Broken men

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In Ireland and Scotland broken men were clansmen who no longer had any allegiance to their original clan,[1][2] and might be outlaws.[3][4]


  1. ^ Fox 1971, p. 146.
  2. ^ Adam & Innes 2004, p. 27.
  3. ^ Campbell of Airds 2002, p. 94.
  4. ^ Roberts 2000, p. 94.


  • Adam, Frank; Innes, Thomas (2004). The Clans, Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 1934 (reprint ed.). Kessinger Publishing. pp. 27. ISBN 1-4179-8076-1. 
  • Campbell of Airds, Alastair (2002). A History of Clan Campbell: From Flodden to the Restoration: (Volume 2 of A History of Clan Campbell) (illustrated ed.). Edinburgh University Press. p. 94. ISBN 1-902930-18-5. 
  • Fox, Richard Gabriel (1971). Kin, clan, raja, and rule: statehinterland relations in preindustrial India (reprint ed.). University of California Press. pp. 146. 
  • Roberts, John Leonard (2000). Clan, king, and covenant: history of the Highland clans from the Civil War to the Glencoe Massacre (illustrated ed.). Edinburgh University Press. p. 134.