Brookdale Senior Living

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Brookdale Senior Living Solutions
Traded as NYSEBKD
Industry seniors residences
Founded 1970s
Headquarters Brentwood, Tennessee, United States of America
Owner Fortress Investment Group (Former)
Slogan "Bringing new life to Senior Living." [1]

Brookdale Senior Living is a company that operates senior's residences. The company was established in 1978 and is based in Brentwood, Tennessee. Brookdale is the largest owner and operator of senior living communities throughout the United States, operating over 1,100 senior living communities and retirement communities in the US. They have approximately 80,000 staff members serving some 100,000 residents.[2]

The company also offers Independent Living,[3] Personalized Assisted Living,[4] Memory Care for Alzheimer’s and dementia diagnosed residents,[5] Rehabilitation, and Skilled Nursing.[6] They also offer Continuing Care Retirement Communities[7] where residents can age in place without having to move when care needs change. At some of these communities, the Life Care program is offered. Life Care offers Peace of Mind by guaranteeing that you will receive care for the rest of your life, even if you run out of money.[6] One whole-owned subsidiary company, Innovative Senior Care (ISC), offers rehabilitation, fitness, educational programming, and health services.


The origins of Brookdale started in the late 1970s with the focus of large upscale urban retirement communities located in large cities such as Chicago, New York, and Miami. These early models replicated five star hotels like the Hyatt, Marriott's, and Hilton of the modern era. As the industry evolved into the late 1990s and early 2000s, Brookdale's major shareholder became Fortress Investments with approximately 51% of the holdings. Throughout the late 1990s and early to mid-2000s, Brookdale developed several more communities that resembled earlier models but also reflected the ever changing climate including Continuous Care Retirement Communities (CCRC), which house all brands of the aging process including skilled nursing, assisted living, independent living, and memory care facilities.

Financial Trouble[edit]

By early 2005, the company had grown to approximately 90 stand alone properties. During this time Fortress Investments had acquired the recently bankrupt Alterra Corporation (formerly Alternative Living Services), a Milwaukee, WI based company who had developed and opened more than 500 assisted living and memory care properties throughout the US between 1993 and 2003. At one point, Alterra was the largest provider of assisted living and memory care services within the United States, catapulting ahead of the industry benchmark set by Sunrise Senior Living. Rapid growth proved costly and detrimental to the Alterra Corporation and it filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2004. They managed to sell off a third of their assets and bring their facility total down to approximately 300 properties. During the bankruptcy, Fortress purchased Alterra and pondered whether to sell the company to Emeritus Senior Living, which was hired to manage Alterra through the bankruptcy phase.


In July 2006, Brookdale announced its merger with the Nashville, Tennessee-based American Retirement Corporation (ARC Therapy). ARC operated approximately 130 properties throughout the United States ranging from large CCRC campuses to assisted living and independent living facilities. They had been operating since the late 1970s. Fortress saw this as an opportunity to put Brookdale at the forefront of senior living, not just by sheer size but with the marrying of two of the longest-running and most successful companies in the industry. When the dust settled on the ARC merger, Brookdale was operating approximately 550 communities in 36 states.

There would be no more acquisitions announced until October 2009 when the Wall Street Journal reported that Brookdale Senior Living had entered into an agreement with Sunrise Senior Living Services to acquire 21 free standing properties throughout the United States. The closing date for this acquisition was announced to be November 25, 2009.

In October 2011, Brookdale entered into an agreement to acquire Horizon Bay Retirement Living, a privately held company with approximately 90 communities around the country.

At the end of July 2014, Brookdale completed its merger with Emeritus Senior Living. The merger transformed Brookdale into the only national full-spectrum senior living solutions company, with over 1,100 communities in 46 states, covering 80% of the U.S. population.[8]

Controversy over failure to administer CPR[edit]

One of the company's facilities, Glenwood Gardens in Bakersfield, California, was the focus of national media coverage when a staff member refused to give CPR to Lorainne Bayless, a dying patient. The company cited a policy against giving CPR to independent living facility residents, but did not provide the policy to reporters.[9] The company later revised its position, saying that the staff member had misinterpreted the policy.[10] Police closed its investigation of the facility with no criminal charges and Bayless's family said it had no intention of suing Brookdale.[10]


External links[edit]