Bromborough

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Bromborough
Village
Bromboroughcross1.JPG
Bromborough cross
Bromborough is located in Merseyside
Bromborough
Bromborough
Bromborough shown within Merseyside
Population 14,850 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SJ349825
• London 175 mi (282 km)[2] SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIRRAL
Postcode district CH62 and CH63
Dialling code 0151
ISO 3166 code GB-WRL
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°20′10″N 2°58′41″W / 53.336°N 2.978°W / 53.336; -2.978Coordinates: 53°20′10″N 2°58′41″W / 53.336°N 2.978°W / 53.336; -2.978

Bromborough is a large village within the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in Merseyside, England. It is situated on the Wirral Peninsula, to the south of Bebington and to the north of Eastham. In the 2001 Census, the population of the township was 12,630 (6,050 males, 6,580 females),[3] although the total number of people within the larger Bromborough Ward was 13,963.[4] By the time of the 2011 Census the population of the township was no longer collected although that of the Ward was shown as having increased to 14,850.[5] Before local government reorganisation on 1 April 1974, it was part of the urban district of Bebington, within the county of Cheshire.

History[edit]

Bromborough is a contender for the site of an epic battle in the year 937, the Battle of Brunanburh, which confirmed England as an Anglo-Saxon kingdom.[6] Reconstructed from fragments, an Anglo Saxon cross is in the churchyard of local parish church St Barnabas.[7]

A charter for a market to be held each Monday was granted by Edward I in 1278 to the monks of St. Werburgh's Abbey. It was hoped that in establishing the market in the vicinity of Bromborough Cross would promote honest dealing. The market cross was the traditional centre of the village and also an assembly point for local farm labourers available for hire. The steps of the cross are from the original 13th-century monument. The cross itself is a more recent reproduction, presented to the town by the Bromborough Society.[8][9]

With a watermill having been recorded at Bromborough at the time of the Domesday Survey, Bromborough watermill was likely to have been the oldest mill site on the Wirral.[10] Located on the River Dibbin at what is known as Spital Dam, it was worked until 1940 and demolished in 1949.[11] The site is now a children's nursery. A windmill, built in 1787, existed on higher ground also at the same location. Having fallen into disuse and much deteriorated, it was destroyed by gunpowder in about 1878.[9]

An increase in traffic passing through the area resulted in Bromborough undergoing extensive redevelopment in the 1930s. Bromborough Hall, built in 1617, was demolished in 1932 to make way for a by-pass and a number of farmhouses and cottages in the area of Bromborough Cross were replaced with shops.[9]

Geography[edit]

Bromborough is situated on the eastern side of the Wirral Peninsula, at the western side of the River Mersey. The area is approximately 12.5 km (7.8 mi) south-south-east of the Irish Sea at New Brighton and about 8 km (5.0 mi) east-north-east of the Dee Estuary at Parkgate. Bromborough Cross is at an elevation of about 32 m (105 ft) above sea level.[12]

Economy[edit]

East of the A41 road, towards the River Mersey, is industrial development and includes Bromborough Pool,[13] an early industrial "model village" developed from 1853–58 by Price's Candles. Part of the industry is connected to the former Bromborough Dock and includes a controversial ammonium nitrate warehouse and the main landfill site for the Wirral, now a Walkway with views of the river. Cereal Partners employs 340 people and produces Cheerios and Corn Flakes, among other breakfast cereals, in a factory formerly owned by Viota. Rank Hovis McDougall briefly owned the business in the 1990s. Another major business is Sun Valley, which processes peanuts.

The Croft Retail & Leisure Park, which opened in March 1990, is located off the A41 and contains a seven-screen Odeon cinema and a Gala Bingo, a 24-hour Asda superstore. Other major retailers in the area include Mothercare, Smyths, Dunelm, Outfit, Argos, Boots, a combined Currys PC World, Halfords, M&S Simply Food, and Next. Bromborough also contains the Fitness First and a DW (formerly JJB Sports) fitness club. Nando's, Harvester and KFC are new additions to the retail park.

Community[edit]

Church of St Barnabas

The boundary between the council wards of Bromborough and Eastham is Plymyard Avenue (just past Bettisfield Avenue), Moreland Avenue (where it merges into Raeburn Avenue), Bridle Road (at the point of Manor Road) and Eastham Rake (where Brookhurst Avenue ends).

To the west of the A41 New Chester Road, Bromborough is mainly residential development started in the 1930s, centred on the original village centre with its market cross.

There are a number of pubs in Bromborough: 'The Bromborough,' the 'Royal Oak' and the local British Legion, now known as the Bromborough Social Club are situated in Bromborough Village. The Archers pub has closed down and planning permission submitted for it to be demolished. On the outskirts, bordering Eastham, are the 'Merebrook' and the 'Dibbinsdale', where there is a branch of the Pesto restaurant chain.

The launderette in the centre of the village, opposite The Royal Oak pub, was opened c. 1966 by the actress Pat Phoenix, who played Elsie Tanner in the popular soap Coronation Street.

The local newspapers are the Bromborough and Bebington News and the Wirral Globe.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The main road through the area is the A41 New Chester Road. The B5137 Spital Road joins the A41 at Bromborough. Junctions 4 and 5 of the M53 motorway are equidistant from Bromborough, each about 3 km (1.9 mi) away; Junction 4 is to the west and Junction 5 is to the south.

Rail[edit]

Bromborough and Bromborough Rake railway stations are both situated on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network. Trains run every 15 minutes to Chester, every 30 minutes to Ellesmere Port, and there are six trains per hour to Liverpool Central.

Air[edit]

Liverpool John Lennon Airport, approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) across the Mersey Estuary, is visible from Bromborough. However, the airport is about 20 km (12 mi) by road.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bromborough is made up of the Bromborough ward and 5 output areas in the Eastham ward http://www.ukcensusdata.com/eastham-e05000960#sthash.upQjNR11.NEY2l26Z.dpbs
  2. ^ "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Retrieved 6 March 2016. 
  3. ^ Wirral 2001 Census: Bromborough, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, retrieved 11 May 2007 
  4. ^ 2001 Census: Bromborough (Ward), Office for National Statistics, retrieved 11 May 2007 
  5. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  6. ^ Birthplace of Englishness 'found', BBC News, 20 December 2004, retrieved 2 April 2008 
  7. ^ Ancient Cross in Bromborough, Megalithic Portal, retrieved 3 June 2007 
  8. ^ Bromborough Cross Village Centre, Geograph, retrieved 2 April 2008 
  9. ^ a b c Young, Derek & Marian, Pictures From The Past (Book 3), pp. 10–19 
  10. ^ Cheshire Magazine: The Mills of Wirral, C.C. Publishing, retrieved 2 April 2008 
  11. ^ Bromborough, Old Wirral, retrieved 21 June 2009 
  12. ^ "SRTM & Ordnance Survey Elevation Data in PHP". Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  13. ^ Bromborough Pool Village, E. Chambré Hardman Archive, retrieved 12 March 2006 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]