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Bronze Age Pervert

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Bronze Age Pervert
Born
Costin Vlad Alamariu

(1980-05-21) 21 May 1980 (age 44)
EducationMassachusetts Institute of Technology (BS)

Columbia University (MA)

Yale University (PhD)
Years active2013–present
Known for
  • Writing Bronze Age Mindset (2018)
  • Activity on X
  • Hosting the Caribbean Rhythms podcast
  • Writing Selective Breeding and the Birth of Philosophy (2023)

Bronze Age Pervert, also known as BAP or B.A.P.,[1] is a pseudonymous far-right Internet personality, associated with the manosphere. The media have identified Costin Vlad Alamariu[2] (born May 21, 1980),[3] a Jewish and Romanian-American, as the person behind the pseudonym.[4][5]

In his writings on X, his podcast Caribbean Rhythms with Bronze Age Pervert and in his 2018 book Bronze Age Mindset, BAP advances reactionary ideas influenced by Nietzschean philosophy, promoting what he considers the heroic ideals of classical antiquity and denouncing modern society as decadent. He has a dedicated cult following in Western right-wing political circles.

Identity[edit]

In 2023, Politico identified the writer Costin Alamariu as the person behind the pseudonym, making reference to other articles and podcasts that had previously identified him.[4] According to Politico, neither Alamariu nor BAP responded to requests for comment, and Alamariu did not deny being BAP when the association was previously made.[4] Graeme Wood of The Atlantic has also identified him, claiming he has known Alamariu for many years.[5]

Alamariu was born in Romania in 1980 and immigrated to the U.S. with his family at the age of 10.[4] He attended Newton South High School near Boston, majored in mathematics at MIT, and studied philosophy as a graduate student at Columbia University.[4] He graduated with a Ph.D. in political science at Yale, with a 2015 dissertation titled "The Problem of Tyranny and Philosophy in the Thought of Plato and Nietzsche".[4] At the universities he attended, he was active in criticizing the perceived left-wing bias of academia.[4]

Alamariu is of Romanian and Jewish descent, and was baptized as an infant in the Romanian Orthodox Church.[6]

Work[edit]

X (formerly Twitter)[edit]

BAP is an active Twitter user but has posted under multiple handles, and on multiple sites. The earliest identified posts by the "Bronze Age Pervert" persona appeared on now-defunct web forums in 2010.[4] The Twitter account @bronzeageperv then joined Twitter in November 2013[7] and developed links to Curtis Yarvin[8] before the account was banned in February 2017.[9] BAP joined Twitter again in March 2017 under the handle @bronzeagemantis.[10][4] On August 4, 2021, Twitter suspended BAP again.[11] As a result, BAP switched to using Telegram[12] until he was later reinstated on Twitter. His old account was also unbanned.[13] After the reinstatement of his account by Elon Musk, BAP's Twitter following continued to grow and "restored structure to a movement that commonly refers to itself as the 'authentic' right-wing Twitter."[14] A separate account with the handle @costin_eats is used by Costin Alamariu when not writing under the 'BAP' pseudonym.[15]

BAP's original Twitter biography stated: "Steppe barbarian. Nationalist, Fascist, Nudist Bodybuilder! Purification of world. Revolt of the damned. Destruction of the cities!"[7]

On Twitter, BAP used a multi-layered style, including post-ironic far-right memes alongside inspirational images of bodybuilders.[16] The banner above the BAP''s Twitter profile was a close up photo of Cellini's Perseus with the Head of Medusa and his Twitter bio was "Aspiring Nudist Bodybuilder. Free speech and anti-xenoestrogen activist."[17][10]

The account is part of Frogtwitter, a group of pseudonymous online writers with a highly negative view of contemporary American society.[18][19][20][21] This group mythologizes an aristocratic past while engaging in racism and antisemitism, often through memes laden with heavy irony.[19] BAP frequently condemns alt-right leadership figures, such as Richard Spencer.[22]

