Bronx Terminal Market

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Bronx Terminal Market
Bronx mall 152 St jeh.jpg
Bronx Terminal Market
LocationThe Bronx, New York, United States
Coordinates40°49′13″N 73°55′49″W / 40.82037°N 73.930264°W / 40.82037; -73.930264Coordinates: 40°49′13″N 73°55′49″W / 40.82037°N 73.930264°W / 40.82037; -73.930264
Address610 Exterior Street
Opening dateMay 1, 1935 (original); September 12, 2009 (current)
DeveloperBTM Development Partners
ManagementThe Related Companies
OwnerThe Related Companies
ArchitectGreenbergFarrow Architect, Brennan Beer Gorman/Architects
No. of stores and services28 (21 open, 7 vaccant)
No. of anchor tenants10 (9 open, 1 vacant)
Total retail floor area913,000 square feet (84,800 m2)
No. of floors3 (North building), 4 (South building)
Parking6-story, 2,600 car parking garage
Websitebronxterminalmarket.com

Bronx Terminal Market, formerly known as Gateway Center at Bronx Terminal Market, is a shopping mall along the Major Deegan Expressway in Concourse, Bronx, New York. The center encompasses just under one million square feet of retail space built on a 17-acre (69,000 m2) site that formerly held a wholesale fruit and vegetable market (also named the Bronx Terminal Market) as well as the former Bronx House of Detention, south of Yankee Stadium.

The US$500 million shopping center, which was completed in 2009, saw the construction of new buildings and two smaller buildings, one new and the other a renovation of an existing building that was part of the original market. The two main buildings are linked by a six-level garage for 2,600 cars.[1] The center's design has earned a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver award.[2]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Bronx Terminal Market is just south of Yankee Stadium under the Major Deegan Expressway, on a wide road named Exterior Street. As early as 1914, Cyrus C. Miller, the former Bronx Borough President, had advocated the creation of a terminal market in New York City.[3] Construction on the market started, but not completed until Fiorello La Guardia took office as mayor. During his tenure, he enacted a program constructing various markets to provide a home for the city's numerous pushcart vendors. Between October 1, 1934, and May 1, 1935, the city built a new complex just south of the existing unfinished structure. Bronx Terminal Market consisted of small two-story concrete buildings of simple design. Designed by Samuel A. Oxhandler with John D. Churchill and Albert W. Lewis, the buildings were originally painted light yellow. In 1936, the market's flagship structure went up, a small, cubist-style polygon at 149th Street with "Bronx Terminal Market" in large relief in the concrete. This building was designed to serve as a bank and, upstairs, a hotel for farmers. A car float brought in rail cars by barge to the market.[4]

The renovated Prow Building, south end of the original Bronx Terminal Market

On December 21, 1935, La Guardia appeared at the market to proclaim a citywide ban on the sale, display, and possession of artichokes. The ban was instituted to combat the inflation of artichokes set by mobsters, namely Ciro Terranova. The ban was lifted within a year.[5][6]

The market eventually grew to become the nation's largest wholesale market for Hispanic foods. The market went into steady decline and became a financial burden for the City in the late 1960s. When City began demolishing the market, however, Bronx Terminal Market Merchants Association approached developer David Buntzman for help to save it. Buntzman obtained a 99-year lease to the market in 1972 and operated it until 2004. In the market's heyday, it contained nearly 100 tenants and more than 1,000 employees. After a series of protracted legal battles with the City, Buntzman sold his interest to the Related Companies for $42.5 million in 2004.[7]

As a mall[edit]

The former Bronx House of Detention

The nearby 350-cell Bronx County Jail, designed by Joseph Freedlander was built as a Works Progress Administration project and opened in 1937. Later known as the Bronx House of Detention, it was known for its elaborate art deco architectural details. It closed in 2000 and was later acquired by the Related Companies, who demolished it to make way for the new Bronx Terminal Market; some architectural details of the building were saved.[8]

On August 14, 2006, construction began on Bronx Terminal Market, then known as Gateway Center at Bronx Terminal Market, which demolished all buildings on the acquired properties with the exception of the Prow Building, a 20,500-square-foot (1,900 m2) building at the corner of East 149th Street, Exterior Street, and River Avenue. The center was approved after a Community Benefits Agreement was signed. The Home Depot was the first tenant/anchor to move in on April 23, 2009,[7] the second tenant (and anchor) was BJ's which opened on August 1,[1] and then the rest of the mall opened on September 12. The original tenants at the mall included several restaurants, a Chase bank, many stores taking up the third floor, and more anchor stores including Bed Bath & Beyond (its first and only store in the Bronx), Best Buy, BJ's, Marshalls, Raymour & Flanigan, Toys "R" Us (the first "R" Superstore in New York), Staples, and Target.[1]

