Brooks Brothers riot

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The Brooks Brothers riot was a demonstration at a meeting of election canvassers in Miami-Dade County, Florida, on November 22, 2000, during a recount of votes made during the 2000 United States presidential election.

The demonstration[edit]

Hundreds of paid GOP operatives descended upon South Florida to protest the state's recounts,[1] with at least half a dozen of the demonstrators at Miami-Dade paid by George W. Bush's recount committee.[2] Several of these protesters were identified as Republican staffers and a number later went on to jobs in the Bush administration.[3]

The "Brooks Brothers" name is a reference to the protesters' corporate attire; described in the Wall Street Journal as "50-year-old white lawyers with cell phones and Hermès ties", the protesters were corporate-sponsored and flown in, as opposed to being local citizens concerned about counting practices.[2][4]

The demonstration was organized by Republican operatives, sometimes referred to as the "Brooks Brothers Brigade",[5] to oppose the recount of ballots during the Florida election recount. Realizing that they could not meet a court-ordered deadline, the canvassers decided to limit the recount to the 10,750 ballots rejected by computer, and moved the counting process to a smaller room closer to the ballot-scanning equipment to speed up the process, while restricting media access to 25 feet away while they continued. Republicans objected to this change of plans and insisted the canvassers must do a full recount. At this time, New York Rep. John Sweeney told an aide to "Shut it down."[2][4][6] The demonstration turned violent and according to The New York Times, "several people were trampled, punched or kicked when protesters tried to rush the doors outside the office of the Miami-Dade supervisor of elections. Sheriff's deputies restored order." DNC aide Luis Rosero was kicked and punched. Within two hours after the event, the canvassing board unanimously voted to shut down the count, in part due to perceptions that the process wasn't open or fair, and in part because the court-mandated deadline was impossible to meet.[7][8][9]

The controversial incident was set in motion by John E. Sweeney,[10] a New York Republican who was nicknamed "Congressman Kick-Ass" by President Bush for his work in Florida.[11] Sweeney defended his actions by arguing that his aim was not to stop the hand recount but to restore the process to public view.[12] Some Bush supporters did acknowledge they hoped the recount would end. "We were trying to stop the recount; Bush had already won," said Evilio Cepero, a reporter for WAQI, an influential Spanish talk radio station in Miami. "We were urging people to come downtown and support and protest this injustice." A Republican lawyer commented, "People were pounding on the doors, but they had an absolute right to get in."[7] The protest prevented official observers and members of the press from getting in.[9][13]


A partial list:[3]


  1. ^ "Mob Scene in Miami", Time, November 26, 2000
  2. ^ a b c Maddow, Rachel (August 4, 2009). "Reviewing the history of fake conservative protests". MSNBC TV.
  3. ^ a b Kamen, Al (January 24, 2005). "Miami 'Riot' Squad: Where Are They Now?". The Washington Post.
  4. ^ a b Gigot, Paul A. (November 24, 2000). "Miami Heat: A burgher rebellion in Dade County". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 16, 2006.
  5. ^ Pullizi, Henry J (August 4, 2009), "White House Brushes Off Health-Care Protests", The Wall Street Journal.
  6. ^ Dana Canedy, Dexter Filkins (November 23, 2000), "Counting the Vote: Miami-Dade County; A Wild Day in Miami, With an End to Recounting, and Democrats' Going to Court", The New York Times
  7. ^ a b Filkins, Dexter and Dana Canedy. "Protest Influenced Miami-Dade's Decision to Stop Recount", The New York Times, November 24, 2008
  8. ^ Joe Conason (December 3, 2000). "Right-Wingers Praise Antics of Bush Thugs" The New York Observer
  9. ^ a b Parry, Robert August 5, 2002, Bush's Conspiracy to Riot,,
  10. ^ Lantigua, John (November 28, 2000): Miami's rent-a-riot, Salon, Politics
  11. ^ Staba, David (August 22, 2006), "Race Profile: The 20th District in New York", The New York Times,
  12. ^ Noah, Timothy (November 28, 2000). "Sweeney and the Siege of Miami", Slate.
  13. ^ Clary, Mike (December 2, 2000). "Miami Mayor Denies Gore Urged Him to Publicly Support Recount". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  14. ^ Rood, Justin (April 19, 2006). "New WH Policy Chief Was "Brooks Brothers" Rioter". Talking Points Memo.
  15. ^ Gold, Ashley (March 27, 2019). "The People With Power on Facebook's Policy and Communications Team". The Information.
  16. ^ Reinhard, Beth (May 17, 2008). "Bush strategist shares insight on '00 recount". Miami Herald.
  17. ^ Sarlin, Benjamin (November 20, 2008). "A GOP Dirty Trickster Has Second Thoughts". The Daily Beast.
  18. ^ Manufactured Protesters Are Killing Democracy, Huffington Post, September 7, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
  19. ^ Heard on the Hill: Still a Riot, 10 Years Later, Roll Call, Alison McSherry, November 15, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  20. ^ Steve Brophy honored by Tennessee National Guard, Williamson Herald, Mindy Tate, January 22, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2017.