Brome—Missisquoi

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Brome—Missisquoi
Quebec electoral district
Brome-msq.PNG
Brome—Missisquoi in relation to other Eastern Townships ridings
Federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Lyne Bessette
Liberal
District created1924
First contested1925
Last contested2019
District webpageprofile, map
Demographics
Population (2016)[1]103,457
Electors (2015)84,274
Area (km²)[2]2,783.46
Pop. density (per km²)37.2
Census divisionsBrome-Missisquoi RCM, Memphrémagog RCM
Census subdivisionsBedford, Brigham, Bromont, Cowansville, Dunham, Farnham, Lac-Brome, Magog

Brome—Missisquoi (formerly known as Missisquoi) is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1925. The original electoral district of Missiquoi existed from 1867 to 1925.

Geography[edit]

This riding, in the south of the province, extends along the Canada–US border between Montreal and Sherbrooke, straddling the Quebec regions of Montérégie and Estrie. Its main towns are Cowansville, Magog, and Brome Lake.

The district includes the Regional County Municipality of Brome-Missisquoi, the municipalities of Saint-Sébastien, Henryville, Noyan, Saint-Georges-de-Clarenceville, Venise-en-Québec, Bromont, and the Regional County Municipality of Memphrémagog except Stanstead, Ayer's Cliff, North Hatley, Ogden, Sainte-Catherine-de-Hatley, Hatley and Stanstead Canton.

Its population in 2006 was 92,591 and the area is 3,045 km2.

The neighbouring ridings are Saint-Jean, Shefford, Richmond—Arthabaska, and Compton—Stanstead.

History[edit]

It was created in 1924 from parts of Brome, Iberville, Missisquoi and Saint-Jean ridings.

The electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed between Missisquoi and Saint-Jean ridings. In 1970, Missisquoi was renamed "Brome—Missisquoi".

In 1976, "Brome—Missisquoi" was abolished and became part of a new "Missisquoi riding", which was renamed "Brome—Missisquoi" in 1983.

The 2012 electoral redistribution saw this riding stay mostly the same, but it lost a small fraction of territory to Shefford.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Brome—Missisquoi
Riding created from Brome, Iberville, Missisquoi and Saint-Jean
15th  1925–1926     William Frederic Kay Liberal
16th  1926–1930
17th  1930–1935     Follin Horace Pickel Conservative
18th  1935–1940     Louis Gosselin Liberal
19th  1940–1945 Maurice Hallé
20th  1945–1949
21st  1949–1952 Henri Gosselin
 1952–1953 Joseph-Léon Deslières
22nd  1953–1957
23rd  1957–1958
24th  1958–1962     Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
25th  1962–1963
26th  1963–1965
27th  1965–1968
Missisquoi
28th  1968–1972     Yves Forest Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi
29th  1972–1974     Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
30th  1974–1979
Missisquoi
31st  1979–1980     Heward Grafftey Progressive Conservative
32nd  1980–1984     André Bachand Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi
33rd  1984–1988     Gabrielle Bertrand Progressive Conservative
34th  1988–1993
35th  1993–1994     Gaston Péloquin Bloc Québécois
 1995–1997     Denis Paradis Liberal
36th  1997–2000
37th  2000–2004
38th  2004–2006
39th  2006–2008     Christian Ouellet Bloc Québécois
40th  2008–2011
41st  2011–2015     Pierre Jacob New Democratic
42nd  2015–2019     Denis Paradis Liberal
43rd  2019–present Lyne Bessette

Election results[edit]

Brome—Missisquoi, 1984 - present[edit]

