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Bromelia karatas2.jpg
Bromelia karatas
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Bromelioideae
Genus: Bromelia
  • Karatas Mill.
  • Pinguin Adans.
  • Psedomelia Neck.
  • Agallostachys Beer
  • Distiacanthus Linden
  • Deinacanthon Mez

Bromelia is the type genus of the plant family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Bromelioideae. Bromelia species are widespread across much of Latin America and the West Indies,[1] and are characterized by flowers with a deeply cleft calyx. The genus is named after the Swedish medical doctor and botanist Olof Bromelius (1639-1705).

The type species is B. karatas.


Cultivation and uses[edit]

The resistant fiber obtained from B. serra and B. hieronymi, both known as chaguar, is an essential component of the economy of the Wichí tribe in the semi-arid Gran Chaco region of Argentina. An 1841 publication described the fiber of silk grass (Bromelia karata) as "equal in durability to our best bowstrings."[2]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk; Sir William Jardine; Andrew Crichton (1841). The Natural History of the Fishes of Guiana. W. H. Lizars. p. 102.

External links[edit]