Bromfield, Cumbria

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Bromfield
Bromfield, Cumbria
Main road near Bromfield.
Bromfield is located in Cumbria
Bromfield
Bromfield
Bromfield shown within Cumbria
Population 510 (2011)
OS grid reference NY3448
Civil parish
  • Bromfield
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wigton
Postcode district CA7 0
Dialling code 01697
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°48′36″N 3°17′06″W / 54.81°N 3.285°W / 54.81; -3.285Coordinates: 54°48′36″N 3°17′06″W / 54.81°N 3.285°W / 54.81; -3.285

Bromfield is a village and civil parish in the Allerdale district of Cumbria, England.

It is about five miles north-east of Aspatria. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 530, decreasing to 510 at the 2011 Census.[1] It has 2 farms, a church dedicated to St Mungo, and a pub. Bromfield is located in the north of England, Cumbria.

Toponymy[edit]

According to one source the origins of the name of Bromfield (Brounefeld) comes from the old English brun + feld, meaning 'brown open land, or open land where broom grows'.[2]

The manor[edit]

The old ecclesiastic parish of Bromfield, consisted of twelve villages or hamlets, Allonby, Westnewton, Mealrigg, Langrigg, Crookdake, Scales, Bromfield, Blencogo, Wheyrigg, Dundraw, Moor Row and Kelsick. But in accordance with the Local Government Act 1894, Allonby, Westnewton and Mealrigg became a joint independent parish, although the vicar of Bromfield retained the right to appoint the vicar; while Wheyrigg, Dundraw, Moor Row and Kelsick became part of the parish of Waverton. The locality is steeped in history, dating back to early times. The manor of the village itself was granted by the first Lord of Allerdale to Melbeth, his physician whose posterity took the name of De Brumfield. The family ceased to be Lords of the Manor somewhere around 1300.[3] In early mediaeval times the patronage of the church was reserved and granted to the St Mary's Abbey, York. In 1434 the Abbey leased these lands for a term of six years to William Osmotherley. Holme Cultram Abbey also possessed land here. Prior to the Dissolution of the Monasteries the monks were not only cultivating the land but also leasing it to tenant farmers. In 1543, following the suppression we find a William Hutton holding Bromfield for the king. Later Edward VI exchanged the manor with Henry Thompson for a hospital in Dover. Successive owners of the estate were the Porters of Weary Hall, and the families of Osmotherley and Barwise.[4]

The railway[edit]

The Maryport and Carlisle Railway intersects the southern portion of the parish. In 1859 a railway was laid through the village of Bromfield connecting the Maryport and Carlisle railway with the North British line from Silloth to Carlise. The subsequent station was opened on 8 August 1870 and was of great benefit to farmers who could move their livestock along the Solway Junction Railway to the auction Market in Annan, on a line passing through Bowness-on-Solway and across the now demolished viaduct over the Solway Firth.[5] Passenger services were finally withdrawn in 1921 and the line south of Annan over the Solway Viaduct was closed completely. The line remained open to through traffic until 14 February 1933; the track was lifted and sold as scrap in 1937.[6]

The school[edit]

In 1612, Richard Osmotherley, a merchant of London and native of the parish, bequeathed £10 a year, to be paid by the Merchant Taylors Company out of his estates in St. Botolph's parish, Aldergate, London, to the Clergymen and Churchwardens of Bromfield, in trust for the education of fifteen poor children belonging to Bromfield and Langrigg. According to the stipulation the occupants of Langrigg Hall chose the children. It is said that the inhabitants built the school shortly after this. In 1741 the Rev. Dr Thomlinson gave a dwelling house, with outbuildings. In 1757 the Thomlinson gave £100 with which two fields were purchased, one in Bromfield the other in Blencogo. The family also built two rooms for the use of the schoolmaster, who was also curate of the parish. In 1770 a sum of £80 was collected by voluntary subscription, which generated £3 20p in annual interest. In 1805 a Mr. Thomlinson of New Bern, North Carolina gave £1,400 to be equally divided between the schools of Bromfield, Wigton, Uldale and Thursby. During this time numerous masters taught the children to read, write and figure accounts, while several learned Latin. The Education Act of 1870 considerably modifies the constitution of the church and subsequent Acts brought it into line with other schools in the area.[7]

The church[edit]

St Mungo's Church, is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Solway, the archdeaconry of West Cumberland and the diocese of Carlisle.[8] The church has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[9] The church dates from the 12th century with additions and alterations during the next two centuries. Restorations were carried out in 1861–62, 1893–94 and 1926.[9]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Mills page 57
  3. ^ Bulmer pages 159–163
  4. ^ Hodgson pages 9–11
  5. ^ Hodgson page 10-11
  6. ^ Edgar and Sinton pages 49–58
  7. ^ Hodgson pages 26–27
  8. ^ Bromfield, St Mungo, Church of England, retrieved 24 March 2010 
  9. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St Mungo, Bromfield (1235049)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Rev. William Slater Calverley; W. G. Collingwood M.A. (1899). Early Sculptured Crosses, Shrines and Monuments in the Present Diocese of Carlisle. Kendal: Titus Wilson. 
  • A. D. Mills (1998). Oxford Dictionary of Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford. 
  • Sarah Hodgson (1960). A History of the Parish of Bromfield. Carlisle: Author. 
  • T. Bulmer (1901). History and Directory of Cumberland. Preston: T. Bulmer & Co. Hesperus Press Ltd. 
  • J. Rose; M. Dunglinson (1987). Aspatria. Chichester: Phillimore. 
  • Stuart Edgar; John M Sinton (1990). The Solway Junction Railway. Oxford: Oakwood Press. 

External links[edit]