In September 2012, Staples announced that it would close 30 stores in the United States, including the Bronx Terminal Market location. It closed a year later.[9]

A StubHub location, at the Bronx Terminal Market, opened in July 2013 following a lawsuit that prevented them from opening a location near the Yankee Stadium due to the state's anti-scalping law.[10]

Toys "R" Us closed as a part of the chain's liquidation in June 2018.[11]

In October 2018, it was announced that Food Bazaar was moving into the former Toys "R" Us at the Bronx Terminal Market. It was originally scheduled to open in Spring 2019,[12] but instead opened in January 2020. It is the largest supermarket in the Bronx.[13]

In December 2019, a new universal hip hop museum, the Revolution of Hip Hop, opened at the Bronx Terminal Market.[14]

In January 2020, it was announced that Bed Bath & Beyond at the Bronx Terminal Market would be closing at the end of March 2020.[15]

Anchors[edit]

Former power house in nearby Mill Pond Park

Current[edit]

North building[edit]

South building[edit]

Former[edit]

North Building[edit]

  • Staples (16,000 sq ft (1,500 m2)), closed in 2013.[9] Replaced by Dollar Discount in June 2015.[16]
  • Rainbow (74,329 sq ft (6,905.4 m2), closed and replaced by Burlington in 2012.[17]

South Building[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Bronx Terminal Market is close to the New York City Subway's 149th Street–Grand Concourse station, served by the 2​, 4​, and 5 trains, and to the 161st Street–Yankee Stadium station, served by the 4​, B, and ​D trains. The 145th Street station, served by the 3 train, is located in Manhattan just across the Harlem River.[18] It is very close to the Metro-North Railroad's Yankees–East 153rd Street station, served by the Hudson Line. The Bx1, Bx2, Bx6, Bx6 SBS, Bx13 and Bx19 buses also stop nearby.[19] The center is also accessible by car via exits 4, 5, and 6 on the Major Deegan Expressway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Levere, Jane L. (September 1, 2009). "Retailers Take a Chance on a Mall in the Bronx". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  2. ^ "Chains of Silver: Gateway Center At Bronx Terminal Market Earns LEED Silver Bona Fides". Green Buildings NYC. June 22, 2010. Archived from the original on October 4, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
  3. ^ "Terminal Markets Help Farm Values; Cyrus C. Miller Tells Realty Men How Producer and Consumer Will Be Benefited". The New York Times. October 18, 1914. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  4. ^ Gray, Christopher (May 8, 1994). "Streetscapes/Bronx Terminal Market; Trying to Duplicate the Little Flower's Success". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  5. ^ "Mayor Puts a Ban on Artichoke Sale to Curb Rackets; With Trumpet Fanfare at Dawn in Bronx He Proclaims an Emergency in City Markets". The New York Times. December 22, 1935. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  6. ^ Mary Beth Kilkelly. "Behold the Baby Artichoke, or, Power to the Punies." June 8, 2017. NYC Dept of Records https://www.archives.nyc/blog/2017/6/8/behold-the-baby-artichoke-or-power-to-the-punies
  7. ^ a b "Gateway Center at Bronx Terminal Market". Plan NYC. September 29, 2009. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
  8. ^ Bleyer, Jennifer (January 28, 2007). "A Jail Break, but Not to Fear". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  9. ^ a b Smith, Aaron (September 25, 2012). "Staples to close 30 stores". CNNMoney. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  10. ^ "Yankees Could Take Over StubHub Site Near the Stadium". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on November 18, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Toys R Us Posts Touching Final Message on Last Day of Business: 'Play On!'". Inside Edition. June 29, 2018. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  12. ^ "Food Bazaar expected to open at Bronx Terminal Market in 2019". bronx.news12.com. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  13. ^ a b "The Largest Supermarket in the Bronx is Now Open". www.ny1.com. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  14. ^ "Team behind Universal Hip Hop Museum opens exhibit at Bronx Terminal Market". bronx.news12.com. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  15. ^ a b Peterson, Hayley. "Bed Bath & Beyond is closing stores in at least 8 states. See if your local store is on the list". Business Insider. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  16. ^ "Bronx Terminal Market". www.facebook.com. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  17. ^ "Burlington Coat Factory to open 74,000 s/f store at Related Cos. Gateway Center at Bronx Terminal Market". nyrej.com. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  18. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  19. ^ "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2020.

External links[edit]