Broek in Waterland

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Broek in Waterland
Town
1151 Broek in Waterland, Netherlands - panoramio (40).jpg
Coat of arms of Broek in Waterland
Coat of arms
LocatieWaterland.png
Town centre (darkgreen) and statistical district (lightgreen) of Broek in Waterland in the municipality of Waterland
Town centre (darkgreen) and statistical district (lightgreen) of Broek in Waterland in the municipality of Waterland
Coordinates: 52°26′10″N 4°59′39″E / 52.43611°N 4.99417°E / 52.43611; 4.99417Coordinates: 52°26′10″N 4°59′39″E / 52.43611°N 4.99417°E / 52.43611; 4.99417
CountryNetherlands
Province North Holland
MunicipalityWaterland
Population
 • Total2,350
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Broek in Waterland is a town in the province of North Holland, Netherlands with a population of about 2,350 inhabitants. It is a part of the municipality of Waterland, and is situated about 8 km south of Purmerend and 8 km northeast of Amsterdam.

In the 17th and 18th century, the town was a popular residence for merchants and seafarers from Amsterdam. Due to its monument status, much of its history has been preserved.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Many of the houses in the village date back to before 1850. Before 1940 there had been only limited housing development. This meant that many houses were divided to accommodate several families under the same roof.

The church of Broek in Waterland was built before 1400 and was dedicated to Saint Nicolas. On September 26, 1573 the church was razed to the ground by Spaniards during the Eighty Years' War. In 1628 the inhabitants of Broek in Waterland started to rebuild the church on the foundations of the old building.

The pulpit was donated to the church in 1685 by a wealthy couple who were married there in 1641. It is made of ebony, rosewood and pallisander wood, which give it a dark colour and delicate texture. The church organ was built in 1832 by Wander Beekes. The church was extensively renovated in 1989. During this renovation, the original ceiling frescoes of cherubs and fruit garlands were rediscovered under old layers of paint.

Touristic attraction[edit]

Broek in Waterland was a popular vacation village for sea captains in the 1600s.[1]

The town has always been famous for its cleanliness. Many 17th and 18th century travelbooks of foreign travellers mentioned the cleanliness and tidyness of the village.

The extreme cleanliness of Broek in Waterland led French visitors in the first half of the eighteenth century to dub this dairying village "le temple de la propreté hollandaise".[2]

Part of the municipality of Waterland[edit]

Broek in Waterland was a separate municipality until 1991, when it was merged with Waterland.[3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: The Netherlands: The Netherlands. DK Publishing. 1 August 2011. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-7566-8476-1.
  2. ^ van Bavel, Bas; Gelderblom, Oscar (2007-07-27). "Land of Milk and Butter. The Economic Origins of Cleanliness in the Dutch Golden Age" (PDF). Draft. www.lowcountries.nl. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
  3. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, "Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten", KNAW, 2006. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-02-20. Retrieved 2009-12-03.

See also[edit]