus bell in 1778.
The parish is now part of the Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire, which includes also the parishes of Alvescot, Black Bourton, Broughton Poggs, Filkins, Holwell, Kelmscott, Kencot, Langford, Little Faringdon, Shilton and Westwell.
By the main road through the village near the parish church are the remains of a Medieval village cross. It comprises a stone shaft set on an octagonal base of four steps, probably made in the 15th century. It is Grade II* listed.
RAF Broadwell was an airfield 2 miles (3 km) north of Broadwell, actually in the adjacent parish of Kencot. The airfield was in service from 1943 until 1947 and was used by Royal Air Force Transport Command.
- "Area: Broadwell (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 490.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 489.
- Historic England. "Church of St Peter and St Paul (Grade I) (1199110)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Davies, Peter (12 December 2006). "Broadwell SS Peter and Paul". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- Dovemaster (25 June 2010). "Bell Founders". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire". Church of England. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Marples 1973, p. 305.
- Historic England. "Village cross (Grade II*) (1199125)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- "Broadwell". Controltowers.co.uk. Robert Truman.
Sources and further reading
- Fisher, A.S.T. (1968). The History of Broadwell, Oxfordshire, with Filkins, Kelmscott and Holwell. privately published.
- Marples, B.J. (1973). "The Medieval Crosses of Oxfordshire" (PDF). Oxoniensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. XXXVIII: 307.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 488–490. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
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