A number of right of center politicians have been criticized for following or interacting with BAP on Twitter, including former White House speechwriter Darren Beattie,[23] Minnesota State Senator Roger Chamberlain,[24] and US Senate candidate Lauren Witzke.[25] In February 2017, Curtis Yarvin sarcastically claimed to The Atlantic that Bronze Age Pervert was his White House "cutout / cell leader".[26][27] In addition to right wing politicians, the broad group of political influencers, bloggers, and podcasters known as "anti-woke leftists" or "dirtbag leftists" have received criticism in the press for discussing and engaging with BAP and the broader far right on Twitter, most notably Anna Khachiyan of the Red Scare podcast.[28]

Josh Vandiver of Ball State University observed that Bronze Age Pervert's "cult" following seems to be global in nature with images appearing on social media of "readers holding the book aloft before beaches and mountains across the world".[29] Bronze Age Pervert's followers often imitate elements of his Twitter account, his writing style, and repeat catchphrases such as "SUBMIT!" and "ghey". Vandiver uses the example of the last term to explain "[w]hen accused of being 'ghey,' [BAP's] preferred spelling of 'gay' – one of many insider code words, partly necessitated by social media censors – BAP accuses his accusers of being themselves hopelessly effete, often by way of comparison to imagined forefathers from a more virile, 'bronze' age".[29] Additionally, Bronze Age Pervert's Twitter followers will "post images of their own physiques, sometimes under the hashtag '#frogtwitter,' seeking BAP's approval and coveted retweet"[29][30] as well as self-publish their own 'BAPish' books, memes and writings that BAP will generously crosspromote via retweets.[31][30] By 2023 Vandiver notes that "[d]espite multiple instances of deplatforming from social media, BAP’s following is now large and we can identify 'BAPism' as a masculinist subculture" and that BAP's influence and essays can be found in and on multiple (web)zines where "masculinist identitarians move feverishly between high theory and jocular memetics, metapolitical musings and geopolitical ambitions."[32]

Bronze Age Mindset[edit]

Bronze Age Mindset
AuthorBronze Age Pervert
Cover artistOwen Cyclops
LanguageEnglish
SubjectPhilosophy, identity politics, masculinity
PublisherIndependently published
Publication date
June 6, 2018
Pages198
ISBN978-1983090448

Bronze Age Pervert self-published the book Bronze Age Mindset via Amazon in June 2018.[33] The 77-chapter "exhortation" is written with intentionally poor grammar, mixing Nietzschean philosophy with criticisms of modern society.[19]

The book centers on BAP's ideal vision, the eponymous "Bronze Age Mindset",[34] which he defines as "the secret desire…to be worshiped as a god!"[31] and which he calls a state "of complete power and freedom".[34] The book's main theme argues against the concept of human equality.[31] BAP discusses classical figures, including Alcibiades, Periander of Corinth, and the heroes of the Homeric epics.[35][17] In particular, BAP argues that the historical figures of the pirate and soldier of fortune are heroic ideals and asserts that classical education is wasted on both (social) liberals and conventional conservatives.[35] Although BAP does not provide sources, notes or formal references in the book, he mentions Nietzsche, Schopenhauer and pre-Socratic thinkers like Heraclitus very frequently.[31]

Reception[edit]

The New Republic describes the book as "rambling", "dizzying", displaying "prose ... artfully penned" but "arguments ... fractured and incoherent".[16] The Economist echoes the "rambling" classifier.[36] Elisabeth Zerofsky in the New York Times calls the book "a pseudo Nietzschean critique of modernity" written "in a style that mixe[s] a kind of faux-caveman brutishness and message-board pidgin with classical references".[37] Book reviewer Inga-Lina Lindqvist of Swedish Aftonbladet cautions readers that despite the often impenetrable fever-dream style, "to simply dismiss BAP as yet another internet maniac who read Nietzsche and misunderstood Homer's humanistic intentions does not fly. He's too educated, too funny and too influential for that."[35] BAP's thinking is marked by deep anti-egalitarianism.[31][38] Andrew Marzoni in Aeon Magazine is less impressed and calls the book "Nietzschean pastiche", "a tedious commentary on classical philosophy", an unoriginal, basic paleoconservative call to action after "100 pages of manipulating Empedocles and Heraclitus into refutations of evolutionary biology, civilizational progress, the liberation of women and LGBTQ groups, and the contemporary effeminisation of men (much of which omits definite articles in mock imitation of a caveman)".[39] Nathan Robinson of Current Affairs magazine writes that BAP in Bronze Age Mindset does not attempt to make (any) logical arguments, hides behind a mask of irony and compares the book to Hitler's Mein Kampf multiple times, finally concluding that "(...) all of this ultimately does restate Mein Kampf, albeit with fewer (not zero) references to Jews and the absence of a particular narrative about avenging Germany’s national humiliation at Versailles."[40]

In 2019, conservative essayist Michael Anton reviewed Bronze Age Mindset for the Claremont Review of Books.[31][18][21] Anton claims that the book's provocativeness makes it successful and popular among right wing youths.[41] Bronze Age Mindset was first given to Anton by Curtis Yarvin, creator of the neoreactionary movement,[42] and Darren Beattie encouraged Anton to read it.[31][19] The Straussian Claremont Institute subsequently published a symposium on the review in their online publication The American Mind,[18] including a response essay from BAP in which he compared "the anti-male and anti-white rhetoric of the new left" to anti-Tutsi propaganda before the Rwandan genocide.[43][44]

Tara Isabella Burton in her discussion of Bronze Age Mindset in her own book Strange Rites highlights BAP's tirades against the "bugman",[45] a concept of a human analogous to Nietzsche's and Kojève's idea of the wretched "last man". According to Burton, BAP spends most of Bronze Age Mindset deriding progressive men of the twenty-first century, whom she describes as beta males denuded of their strength by modernity.[45]

Bronze Age Mindset gained a cult following in right-wing circles,[36] including staffers of the Trump White House and on Capitol Hill, according to anonymous sources described by Politico and Huffington Post.[19][30] National Review writer Nate Hochman claims that many of his peers who read the book and Anton's review of it ended up interning at the Claremont Institute, and asks, "Why did every junior staffer in the Trump administration read 'Bronze Age Mindset?' There was something there that was clearly attractive to young conservative elites."[37] In the summer of 2018 it was among the top 150 books sold on Amazon sitewide, which is notable according to Anton and Dan DeCarlo since it was achieved without the aid of a publicist or book deal.[31][21] In October 2019, it was still ranked third in Ancient Greek History and #174 in Humour on the Amazon best-seller list.[16][21]

Caribbean Rhythms with Bronze Age Pervert[edit]

In August 2019, BAP began a political commentary/history podcast called Caribbean Rhythms with Bronze Age Pervert.[1] According to the conservative National Review, the podcast uses a narrative style that highlights the great man theory.[46]

Selective Breeding and the Birth of Philosophy[edit]

Selective Breeding and the Birth of Philosophy
AuthorCostin Vlad Alamariu
LanguageEnglish
SubjectPhilosophy, Ancient Greece, political philosophy
PublisherIndependently published
Publication date
September 15, 2023
Pages368
ISBN979-8861502672

In September 2023, BAP, under his identity Costin Alamariu, published a book titled Selective Breeding and the Birth of Philosophy.[47][48] The book is a re-release of Alamariu's 2015 doctoral dissertation, originally titled "The Problem of Tyranny and Philosophy in the Thought of Plato and Nietzsche," with the addition of an introduction section.[2] In the book Alamariu makes a case for eugenics.[49] Upon launch it briefly cracked Amazon's top 25 bestsellers.[48]

Reception[edit]

Economist Tyler Cowen wrote some brief comments on the book on his blog Marginal Revolution and questions the premise of Alamariu's book that the sexual marketplace is indeed "the pinnacle of every other market" noting that people spend a lot of time not having sex.[50] Further he notes that socialization and not purely breeding plays an important role in how next generations are constituted.[50] Cowen remarks that the book still very much reads like a dissertation.[50]

Criticism[edit]

