Bronze Service Medal

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Bronze Service Medal
APLA Bronze Service Medal.jpg
Awarded by the President
Country Yellow star on green.png  South Africa
Type Military long service medal
Eligibility Azanian People's Liberation Army cadres
Awarded for Ten years exemplary service
Campaign(s) The "struggle"
Status Discontinued in 2003
Statistics
Established 1996
APLA 1996 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear
Next (higher)
APLA precedence:
Next (lower)
SANDF succession:
Ribbon - Bronze Service Medal.png
Ribbon bar

The Bronze Service Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of South Africa in April 1996. It was awarded to veteran cadres of the Azanian People's Liberation Army, the military wing of the Pan Africanist Congress, for ten years exemplary service.[1]

Azanian People's Liberation Army[edit]

The Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) was the para-military wing of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC). It was established in 1961 to wage an armed "struggle" against the Nationalist government inside South Africa. On 27 April 1994 the Azanian People's Liberation Army was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[1][2][3]

Institution[edit]

The Bronze Service Medal was instituted by the President of South Africa in April 1996. It is the junior award of a set of three medals for long service, along with the Gold Service Medal and the Silver Service Medal.[1][4][5]

The Azanian People's Liberation Army's military decorations and medals were modelled on those of the South African Defence Force and these three medals are the approximate equivalents of, respectively, the Good Service Medal, Gold, the Good Service Medal, Silver and the Good Service Medal, Bronze.[4]

Award criteria[edit]

The medal could be awarded to veteran cadres of the Azanian People's Liberation Army for ten years exemplary service.[1][4]

Order of wear[edit]

The position of the Bronze Service Medal in the official military and national orders of precedence was revised upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003, but it remained unchanged.[4][6]

Azanian People's Liberation Army

Silver Service Medal Bronze Service Medal

South African National Defence Force until 26 April 2003

Medal for Long Service, Bronze Bronze Service Medal Service Medal in Bronze

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Bronze Service Medal is an oval medallion with a raised edge, struck in bronze and depicting the Azanian People's Liberation Army emblem.[1][7][8]

Reverse

The reverse is smooth and displays the embellished pre-1994 South African Coat of Arms.[8]

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide, with an 8 millimetres wide black band and a 4 millimetres wide yellow band, repeated in reverse order and separated by an 8 millimetres wide green band in the centre.[1][7][8]

Discontinuation[edit]

Conferment of the Bronze Service Medal was discontinued upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f South African Medal Website - Liberation armies (Accessed 30 April 2015)
  2. ^ "Manifesto of Umkhonto we Sizwe". African National Congress. 16 December 1961. Archived from the original on 17 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  3. ^ Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  5. ^ a b Presidential Warrant by the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of Honours for Bravery in the South African National Defence Force, Gazette no. 25213 dated 25 July 2003.
  6. ^ a b Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Azanian Peoples Liberation Army (APLA)
  7. ^ a b c F S MK (sic) Service Medal Archived 18 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine.