Bromley and Chislehurst (UK Parliament constituency)
|Bromley and Chislehurst|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bromley and Chislehurst in Greater London.
|Population||88,633 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||65,508 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Bob Neill (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Ravensbourne, Chislehurst|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Aside from a few ex-council estates which retain significant proportions of social housing in parts of Mottingham and Bromley Common, this constituency is relatively prosperous in terms of income, has low unemployment and is largely suburban with significant parkland and sports areas. The 2011 census shows that the borough is 84.3% White European/British, lower than the national average (86%) and higher than then London average (59%). Until 2006 it was one of the Conservative Party's safest seats but the by-election of that year saw the party's electoral majority fall steeply from over 13,000 (in the 2005 election) to just over 600 votes (see below - "Election results").
The earlier Bromley, later Ravensbourne, seat was markedly prosperous in regional terms and did not elect Labour Party MPs during its 1918 to 1974 existence. One of the Ravensbourne wards, Plaistow and Sundridge, had a Communist Councillor in the 1940s. Prime Minister (1957-1963) Harold Macmillan was the MP for Bromley from 1945 until his retirement in 1964, when he was succeeded by John Hunt. Hunt, on the left of the Conservative party, held the seat (renamed Ravensbourne in 1974) until 1997.
A by-election was held on 29 June 2006, upon the death of the previous MP Eric Forth the month before, which returned London Assembly member Bob Neill as the new Conservative MP with an electoral majority of just over 600 votes - compared to the previous Conservative majority of over 13,000 in the 2005 general election. Turnout was down by a significant margin. In 2010 Bob Neill was re-elected with a Conservative majority greater than that achieved in 2005.
1997-2010: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Bickley, Bromley Common and Keston, Chislehurst, Hayes, Martins Hill and Town, Mottingham, and Plaistow and Sundridge.
2010–present: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Bickley, Bromley Town, Chislehurst, Cray Valley West, Mottingham and Chislehurst North, and Plaistow and Sundridge.
Bromley and Chislehurst constituency covers the northern part of the London Borough of Bromley including the east of Bromley, its town centre, and Chislehurst.
Members of Parliament
|1997||Eric Forth||Conservative||Previously MP for Mid Worcestershire from 1983; moved to this new seat due to major boundary changes in Worcestershire. Died 2006.|
|2006 by-election||Bob Neill||Conservative|
Elections in 2010s
|Labour||John Courtneidge ||9,779||22.2||+5.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Sam Webber||2,836||6.4||-15.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Sam Webber||9,669||22.0||+1.7|
|English Democrats||Jon Cheeseman||376||0.9||N/A|
Elections in 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Ben Abbotts||10,988||37.9||+17.6|
|National Front||Paul Winnett||476||1.6||N/A|
|English Democrats||Steven Uncles||212||0.7||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||John Cartwright||132||0.5||N/A|
|Money Reform||Anne Belsey||33||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Brooks||9,368||20.3||+1.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Geoff Payne||8,180||18.9||–4.8|
Elections in 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Booth||12,530||23.8||N/A|
|National Front||Michael Stoneman||369||0.7||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Before 1918 the area was part of the larger Sevenoaks constituency
- Outlying parts of predecessor constituencies joined Beckenham, Lewisham West and Penge and Orpington
- "Bromley and Chislehurst: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census
- Open Street Map
- Bromley and Chislehurst (UK polling report)
- "Bromley and Chislehurst 1997-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.bromley.gov.uk/downloads/file/2229/bromley_and_chislehurst_constituency_result_of_poll_may_2015 26Jul15
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- BNP to Fight 32 Parliamentary Seats in London
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- 2005 General election results (BBC)
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- *2001 election results (BBC)
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- *1997 election results (BBC)
- Cook, Chris and Ramsden, John. By-elections in British politics (Routledge, 2003)
- nomis Constituency Profile for Bromley and Chislehurst — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.