While BAP complains that society has become "something approaching [a] mass concentration camp," journalist Graeme Wood notes that BAP's classmates, many of whom were also fascinated by Nietzsche, have not been spiritually and socially crushed by the concentration camp's matriarchy and "bug men" but instead have gone on to success, holding "good jobs", and being married with families.[5] Wood also comments on BAP's tendency towards homophobia (use of "fag" and "facefag" as insults), while at the same time glorifying bodybuilding, posting of "images of half-naked white hunks in the flower of youth," and sending photos of himself shirtless to friends—practices frequently associated with sexual attraction to the same sex.[5] Bryan Garsten points out that Greek heroes were not all focused on male beauty and bonding, or warfare and conquest of inferiors. Odysseus’s "greatness emerged not from his rejection of this world ... He owed myriad debts to those around him: to his men, to his son, to his wife."[5] He also questions the virtue of aristocratic tyranny. "Life in a liberal democracy is full of demanding moments ... As far as I have read, life under tyrants is full of lassitude, selfishness, duplicity, betrayal."[5] William A. Gaston (a political theorist, former Marine, and Brookings Institution scholar) asks how the allegedly weak and flabby liberalism of the United States and its allies were able to defeat the virile fascism of Germany and Japan in World War II.[5]

Political philosopher John Gray dismisses BAP's philosophy as juvenile, adolescent and ultimately merely a flash in the pan.[51] Writing in The New Statesman that "BAP’s image of male predation, rapine and pillage is the fantasy of an aspiring teenage gang member in a disintegrating modern city" and "[h]is adolescent philosophy will soon be forgotten."[51]

Political science professor C. Bradley Thompson has criticized BAP's illiberal, anti-equality, anti-American, anti-rationalist stances and considers Bronze Age Pervert and his writings to be more or less fascist in nature.[52][53] Other (Christian) right-wing critiques, like those of Dan DeCarlo, tend to focus on the "empty aesthetics" of the youthful "BAPist" movement and it being "a deeper recrudescence of paganism"[21][a], Evan Myers also points out that the brand of 'vitalism' that BAP promotes is a neopagan and illiberal ideology.[55] Jesse Russell notes that fundamentally, the right wing critique of "BAPism" differs little from the critique by the conventional right of the alt-right movement during Donald Trump's unlikely 2016 presidential campaign.[38] BAP is part of a cohort of right-wing intellectuals radicalizing the American conservative movement and the Republican Party according to Damon Linker in The New York Times.[56] Political scientist Matt McManus writes that "BAP is not really a conservative or even a reactionary. In fact, he despises conservatives almost as much as he detests the Left" and argues that BAP's adherence to Nietzsche's "aristocratic radicalism" makes him better understood "as a kind of ultra-fascist of the Julius Evola stripe: someone for whom classical fascism is too democratic, too populist, and too vulgar."[57] An old Yale classmate claims that BAP aspired to become a sort of 'Slavoj Žižek of the Right', meaning a respected and influential intellectual but with a distinct popular appeal.[58]

Left-wing and liberal critics of BAP have identified him as part of the manosphere as an (ultra)masculinist[29][59][60] and as part of a wider atavistic trend on the post-liberal populist right wing.[22][45] Additionally, liberal classics scholars and commentators accuse BAP (and others like him) of misusing, misinterpreting and misappropriating the Classics for their political agendas.[61][62][17] BAP has also been identified as a key influencer in an emergent online movement mainstreaming a novel type of right-wing (racial) “gastropolitics”.[63][64][65]

Vassar College's Pharos project, whose mission is "to document appropriations of Greco-Roman culture by hate groups online",[62] accuses BAP of providing the "traditionalist right wing" with a tailormade "mythic" narrative that depends "on a toxic blend of misogyny and white supremacy, with the ancient world as its archetype and source of prestige."[17]

Academic Josh Vandiver writes that the broader alt-right and the manosphere, both of which he considers BAP to be a prominent member,[59] "is unique, and a product of its time, in making masculinity an overt discursive subject and a core (if contested) concept in its ideology, a type of masculinism" which should be understood as "reactions to the perceived triumph of feminist and LGBTQ politics", and thus were critical to the creation of the alt-right.[29][59] Within that so-called manosphere, masculinity in its various forms is explicitly named and its relation to politics, culture, society, sex, and sexuality is vigorously debated. He also notes that BAP, as well as other alt-right platforms, have revived the idea of the Männerbund, which Vandiver describes as "the intensive grouping of male warriors and initiates understood to have dominated pre-Christian Indo-European societies, especially Germanic ones."[29] Vandiver concludes by cautioning that BAP and the rest of the manosphere "will continue to take the [far right] movement into unusual and uncharted territory".[29]

Researchers Joshua Molloy and Eviane Leidig of the Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) have identified BAP as a key figure in an emerging right wing raw food movement.[63] According to BAP, as a self-described 'anti-xenoestrogen activist', the modern food industry is "full of harmful chemicals" that “slowly destroy your essence”.[63] In particular BAP and other (far) right food influencers are very paranoid about the supposed pollution of the food supply with seed oils, PUFAs and soy products, the latter of "which are said to increase men’s estrogen levels and decrease testosterone (although scientific studies reportedly dispute this)."[63] Central to the far right's paranoia over soy are “fears of internal weakness, and a distrust of the food supply and the rest of the modern world” according to journalist Will Sommer.[63] To counter these supposed dietary ills BAP and others promote raw food diets which tend to be heavy on (raw) meat and dairy consumption.[63][65][64] Molloy and Leidig note that anti-modern ideas concerning food and diet are not exactly new, mass consumption of raw meat and dairy are linked to the work of alternative nutritionist Aajonus Vonderplanitz, while 'anti-xenoestrogen activism' also precedes adoption by far-right activists as it was first championed by alternative nutritionist Ray Peat, whose works are often cited and shared by BAP.[63] According to Molloy and Leidig the further mainstreaming of a "right-wing racial gastropolitics" when linked with further conspiracy theories about "post-Covid food supply sabotage by globalist elites" may "present the potential for violent consequences"[64] and offers the far right further possibilities for radicalisation and retention for broader appeal.[63]

Tara Isabella Burton categorizes the "BAPist" phenomenon as fundamentally an atavist, backward-looking one.[22][45][27][66] According to Burton, "at once a conscious rejection of intuitionalist values and, in many ways, their natural heir, modern atavism promotes a nostalgic, masculinist vision of animal humanity." It is the nostalgic focus on an idealized notion of the past because "once upon a time, this narrative goes, in a vanished age of gods and heroes, men were men and women were women. Human beings acted in accordance with their biological destiny. Men fought wars. Women had babies."[45] However, in each case, humanity has supposedly fallen away from its inherent nature and intended purpose. Burton argues further that atavism is not a new phenomenon at all: "from Friedrich Nietzsche onward, modern reactionary culture has fetishized the imagined past and condemned (...) 'sclerotic' (to use BAP's word) civilizations of the present."[45] In her book Strange Rites, Burton explains that according to atavists, "real freedom" lies in submission to (biological) hierarchies, nature, strongmen and Nietzschean supermen worth submitting to. Burton adds: "as Bronze Age Pervert is fond of saying: 'SUBMIT!'".[45]

The conclusion of Burton's discussion of the "BAPist" phenomenon is that it is more akin to a religious cult than a traditional political community as observed in the 20th century.[45][22][66] Vandiver concurs with this sentiment and posits that "if a religion emerges from the Alt-Right, BAP may prove, in retrospect, to have been one of its founders."[29] Thompson is also keen to point out that "BAP devotees treat him as prophet just as the natives first treated Kurtz in The Heart of Darkness" and that his following includes "the most unlikely of groups, namely, graduate students and junior faculty trained in political philosophy, particularly those from the so-called Straussian school of thought."[52]

Since October 2023, a micro-community of far-right Jews espousing views such as Kahanism while mimicking Bronze Age Pervert's imagery has emerged among social media users. Dubbing them "Bronze Age Zionists", Ben Lorber points out that they frequently find themselves spurned by other segments of the dissident right for being Jewish, leaving them "in an awkward position".

Ben Lorber further states:[67]

