Brooks County, Texas
The Brooks County Courthouse in Falfurrias
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||James Brooks|
|• Total||944 sq mi (2,440 km2)|
|• Land||943 sq mi (2,440 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2) 0.03%%|
|• Density||7.7/sq mi (3.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Brooks County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,223. Its county seat is Falfurrias. The county is named for James Abijah Brooks, a Texas Ranger and legislator.
The county faces a range of challenges due to immigration issues. Though it lies about 80 miles north of the border, it is a main route for illegal immigrants crossing from Mexico. The open dry terrain and hot summer temperatures cause many immigrants to die annually, leading some to dub the area a "Death Valley" for migrants.
- U.S. Highway 281
- Interstate 69C is currently under construction and will follow the current route of U.S. 281 in most places.
- State Highway 285
- Farm to Market Road 755
- Jim Wells County (north)
- Kleberg County (northeast)
- Kenedy County (east)
- Hidalgo County (south)
- Starr County (southwest)
- Jim Hogg County (west)
- Duval County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,223 people living in the county. 89.6% were White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 7.9% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 91.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,976 people, 2,711 households, and 2,079 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,203 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.84% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 21.58% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. 91.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,711 households out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 19.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.30% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the county, the population was spread out with 31.60% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 23.40% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $18,622, and the median income for a family was $22,473. Males had a median income of $23,051 versus $16,103 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,234. About 36.90% of families and 40.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.70% of those under age 18 and 30.40% of those age 65 or over.
While the state of Texas has become a stronghold of the Republican Party in the 21st century, Brooks County rests in the oldest extant Democratic stronghold in the state. It has never voted for a Republican presidential candidate since its creation in 1911.
No Republican has received more than 35% of the vote in the county since Richard Nixon in his 1972 landslide, and no Democrat since George McGovern that same year has received less than 65%. McGovern is one of only two Democrats, the other being Adlai Stevenson in 1956, to have received less than 60% of the vote in Brooks County since it first participated in presidential elections in 1912.
- Falfurrias (county seat)
- Brooks County Courthouse
- List of museums in the Texas Gulf Coast
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Brooks County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Brooks County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- (9 July 2014). Texas' Brooks County Is 'Death Valley' for Migrants, NBC News
- Saslow, Eli. "Going it alone". www.washingtonpost.com. The Washington Post. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- (10 July 2018). The Brutal Border, U.S. News & World Report
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "2010 Comptroller General General Election Results". David Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
- Brooks County in Handbook of Texas Online.
- Brooks County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties