Brooklyn Manor (LIRR station)

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Brooklyn Manor
RBB under Jamaica BMT jeh.JPG
Former Brooklyn Manor Station site beneath the BMT Jamaica Line
Location Jamaica Avenue between 98th and 101st Streets
Richmond Hill, Queens
Coordinates 40°41′42″N 73°50′50″W / 40.6949°N 73.8472°W / 40.6949; -73.8472Coordinates: 40°41′42″N 73°50′50″W / 40.6949°N 73.8472°W / 40.6949; -73.8472
Owned by City of New York
Line(s)
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Connections New York City Subway:
NYCS-bull-trans-J.svg NYCS-bull-trans-Z.svg at 104th Street
Other information
Station code None
Fare zone 1
History
Opened January 9, 1911
Closed June 8, 1962
Rebuilt N/A; station abandoned
Electrified 1905
Services
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg LIRR   Following station
toward Grand Street
Rockaway Beach Branch

Brooklyn Manor was a station on the Long Island Rail Road's Rockaway Beach branch in New York City on the south side of Jamaica Avenue at 100th Street at the border between Richmond Hill and Woodhaven, Queens. The station name referred to the nearby Brooklyn Manor section of Woodhaven (originally a 603 lot development located from Woodhaven Boulevard to 96/98 Street, Forest Park to Jamaica Avenue). Brooklyn Manor station was demolished following its 1962 closure.[1]

Station layout[edit]

3F BMT Jamaica Line
2F
Former platform level
Side platform, demolished
Northbound Trackbed
Southbound Trackbed
Side platform, demolished
G Street Level -

The elevated station was located on the south side of the overpass over Jamaica Avenue, with two side platforms and shelters on both platforms. The platforms were constructed from wood, as were most other stations constructed on the line at this time.[2][3][4] Most of the current stations south of here were built or rebuilt in the 1930s and 1940s and made of concrete.[5][6][7][7] The BMT's Jamaica elevated (now part of the New York City Subway) runs over the Rockaway Beach tracks along Jamaica Avenue; this section of the BMT elevated was opened in 1917, built after the LIRR station.[8] Connection was available two blocks east at the 102nd–104th Streets station.[9][10] Connection was also available to the Jamaica Avenue surface trolley.[8][11]

History[edit]

A new station along the Rockaway Beach Branch at Jamaica Avenue was proposed in 1909, and built in conjunction with grade-crossing eliminations and electrification projects along the line, as well as the extension from the Glendale Junction with the Montauk Branch to the LIRR Main Line at Whitepot Junction (known as the Glendale Cut-off). The new station opened on January 9, 1911.[1][11][12][13] The station also served as a replacement for the former Brooklyn Hills Station, which was built in 1882 approximately 3,000 feet north of the site at Myrtle Avenue in Forest Park.[11][14] The next stop north was Parkside (opened in 1927), and the next stop south was Woodhaven Junction. Following its opening, the station diverted passengers away from the Atlantic Branch, leading to increased service to Penn Station.[12]

In the early expansion plans of the city's Independent Subway System in the 1930s, the Rockaway Beach Branch was planned to be absorbed into the new subway, which would have turned the Brooklyn Manor station into a stop on the IND Queens Boulevard Line or a new Queens crosstown line.[15][16][17] In 1950, the Rockaway Beach Branch south of Ozone Park closed after the trestle on Jamaica Bay between The Raunt and Broad Channel stations was destroyed by a fire. The city purchased the entire line in 1955, but only the portion south of Liberty Avenue was reactivated for subway service.[18] Ridership declined on the remaining portion of the branch.[1] Vandalism and criminal activity along the line also led the LIRR to take the two-side platforms out of service in 1958, replaced with a low-level platform in the former southbound trackway.[1][3][4][19][20][21] The station closed on June 8, 1962, along with the rest of the Rockaway Beach Branch.[1][22][23]

Current status[edit]

In the 1950s following the fire that led to service reductions on the line, the QM23 express bus was created by Green Bus Lines to replace LIRR service between the station and Manhattan.[9][15] After takeover by the MTA in 2006, the route was discontinued on June 27, 2010 due to MTA budget cuts.[24] Alternate service is provided by the BMT Jamaica Line's nearby subway station at 104th Street.[9][10]

Few remnants of the station site remaining today.[1] Much track and signal infrastructure, however, remains though it is quite dilapidated. Signal towers can still be seen on the path to Brooklyn Manor. Much of the roadbed is overgrown with trees and weeds. Access to the area is currently limited, although Queens Community Board 9 has proposed to redevelop the right-of-way into a greenway bike path.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Bresiger, Gregory (July 18, 2012). "The Trains Stopped Running Here 50 Years Ago". qgazette.com. Queens Gazette. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Keller, Dave. "Rockaway Beach Branch". trainsarefun.com. trainsarefun.com. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "L.I.R.R. Asks Cuts in Queens Branch: Seeks Reduction of Service on Rockaway Beach Spur-Request Is Opposed". The New York Times. February 20, 1958. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Noyes, Thomas (December 27, 1961). "'Forgotten Spur' a Painful Reminder" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. p. 17. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Last Grade Crossing In Rockaways Ends". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 11, 1942. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Pushes Grade Separation". nytimes.com. The New York Times. January 24, 1932. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^ a b c Urbitran Associates, Inc (May 2004). "NYCDOT Bus Ridership Survey and Route Analysis Final Report: Chapter 3 Transit System Characteristics" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Map: Woodhaven" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c "Richmond Hill to Be Served: Many Trains Will Run to Tunnels by Montauk Division and Glendale Cut-Off". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. August 7, 1909. Retrieved 20 October 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  12. ^ a b "NEW TRAIN SERVICE; Inaugurated by Long Island Railroad Big Increase of Commuters.". The New York Times. June 30, 1912. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "MILLIONS SPENT ON LONG ISLAND R.R.; First Full Details of Improve- ments and What They Have Cost the Pennsylvania.". The New York Times. April 10, 1910. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Wants to Move Station". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 23, 1910. p. 6. Retrieved 20 October 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  15. ^ a b Roger P. Roess; Gene Sansone (23 August 2012). The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 416–417. ISBN 978-3-642-30484-2. 
  16. ^ "City Board Votes New Subway Links". nytimes.com. The New York Times. March 19, 1937. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  17. ^ Martin, Douglas (November 17, 1996). "Subway Planners' Lofty Ambitions Are Buried as Dead-End Curiosities". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  18. ^ Freeman, Ira Henry (June 28, 1956). "Rockaway Trains to Operate Today". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "L.I.R.R. WILL DROP 2 QUEENS TRAINS; One Morning, One Evening Run on Ozone Park Spur Will Be Halted Nov. 24". The New York Times. November 14, 1958. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  20. ^ "L.I.R.R. STOPS CALLED CRIMINAL HANGOUTS". The New York Times. September 23, 1958. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  21. ^ Roberts, John A. (March 2002). "Forgotten Spur to the Rockaways". junipercivic.com. Juniper Park Civic Association. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  22. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. (July 30, 2014). "Clashing Visions for Old Rail Bed (Just Don't Call It the High Line of Queens)". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  23. ^ "An Era Ends at 6:09: Last Train Rides Forgotten Spur" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. June 8, 1962. p. 11. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  24. ^ 2010 budget crisis information-NYC Transit, accessed October 18, 2015

External links[edit]