Brome Lake, Quebec

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Brome Lake

Lac-Brome
Brome Lake Town Hall
Brome Lake Town Hall
Coat of arms of Brome Lake
Coat of arms
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM.
Location within Brome-Missisquoi RCM.
Brome Lake is located in Southern Quebec
Brome Lake
Brome Lake
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°13′N 72°31′W / 45.217°N 72.517°W / 45.217; -72.517Coordinates: 45°13′N 72°31′W / 45.217°N 72.517°W / 45.217; -72.517[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionMontérégie
RCMBrome-Missisquoi
ConstitutedJanuary 2, 1971
Government
 • MayorRichard Burcombe
 • Federal ridingBrome—Missisquoi
 • Prov. ridingBrome-Missisquoi
Area
 • Total223.60 km2 (86.33 sq mi)
 • Land205.27 km2 (79.26 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[4]
 • Total5,609
 • Density27.3/km2 (71/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Decrease 0.4%
 • Dwellings
3,473
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)450 and 579
Highways Route 104
Route 139
Route 215
Route 243
Websitewww.ville.lac-brome.qc.ca

The Town of Brome Lake (officially Ville de Lac-Brome[2]) is a town in southern Quebec, Canada. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 5,609. Tourism is a major industry in the village of Knowlton because of skiing in the winter, lake activities in summer, and autumn leaf color.

History[edit]

The Old Court House and Registry Office of Brome County.

The village was founded in 1802 by United Empire Loyalists from the New England states and New York. Originally known as Coldbrook for the stream that runs through the centre of the village, in 1855 the village had become the county seat of Brome County, Quebec. In 1971, seven villages on Brome Lake, Bondville, East Hill, Foster, Fulford, Knowlton, Iron Hill and West Brome, were amalgamated into create the current town, now in the Brome-Missisquoi Regional County Municipality of the Montérégie administrative region.

Geography[edit]

The eponymous Brome Lake.

Metamorphic rock of Cambrian age—mostly schist and phyllite—underlies the area. Quaternary glaciation left deposits of stony loam till plus outwash sands and gravels. Brown podzolic and podzol soils are most common. Gleysols and peats occur in poorly drained areas.

The area's most significant soil is the Blandford series. This well-drained loam developed under deciduous forest. Settlers exploited this forest for wood, potash, and maple sugar. Cleared areas were found to be productive for crops and pasture. Much former farmland has reverted to forest and today provides a supply of hardwood lumber.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Canada census – Lac-Brome, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 5,609 (-0.4% from 2006) 5,629 (+3.4% from 2001)
Land area: 205.27 km2 (79.26 sq mi) 205.14 km2 (79.20 sq mi)
Population density: 27.3/km2 (71/sq mi) 27.4/km2 (71/sq mi)
Median age: 53.3 (M: 52.6, F: 54.0) 49.5 (M: 49.0, F: 50.1)
Total private dwellings: 3,473 3,275
Median household income: $53,881 $49,548
References: 2011[5] 2006[6] earlier[7]
Historical Census Data - Lac-Brome, Quebec[8]
YearPop.±%
1991 4,824—    
1996 5,073+5.2%
YearPop.±%
2001 5,444+7.3%
2006 5,629+3.4%
YearPop.±%
2011 5,609−0.4%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Lac-Brome, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
5,450
2,640 Increase 6.5% 48.44% 2,545 Decrease 1.2% 46.70% 65 Decrease 53.6% 1.19% 200 Decrease 18.4% 3.67%
2006
5,440
2,480 Increase 10.5% 45.59% 2,575 Decrease 10.4% 47.33% 140 Increase 180.0% 2.57% 245 Increase 104.2% 4.50%
2001
5,290
2,245 Increase 30.9% 42.44% 2,875 Decrease 3.4% 54.35% 50 Decrease 50.0% 0.94% 120 Decrease 31.4% 2.27%
1996
4,965
1,715 n/a 34.54% 2,975 n/a 59.92% 100 n/a 2.01% 175 n/a 3.52%

Education[edit]

Media[edit]

Brome Lake has one radio station serving its local area, the Knowlton-based CIDI-FM 99.1 MHz.

In film[edit]

In 1968, Paramount Studios chose Knowlton as the location to film the children's movie My Side of the Mountain (film), an adaptation of a book by Jean Craighead George.[1] Many scenes from the village were used as well as a man-made pond at the corner of Chemin Paramount and Chemin Paige near Mount Glen.

In 1975, Knowlton was also used as one of the sites for filming the Jodie Foster suspense film The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane.[9]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 72629 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b c Geographic code 46075 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ "Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: BROME--MISSISQUOI (Quebec)". Archived from the original on 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
  4. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Lac-Brome, Quebec
  5. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  9. ^ Pratley, Gerald (2003). A Century of Canadian Cinema: Gerald Pratley's Feature Film Guide, 1900 to the Present. Lynx Images. p. 127. ISBN 1894073215.

External links[edit]