Brooklyn (New Zealand electorate)

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Brooklyn was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in Wellington city from 1946 to 1954. It was represented by two prominent members of the Labour Party: Peter Fraser, who was Prime Minister (1940–1949), and Arnold Nordmeyer, who was later Minister of Finance (1957–1960).

Population centres[edit]

The 1941 census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Brooklyn.[1] The electorate was based on the southern suburbs of Wellington city, around the hill suburb of Brooklyn.[2]

The Brooklyn electorate was abolished through the 1952 electoral redistribution, and its area divided between the Wellington Central, Island Bay, and Karori electorates. These changes came into effect through the 1954 election.[3]

History[edit]

The electorate existed from 1946 to 1954,[4] but both the MPs who held the seat were prominent in the Labour Party; Peter Fraser, who was Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1940–1949 in the First Labour Government;[5] and after Fraser's death on 12 December 1950[6] Arnold Nordmeyer,[7] who was later Minister of Finance in the Second Labour Government from 1957–1960,[8] famous for the Black Budget that contributed to Labour's defeat at the 1960 election.[9] In 1954 Nordmeyer moved to the Island Bay electorate.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key  Labour  

Election Winner
1946 election Peter Fraser
1949 election
1951 by-election Arnold Nordmeyer
1951 election
(Electorate abolished in 1954)

Election results[edit]

1951 election[edit]

General election, 1951: Brooklyn[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 6,375 58.4 -5.2
National C W Clift 4,549 41.6
Majority 1,826 16.8 -11.9
Turnout 13,077 84.2

1951 by-election[edit]

Brooklyn by-election, 1951
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 5,287 63.6
National Leonard Theodor Jacobsen[11] 2,902 34.9
Communist Connie Birchfield 129 1.5
Majority 2385 28.7
Turnout 8,318 63.6
Registered electors 13,077
Labour hold Swing

1949 election[edit]

General election, 1949: Brooklyn[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Peter Fraser 7,176 63.91 -2.69
National Berta Burns 3,811 33.94
Communist Connie Birchfield 241 2.14
Majority 3,365 29.96 -3.24
Turnout 11,228

1946 election[edit]

General election, 1946: Brooklyn[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Peter Fraser 7,600 66.60 +20.48
National S Hardy 3,811 33.39
Majority 3,789 33.20 +25.05
Turnout 11,411

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 94.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 94–99.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 259.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 58, 198.
  6. ^ Beaglehole, Tim. "Fraser, Peter". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 223.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 88.
  9. ^ Brown, Bruce. "Nordmeyer, Arnold Henry". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  10. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Public Notices". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  12. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.