2019 Canadian federal election
** Preliminary results — Not yet official **
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Lyne Bessette 23,450 38.2
Bloc Québécois Monique Allard 21,152 34.4
Conservative Bruno Côté 7,697 12.5
New Democratic Sylvie Jetté 4,887 8.0
Green Normand Dallaire 3,302 5.4
People's François Poulin 456 0.7
Rhinoceros Steeve Cloutier 310 0.5
Veterans Coalition Lawrence Cotton 187 0.3
Total valid votes/Expense limit 61,441 100.0
Total rejected ballots 962
Turnout 62,403 70.1
Eligible voters 89,071
Source: Elections Canada[3][4]
2015 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Denis Paradis 25,744 43.88 +21.82 $77,834.79
New Democratic Catherine Lusson 14,383 24.51 -18.13 $45,044.04
Bloc Québécois Patrick Melchior 10,252 17.47 -3.79 $48,371.40
Conservative Charles Poulin 6,724 11.46 -0.45
Green Cindy Moynan 1,377 2.35 +0.22
Strength in Democracy Patrick Paine 195 0.33 $639.88
Total valid votes/Expense limit 58,675 98.8   $223,312.02
Total rejected ballots 716 1.2
Turnout 59,391 69.71
Eligible voters 85,201
Liberal gain from New Democratic Swing +19.98
Source: Elections Canada[5][6][7]
2011 federal election redistributed results[8]
Party Vote %
  New Democratic 22,404 42.64
  Liberal 11,588 22.06
  Bloc Québécois 11,171 21.26
  Conservative 6,256 11.91
  Green 1,120 2.13
2011 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Pierre Jacob 22,407 42.64 +33.59
Liberal Denis Paradis 11,589 22.06 -10.73
Bloc Québécois Christelle Bogosta 11,173 21.26 -13.95
Conservative Nolan LeBlanc-Bauerle 6,256 11.91 -6.75
Green Benoit Lambert 1,120 2.13 -1.45
Total valid votes/Expense limit 52,545 100.00
Total rejected ballots 588 1.05
Turnout 53,133 66.30
Eligible voters 80,137
New Democratic gain from Bloc Québécois Swing +23.77
2008 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Christian Ouellet 17,561 35.21 -3.13 $77,380
Liberal Denis Paradis 16,357 32.79 +4.82 $65,529
Conservative Mark Quinlan 9,309 18.66 -1.69 $78,614
New Democratic Christelle Bogosta 4,514 9.05 +5.85 $4,678
Green Pierre Brassard 1,784 3.58 +0.02
Independent David Marler 354 0.71 $16,915
Total valid votes/Expense limit 49,879 100.00 $83,303
Bloc Québécois hold Swing -3.98
2006 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Christian Ouellet 18,596 38.33 -1.33 $66,756
Liberal Denis Paradis 13,569 27.97 -14.12 $58,065
Conservative David Marler 9,874 20.35 +9.30 $70,771
New Democratic Josianne Jetté 2,839 5.85 +3.19 $1,497
Progressive Canadian Heward Grafftey 1,921 3.96 $69,065
Green Michel Champagne 1,721 3.55 -1.00 $2,460
Total valid votes/Expense limit 48,520 100.00 $76,646
Bloc Québécois gain from Liberal Swing +6.40
2004 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Denis Paradis 18,609 42.08 -8.18 $56,786
Bloc Québécois Christian Ouellet 17,537 39.66 +8.49 $29,221
Conservative Peter Stastny 4,888 11.05 -6.40 $20,193
Green Louise Martineau 2,011 4.55
New Democratic Piper Huggins 1,177 2.66 +1.54 $5
Total valid votes/Expense limit 44,222 100.00 $74,138
Liberal hold Swing -8.34

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

2000 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Denis Paradis 21,545 50.26 +7.89
Bloc Québécois André Leroux 13,363 31.17 +3.34
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 5,502 12.84 -15.25
Alliance Jacques Loyer 1,977 4.61
New Democratic Jeff Itcush 480 1.12 -0.60
Total valid votes 42,867 100.00
Liberal hold Swing +2.28
1997 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Denis Paradis 19,261 42.37 -8.66
Progressive Conservative Claude Boulard 12,770 28.09 +24.79
Bloc Québécois Noël Lacasse 12,652 27.83 -14.33
New Democratic Nicole Guillemet 781 1.72 +0.73
Total valid votes 45,464 100.00


Canadian federal by-election, 13 February 1995
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Péloquin's death, 1 September 1994
Liberal Denis Paradis 19,078 51.02 +14.18
Bloc Québécois Jean-François Bertrand 15,764 42.16 +1.58
Progressive Conservative Guy Lever 1,235 3.30 -13.87
Reform Line Maheux 517 1.38
New Democratic Paul Vachon 371 0.99 -0.26
Christian Heritage Jean Blaquière 126 0.34
Independent Yvon V. Boulanger 107 0.29
Green Eric Ferland 101 0.27
Natural Law Michel Champagne 77 0.21 -1.08
Abolitionist John H. Long 15 0.04 -1.62
Total valid votes 37,391 100.00
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Bloc Québécois Gaston Péloquin 17,894 40.58
Liberal Joan Kouri 16,243 36.84 +3.95
Progressive Conservative Francine Vincelette 7,571 17.17 -36.80
Abolitionist Jean Guy Peloquin 733 1.66
Natural Law Yves Décarie 566 1.28
New Democratic Sean Hutchinson 550 1.25 -11.90
Independent Gary Wightman 381 0.86
National Edmond Séguin 154 0.35
Total valid votes 44,092 100.00
1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Gabrielle Bertrand 22,540 53.97 +0.91
Liberal André Bachand 13,733 32.88 -5.53
New Democratic Paul Vachon 5,489 13.14 +7.58
Total valid votes 41,762 100.00
1984 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Gabrielle Bertrand 21,678 53.07 +12.20
Liberal André Bachand 15,693 38.42 -14.67
New Democratic Gordon J. Hamilton 2,271 5.56 +1.56
Parti nationaliste Yvon Bélair 997 2.44
Libertarian David Chamberlain 116 0.28
Commonwealth of Canada Michel Boissonnault 96 0.24
Total valid votes 40,851 100.00

Missisquoi, 1979 - 1984[edit]