“[Israel is a] state founded for the sake of racial survival,” Bronze Age Pervert wrote approvingly in 2019. “Its spiritual foundation and reason for existence is national socialist through and through.” He also wrote, however, that “in principle, Western nationalists should be indifferent maybe to Israel… It hardly matters to me if Israelis are ‘based nationalists’ in their own country (they are not). Their cousins in the West…are possibly the most effective anti-nationalist faction of any, phenomenally aggressive and very well organized.” Jews on the dissident Right, in his view, [...] should focus on countering liberal Jewish influence in the West, rather than rallying other Rightists to support Israeli ethnonationalism.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ BAP adheres to a type of neopaganism he describes as "an innate sensation, a natural animism".[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Power, Nina (March 7, 2020). "Oracles, perverts and the Dirtbag Left". The Spectator Australia.
  2. ^ a b "Dissertation: The Problem of Tyranny and Philosophy in the Thought of Plato and Nietzsche". Ebin. May 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2023.
  3. ^ "Journalists at major American publications seem interested in me, an obscure reader of Plato. Gratuitously they claim things about my background. Here is my DNA. Both haplos are unusual but ydna is odd. Also here is my baptismal certificate. Hope this clears up any confusion". X. September 12, 2023. Retrieved September 15, 2023.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gray, Rosie (July 16, 2023). "How Bronze Age Pervert Built an Online Following and Injected Anti-Democracy, Pro-Men Ideas into the GOP". Politico. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Wood, Graeme (September 2023). "How Bronze Age Pervert Charmed the Far Right". The Atlantic. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  6. ^ Alamariu, Costin. "Journalists at major American publications seem interested in me, an obscure reader of Plato. Gratuitously they claim things about my background. Here is my DNA. Both haplos are unusual but ydna is odd. Also here is my baptismal certificate. Hope this clears up any confusion!". X (formerly Twitter). Retrieved September 16, 2023.
  7. ^ a b "Bronze Age Pervert (@BronzeAgePerv) | Twitter". January 16, 2017. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  8. ^ Gray, Rosie (February 10, 2017). "The Anti-Democracy Movement Influencing the Right". The Atlantic. Retrieved December 30, 2022.
  9. ^ Vandiver 2021, p. 244.
  10. ^ a b "Bronze Age Pervert (@bronzeagemantis) | Twitter". August 8, 2017. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  11. ^ "What Happened: August 11, 2021". Tablet Magazine. August 11, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  12. ^ Lendrum, Eric (August 6, 2021). "Twitter Bans Acclaimed Author and Commentator Known as 'Bronze Age Pervert' › American Greatness". American Greatness. Archived from the original on August 8, 2021. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  13. ^ @saveusculture (December 6, 2022). "Not only did they unban BAP @bronzeagemantis, they also seem to have unbanned his original account @bronzeageperv" (Tweet). Retrieved December 30, 2022 – via Twitter.
  14. ^ Rodriguez-Louette, Sarah; Frau-Meigs, Divina; Conversation, The. "From Twitter to X: One year on, are white supremacists back?". phys.org. Retrieved January 31, 2024.
  15. ^ Breland, Ali (October 2, 2023). "Is the Bronze Age Pervert going mainstream?". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on November 29, 2023. Retrieved November 29, 2023.
  16. ^ a b c Allen, Ian (October 1, 2019). "The Far Right's Apocalyptic Literary Canon". The New Republic.
  17. ^ a b c d "Bronze Age Greeks Inspire Violent White Masculinity". Pharos. August 13, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2023.
  18. ^ a b c MacDougald, Park (February 5, 2020). "The New American Millennial Right". Tablet magazine.
  19. ^ a b c d e Schreckinger, Ben (August 23, 2019). "The alt-right manifesto that has Trumpworld talking". Politico.
  20. ^ Burton, Tara Isabella (July 16, 2019). "Rise of the Titans: Fascism, Christianity, and the Seduction of the Brutal". Mere Orthodoxy. Archived from the original on January 1, 2020. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
  21. ^ a b c d e DeCarlo, Dan (October 23, 2019). "An Epic Pervert". The American Mind. Archived from the original on October 26, 2019. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
  22. ^ a b c d Burton, Tara Isabella (June 1, 2018). "The religious hunger that drives Jordan Peterson's fandom". Vox.
  23. ^ "Republicans Embrace Fascist and Antisemitic "Alt-Right" Manifesto, Bronze Age Mindset". Bend the Arc: Jewish Action. September 11, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2023.