1980 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal André Bachand 20,022 53.08 +9.83
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 15,413 40.86 -7.18
New Democratic Gertrude Lefebvre-Brown 1,508 4.00 +1.38
Rhinoceros Pierre Screwdriver Gingras 687 1.82
Marxist–Leninist Myriam Portatia 89 0.24
Total valid votes 37,719 100.00
1979 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 18,198 48.04 -3.57
Liberal Gisèle V. Noël 16,383 43.25 +7.49
Social Credit Rolland Cordeau 2,097 5.54 -3.99
New Democratic Gertrude Lefebvre-Brown 991 2.62 -0.49
Union populaire Marcel Forand 212 0.56
Total valid votes 37,881 100.00

Brome—Missisquoi, 1972 - 1979[edit]

1974 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 19,490 51.61 +10.13
Liberal C. Peter Turner 13,506 35.76 +3.40
Social Credit J.-Marc Duchesneau 3,597 9.52 -14.52
New Democratic Brian Peters 1,172 3.10 +0.99
Total valid votes 37,765 100.00
1972 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 15,593 41.48 +3.25
Liberal Yves Forest 12,165 32.36 -9.79
Social Credit Jean-Paul Lasnier 9,038 24.04 -14.19
New Democratic Jean-Guy Lewis 795 2.11 -14.88
Total valid votes 37,591 100.00

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

Missisquoi, 1968 - 1972[edit]

1968 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Yves Forest 12,905 42.15 +3.28
Progressive Conservative Heward W. Grafftey 11,705 38.23 -11.76
Ralliement créditiste Roméo Custeau 5,205 17.00 +11.23
New Democratic Willie Fortin 803 2.62 -2.75
Total valid votes 30,618 100.00

Brome—Missisquoi, 1925 - 1968[edit]

1965 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 9,662 49.99 +5.34
Liberal Jean-Louis Cardin 7,512 38.86 +1.15
Ralliement créditiste Hervé Lapointe 1,116 5.77 -7.33
New Democratic James Walker Dawson 1,039 5.38 +0.83
Total valid votes 19,329 100.00

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

1963 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 8,411 44.64 +2.81
Liberal Léo Duquette 7,105 37.71 -1.81
Social Credit Normand Ruel 2,468 13.10 -5.54
New Democratic Giles Bisson 856 4.54
Total valid votes 18,840 100.00
1962 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 8,074 41.83 -19.73
Liberal Marc Hudon 7,629 39.53 +1.09
Social Credit Normand Ruel 3,598 18.64
Total valid votes 19,301 100.00
1958 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Heward Grafftey 11,361 61.56 +13.38
Liberal Maurice Halle 7,093 38.44 -13.38
Total valid votes 18,454 100.00
1957 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph-Léon Deslières 9,255 51.82 -11.51
Progressive Conservative William Heward Grafftey 8,605 48.18 +19.42
Total valid votes 17,860 100.00
1953 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph-Léon Deslières 9,362 63.33 +7.55
Progressive Conservative Vincent de Lourdes Leonard 4,252 28.76 -11.20
Co-operative Commonwealth Philip Borgan 1,168 7.90 +3.65
Total valid votes 14,782 100.00
By-election on 26 May 1952

On Mr. Gosselin's death, 27 January 1952

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph-Léon Deslières 8,394 55.79 -0.19
Progressive Conservative Henri Demers 6,013 39.96 +0.25
Co-operative Commonwealth Philip Borgan 640 4.25
Total valid votes 15,047 100.00
1949 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Henri A. Gosselin 8,831 55.97 +5.04
Progressive Conservative Vincent de Lourdes Leonard 6,266 39.71 +12.70
Union des électeurs Georges-Aimé Chevalier 402 2.55
Co-operative Commonwealth Georges-M. St Amour 279 1.77 +0.17
Total valid votes 15,778 100.00
1945 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maurice Halle 7,860 50.93 -24.89
Progressive Conservative Floyd E. Johnson 4,169 27.02 +2.84
Bloc populaire Maurice Archambault 3,087 20.00
Co-operative Commonwealth William Henry Freder Jones 246 1.59
Unknown Edward Vivian de Lér Orr 70 0.45
Total valid votes 15,432 100.00

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

1940 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Maurice Halle 8,302 75.82 +22.55
National Government Daniel James Murphy 2,647 24.18 -22.55
Total valid votes 10,949 100.00

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

1935 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Louis Gosselin 8,007 53.27 +8.34
Conservative Follin Horace Pickel 7,024 46.73 -8.34
Total valid votes 15,031 100.00
1930 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Follin Horace Pickel 8,070 55.07 +9.34
Liberal William Frederic Kay 6,584 44.93 -9.34
Total valid votes 14,654 100.00
1926 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Frederic Kay 7,126 54.27 -2.43
Conservative Follin Horace Pickel 6,005 45.73 +2.43
Total valid votes 13,131 100.00
1925 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal William Frederic Kay 6,804 56.70
Conservative Follin Horace Pickel 5,196 43.30
Total valid votes 12,000 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "(Code 24010) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-07.
  • Campaign expense data from Elections Canada

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:

Notes[edit]