  24. ^ Carroll, Logan (August 24, 2020). "A fascist manifesto is gaining fans on the right, including state Sen. Roger Chamberlain". Minnesota Reformer.
  25. ^ Neiwert, David (September 16, 2020). "Delaware GOP nominates QAnon cultist with white nationalist ties for seat in U.S. Senate". Daily Kos.
  26. ^ Gray, Rosie (February 10, 2017). "Behind the Internet's Anti-Democracy Movement". The Atlantic.
  27. ^ a b Burton, Tara Isabella (July 30, 2019). "The Neo-Paganism of Jordan Peterson". The American Interest. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  28. ^ Ross, Alexander Reid (March 8, 2021). "These 'Dirtbag Left' Stars Are Flirting With the Far Right". The Daily Beast. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h Vandiver, Josh (2018). "The Radical Roots of the Alt-Right". Cengage Learning (EMEA) Ltd. pp. 6–7.
  30. ^ a b c Mathias, Christopher (May 26, 2021). "An Elementary School Teacher's Secret Life As A White Nationalist Writer". HuffPost. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h Anton, Michael. "Are the Kids Al(t)right?". Claremont Review of Books (Summer 2019). Retrieved August 7, 2023.
  32. ^ Vandiver, Josh (2023), "Masculinist Identitarians, Strategic Culture, and Eurocene Geopolitics", Global Identitarianism, Routledge, pp. 175–196, doi:10.4324/9781003197607-15, ISBN 978-1-003-19760-7, retrieved December 29, 2023
  33. ^ Aida, Hirotsugu (November 23, 2019). "右翼の新潮流、BAMとは?" [What is BAM, the new right-wing trend?]. Weekly Toyo Keizai (in Japanese).
  34. ^ a b Keglovits 2021, p. 43.
  35. ^ a b c Lindqvist, Inga-Lina (September 29, 2019). "Antiken är hetare än någonsin förr" [Antiquity is Hotter Than Ever]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Archived from the original on September 30, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2021. Att avfärda BAP som ännu en internetgalning som förläst sig på Nietzsche och missförstått Homeros humanistiska intention går inte riktigt. Han är för bildad, för rolig, för inflytelserik för det. [Dismissing the BAP as yet another internet madman who read Nietzsche and misunderstood the humanistic intent of Homer doesn't really work. He is too educated, too funny, too influential for that.]
  36. ^ a b "What their chosen reading says about America's far-right". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved December 31, 2022.
  37. ^ a b Zerofsky, Elisabeth (August 3, 2022). "How the Claremont Institute Became a Nerve Center of the American Right". The New York Times Magazine. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 31, 2022.
  38. ^ a b Russell, Jesse (March 2021). "Nietzsche and the American Right". Chronicles. Archived from the original on March 22, 2021. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  39. ^ Marzoni, Andrew (October 19, 2020). "Is there such a thing as far-Right 'literature'?". Aeon. Archived from the original on October 19, 2020. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  40. ^ Robinson, Nathan J. (October 2, 2023). "Beware Ideologies That Tell You You're Better Than Everyone Else". Current Affairs. ISSN 2471-2647. Retrieved October 20, 2023.
  41. ^ Anton, Michael (June 8, 2021). "The Art of Spiritual War". The American Mind. Archived from the original on June 8, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  42. ^ Doherty, Brian (August 2, 2020). "Wait, Wasn't Peter Thiel a Libertarian?". Reason. Retrieved August 7, 2023.
  43. ^ Bronze Age Pervert (October 22, 2019). "America's Delusional Elite Is Done". The American Mind. Claremont Institute.
  44. ^ Meserve, Jack (December 10, 2019). "Beyond Compromise". Democracy Journal.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h Burton, Tara Isabella (2020). Strange rites: new religions for a godless world. New York. ISBN 978-1-5417-6253-4. OCLC 1141019338.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  46. ^ Collins, Will (January 3, 2020). "No Time for Heroes". National Review.
  47. ^ a b Breland, Ali. "Is the Bronze Age Pervert going mainstream?". Mother Jones. Retrieved October 3, 2023.
  48. ^ Marcotte, Amanda (October 9, 2023). "The right is getting weirder about sex". Salon. Retrieved October 11, 2023.
  49. ^ a b c Cowen, Tyler (September 24, 2023). "*Selective Breeding and the Birth of Philosophy*". Marginal REVOLUTION. Retrieved February 12, 2024.
  50. ^ a b Gray, John (September 23, 2023). "Bronze Age Pervert will not save the American right". New Statesman. Retrieved September 23, 2023.
  51. ^ a b Thompson, C. Bradley (December 28, 2020). "Bronze Age Pervert and the Fascist New Frontier". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
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